In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the following further describes the present invention in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described here are only used to explain the present invention, and not used to limit the present invention.
The invention is likefigure 1 Shown:
Such asfigure 1 As shown, a teaching aid for composition teaching includes a substrate plate 1, a turntable five 2, a rotating shaft 3, a turntable three 4, a turntable one 5, a fixed module 6, a turntable four 7, a turntable two 8, a telescopic rod 9, and a color line 10; The matrix board corresponds to the composition as a whole, and is divided into five regional modules from top to bottom according to the composition structure: title area 101, function area 102, beginning area 103, main area 104 and ending area 105;
Such asfigure 2 As shown, the structures of the turntable five 2, turntable three 4, turntable one 5, turntable four 7, and turntable two 8 are the same. The rotating shaft 3 passes through the center of the plate body 16, the upper end is pasted with a fixed arrow indicator 12, and the middle section has a boss , The lower end is provided with an external thread, which passes through the matrix plate 1 and is fixed with a nut 14. The disc body 16 can rotate clockwise or counterclockwise around the shaft 3;
Such asfigure 1 withimage 3 As shown, the beginning area, the main area, and the end area are close to the left side frame of the substrate 1 and are provided with a number icon 11, namely: ① to ⑧ and an ellipsis. The number icon 11 represents the paragraph number, which corresponds to a scaled extension Rod 9, the scale represents the number of words in the paragraph. The telescopic rod 9 has a small hole at one end, a boss in the middle section, and an external thread at the other end. A compression spring 13 is installed under the telescopic rod 9, passing through the fixed block 15 and the matrix plate 1, using a nut 14 is fixed vertically with the substrate 1, the fixed block and the telescopic rod 9 adopt clearance fit, adjust the nut 14, control the length of the telescopic rod 9; the color line 10 is connected to the beginning area, and passes through the small holes on the telescopic rod in turn. One end is fixed at the end area, and the color line can move up and down with the length of the telescopic rod; the color line is a red or green or yellow string;
Such asFigure 4 withFigure 5 As shown, the topic area 101 contains two parts A area and B area. Area A is the composition proposition form, and area A is marked in turn: Module a: full proposition, module b: half proposition, module c: topic, module d : Material composition; area B is a fixed name module, and area B is marked with: Module I: Examination, Module II: Idea, Module II is behind Module I; Module I contains four fixed name modules, from top to bottom. : Module C: Reading, Module D: True Love, Module E: Beautiful Scenery, Module F: Dream; Module II contains four modules with fixed names, from top to bottom: Module G: Speculative Perception, Module H: Aesthetic Appreciation, Module J: Emotion and morality, Module K: Growth motivation;
Such asFigure 4 withFigure 5 As shown, the functional area is located below the title area, and there are four fixed modules in this area module: Module N: Expression Technique, Module M: Writing Structure, Module L: Content, Module P: Subject;
Such asFigure 5 withFigure 6 As shown, the performance technique module N is provided with a turntable four 7 which is equipped with an inner circle and an outer circle. The inner circle is marked with four styles, namely: narrative, prose, novel, and argumentative essay; the outer circle is marked with four Each style corresponds to forty-four commonly used expression techniques, of which narratives correspond to 17 types: end-to-end echoing, finishing touch, clever use of rhetoric, proper detail, combination of narrative and discussion, front and side reverberation, narration, interlude, flashback, pawn Zhang Xianzhi, imagination, association, linking up and down, point and surface combination, virtual and reality, detailed description, environmental rendering; nine types corresponding to prose: lyrical expression by borrowing objects, lyrical emotion by borrowing objects, expressing aspirations by objects, combining ambiguity, symbolism, contrast, and blending with the scenery , Straightforward expression of the chest, the combination of movement and static; the twelve types of novels: fine line drawing, contrast, foreshadowing, foreshadowing, reference, setting suspense, combination of virtual and reality, contrast, setting off, borrowing from the past to satirize the present, beautiful scenery to line up grief, and side effects ; Six types of argumentation: quotation from classics, clever parables, contradictory differences, pros and cons, analogy reasoning, reductive refutation;
Such asFigure 5 withFigure 7 As shown, the module M is provided with turntable two 8. The turntable two 8 is equipped with an inner circle and an outer circle. The inner circle is marked with five expressions, namely: narration, discussion, lyricism, description, and explanation; the outer circle is marked with Thirty-four methods of narration and expression, including narration: sequence, flashback, interpolating, plain narration, supplementary narration, argumentation, example argumentation, quotation argumentation, contrast argumentation, metaphor argumentation, symbolic argumentation, induction argumentation, deductive argumentation; lyric: Directly express emotions, borrow objects to express emotions, embed emotions in things, borrow the past to satirize the present, borrow people to express emotions; description: character description, scenery description, line drawing, detailed description, set off; explanation: cite examples, classify, list data, compare, draw Diagrams, definitions, interpretations, analogies, descriptions, quotations;
