Agricultural ditching membrane-coating soil-covering device

A technology of covering soil and film, applied in agriculture, excavation/covering trenches, sowing, etc., can solve the problems of low labor rate and high labor intensity of farmers, and achieve the effect of complete functions and ingenious design.

Inactive Publication Date: 2017-11-21
黑龙江省农业机械运用研究所
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

[0004] The purpose of the present invention is to solve the problem of high labor intensity and low labor rate of farme...
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Method used

Specific embodiment one: illustrate this embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 1-Fig. 8, a kind of agricultural ditching of this embodiment is covered with film covering soil device and comprises frame 1, ditch opener 2, soil recovery device 3, seed metering device 4. Soil covering device 5, rolling device 6, film covering mechanism 7 and traveling wheels 8, the lower end of the frame 1 is equipped with a ditch opener 2, and the rear side of the ditch opener 2 is arranged with a soil recovery device 3, and the soil The rear side of the recovery device 3 is provided with a seed meter 4, which is welded and installed on the frame 1, and the rear side of the seed meter 4 is successively provided with a rolling device 6, a film covering mechanism 7 and a walking wheel 8. The soil collected by the soil recovery device 3 is discharged into the hopper 9 of the soil covering device 5 . Set up in this way, the present invention realizes ditching, sowing, and soil-covering processes respectively, and the soil penetration depth and ditching size of the ridging plowshares of the present invention are suitable for film covering; Take up a part, then use the seed meter to discharge the seeds on the upper layer of the ridge, and cover and suppress the seeds sequentially through the soil covering device and the rolling device, and then cover the film; the present invention is powered by a tractor or livestock through a traction device, reducing The labor intensity of people is improved, and the work efficiency is improved; a rolling device 6 is set on the frame, so that the soil clods protruding before the film covering are leveled, and the mulch film is prevented from being scratched by the soil blocks during the film covering process; the present invention The spacing of the openers and the spacing of the mulching supports can be adjusted, and the width of the mulching installation shaft can also be adjusted, so that it can use different widths of mulch for mulching, which improves the efficiency of mulching; it should be noted that , the seed...
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Abstract

The invention relates to an agricultural ditching membrane-coating soil-covering device and belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The invention aims to solve the problems of high labor intensity and low labor efficiency of the present sowing membrane-coating method for cultivating. The agricultural ditching membrane-coating soil-covering device comprises a frame, a ditching instrument, a soil recycling device, a seed drainer, a soil covering device, a rolling device, a membrane coating mechanism and a walking wheel, wherein the ditching instrument is arranged at the lower end of the frame; the soil recycling device is arranged on the rear side of the ditching instrument; the seed drainer is arranged on the rear side of the soil recycling device; the seed drainer is welded and mounted on the frame; the rolling device, the membrane coating mechanism and the walking wheel are successively arranged on the rear side of the seed drainer; and the soil collected by the soil recycling device is discharged into a hopper of the soil covering device. The whole agricultural ditching membrane-coating soil-covering device is smartly and completely designed, has complete functions and can complete the operations of ridging, sowing, covering soil, pressing and paving membrane in turn.

Application Domain

PlantingSowing +2

Technology Topic

Agricultural engineeringCoating +2

Image

  • Agricultural ditching membrane-coating soil-covering device
  • Agricultural ditching membrane-coating soil-covering device
  • Agricultural ditching membrane-coating soil-covering device

Examples

  • Experimental program(9)

Example Embodiment

[0025] Specific implementation mode one: combine Figure 1-Figure 8 Describe this embodiment, a kind of agricultural ditching and film covering device of this embodiment includes frame 1, ditch opener 2, soil recovery device 3, seed metering device 4, soil covering device 5, rolling device 6, film covering mechanism 7 and walking wheels 8, the lower end of the frame 1 is equipped with a ditch opener 2, the rear side of the ditch opener 2 is arranged with a soil recovery device 3, and the rear side of the soil recovery device 3 is provided with a seed meter 4, and the row The seed device is welded and installed on the frame 1, and the rear side of the seed meter 4 is provided with a rolling device 6, a film covering mechanism 7 and a walking wheel 8 in sequence, and the soil collected by the soil recovery device 3 is discharged to the soil covering device 5. In the hopper 9. Set up in this way, the present invention realizes ditching, sowing, and soil-covering processes respectively, and the soil penetration depth and ditching size of the ridging plowshares of the present invention are suitable for film covering; Take up a part, then use the seed meter to discharge the seeds on the upper layer of the ridge, and cover and suppress the seeds sequentially through the soil covering device and the rolling device, and then cover the film; the present invention is powered by a tractor or livestock through a traction device, reducing The labor intensity of people is improved, and the work efficiency is improved; a rolling device 6 is set on the frame, so that the soil clods protruding before the film covering are leveled, and the mulch film is prevented from being scratched by the soil blocks during the film covering process; the present invention The spacing of the openers and the spacing of the mulching supports can be adjusted, and the width of the mulching installation shaft can also be adjusted, so that it can use different widths of mulch for mulching, which improves the efficiency of mulching; it should be noted that , the seed metering device 4 is a seeding and sowing equipment that is fixedly installed on the frame by welding after outsourcing. The seed metering device can be used for sowing vegetable seeds, soybeans and other crops. The manufacturer that can be used is Bazhou Huanya Trading Co., Ltd. The "special gear seeding box for vegetable seed sowing box" produced by the company is used as a seed metering device; a battery 11 is installed on the rear side of the frame 1, and the battery can provide electricity for the screw conveyor and the soil-covering drive motor.

Example Embodiment

[0026] Specific implementation mode two: combination figure 1 and image 3 Describe this embodiment, the soil recovery device 3 described in a kind of agricultural ditching, film and soil covering device of this embodiment includes a bucket 31, a screw conveyor 32 and a conduit 33, and the bucket 31 is arranged laterally on the frame 1 The lower end of the bucket 31 is installed on the frame 1 by bracket welding, the bottom end of the screw conveyor 32 is installed in the middle of the bucket 31, and the top of the screw conveyor 32 is equipped with a conduit 33. Set in this way, the described bucket 31 is a profiling bucket, and the bucket arranged at the rear end of the ditch opener can reclaim the upper layer of soil on the trapezoidal ridge platform in the field and the soil opened by the ditch opener. The specific recovery principle is: profiling The bucket 31 collects the soil into the bucket, and the screw conveyor 32 arranged in the middle of the bucket works. Under the action of the rotating shaft of the screw conveyor 32 and the helical blades arranged on the rotating shaft, the soil in the bucket passes through the conduit 33 is sent to the hopper 9, and it is used for the soil covering work. This method uses the bucket to collect the soil and directly uses it for the covering of the seeds, canceling the cumbersome cultivation process of digging, sowing, and filling the soil, so that the efficiency of sowing and film covering is effectively improved.

Example Embodiment

[0027] Specific implementation mode three: combination image 3 Illustrate this embodiment, on the side of the described bucket 31 of a kind of agricultural ditching and covering device of this embodiment, push cylinder 34 is installed, and the cylinder rod 35 of push cylinder 34 stretches into the inside of bucket 31, and the cylinder A push plate 36 is installed at the end of the rod 35 , and the push plate 36 can move laterally inside the bucket 31 under the action of the cylinder 34 . In this way, under the push of the cylinder 34, the push plate 36 can push the soil collected in the bucket to the entrance of the screw conveyor 32 arranged in the middle, and then assist the screw conveyor 32 to collect soil.

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Description & Claims & Application Information

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