Such asFigure 5 As shown, module L is marked with: module Q: beginning, module R: main body, module S: end; module P is marked with: module T: emotion, module U: philosophy, module V: ideal, module W: belief;
Such asFigure 8 As shown, there is a turntable 5 in the beginning area. The turntable is divided into eighteen small area modules. The eighteen techniques commonly used at the beginning of the corresponding composition are marked in turn, namely: straightforward method, title notation, celebrity answering method, skillful use of poetry grammar, and evaluation Current affairs method, flashback opening method, wanting to promote first, camera close-up method, clever rhetoric method, quotation method, letter format method, direct lyric method, discussion opening method, scene description method, inheriting theme method, character appearance method , Chapters back to the story, fables;
Such asPicture 9 As shown, the end zone is equipped with turntable three 4, which is divided into eighteen small area modules, corresponding to the eighteen commonly used techniques at the end of composition, namely: natural ending method, first and last anaphora method, argumentation method, anaphora Thematic method, lyrical ending method, evaluation ending method, death chapter revealing aspiration method, questioning method, quoting poetry syntax, scenery contrasting method, situation reproduction method, warning eye-catching method, false and real dislocation method, blank expansion method, additional postscript method, Unexpected method, unfolding imagination method, dream point method;
Such asPicture 10As shown, the turntable 52 is set at the bottom right of the matrix plate, divided into inner and outer circles. The inner circle is marked with four angle names and angles for scene description, namely: natural scene, description angle, description method, description function; outer circle marking There are thirty-four techniques in common use, among which there are twenty-two kinds of natural scenery: blue sky and white clouds, green mountains and green water, flowers and birds, singing and dancing, birds and beasts, chickens and dogs, wind, frost, rain and snow, sun, moon and stars, day and night , Ancient city deep alleys, village houses, hills and fields, country roads, mountain springs and streams, rivers and lakes, morning fog and sunset, morning bells and evening drums, wasteland deserts, snowy glaciers, foreign barriers, traffic, and tall buildings; corresponding to the description angle of the scenery Four types: vision—color, form, smell—freshness, fragrance, fragrance, touch—hardness, softness, coolness, coldness, hearing—sound; there are four description methods: dynamic and static combination, objective and subjective, contrasting contrast, line drawing ; There are four functions: explaining the time, place, scene, revealing the background of the work, rendering the atmosphere, showing the character of the characters and promoting the development of the story.
The teaching demonstration method of the present invention is as follows:
The first step is to read the writing requirements, enter the composition proposition form module in topic area A, and identify the composition topic proposition form according to the labeling of modules a to d;
The second step is to enter the fixed name module in the title area B according to the composition topic format, and initially determine the writing object and the intention according to the Ⅰ review question and the second idea module;
The third step is to enter the functional area according to the writing object and intention, and rotate the dial four to select the writing style and the corresponding expression method; rotate the dial two 8, the arrow indicator 12 to select the specific writing structure;
The fourth step is to rotate the turntable 5 and the arrow indicator 12 to select the beginning technique; rotate the turntable 3 to 4, and the arrow indicator 12 to select the beginning technique; for scene-related composition, you can rotate the turntable 5 and the arrow indicator 12 to select the scene description Related techniques. Adjust the nut 14, fix the telescopic rod 9 and the color line 10, and initially determine the structure and plot of the representative article, the corresponding paragraph and word count requirements;
The fifth step is to list the writing outline according to the above demonstration and requirements;
The sixth step is to check the outline content and structure, whether the outline content meets the requirements of the functional area L content module, and whether the outline subject meets the functional area P module requirements.
The teaching aid for composition teaching of the present invention is described in detail above with reference to the drawings and specific implementations. However, the present invention is not limited to the content described above. In short, within the scope of knowledge possessed by those skilled in the art, various changes made without departing from the concept of the present invention still fall within the protection scope of the present invention.