Fruit collector

A harvester and fruit technology, applied in picking machines, agricultural machinery and implements, applications, etc., can solve the problems of fruit damage, low efficiency, low work efficiency, time-consuming and labor-intensive problems, and achieve convenient insertion and removal Effect

Pending Publication Date: 2019-01-18
ARMY ENG UNIV OF PLA
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

The former is time-consuming and labor-intensive with low work efficien...
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Method used

As shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, one side of the fixed ring 41 extends outwards an extension 411, and the radial section of the fixed ring 41 is rectangular, and the outside of the extension 411 is provided with a connecting sleeve 44, and the fixed ring 41 passes through the connecting sleeve 44 is connected to the bar 2. The splice ring 2 is connected to the extension portion 411 of the fixed ring 41 by a connecting portion 412 made of bendable soft material. The splice ring 42 is provided with a rectangular groove 421 matching the rectangular section of the fixed ring. The two parallel walls of the groove are extended out of the extension wall 4211 by elastically bendable soft material. The extension wall 4211 of the insertion ring 2 can reduce the depth of the hard groove wall of the rectangular groove 421, preventing the insertion ring 2 from being stuck on the fixed ring 41 when it is inserted into the fixed ring 41 in a rotating form, and cannot be effectively inserted, as shown in the figure 7. Through the elastic bending of the extension wall 4211, as shown in Figure 8, the rectangular groove 421 is smoothly inserted into the fixed ring 41 through flexible guidance, so that the rectangular groove 421 on the insertion ring 2 is ...
the structure of the environmentally friendly knitted fabric provided by the present invention; figure 2 Flow chart of the yarn wrapping machine for environmentally friendly knitted fabrics and storage devices; image 3 Is the parameter map of the yarn covering machine
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fruit collector. The fruit collector comprises a rod, wherein a picking unit and a collecting unit are arranged at the upper end of the rod, and a picking control unit is arranged at the upper end of the rod; the picking unit comprises a first cutting piece and a second cutting piece, and the second cutting piece is hinged to the first cutting piece and forms a crossed cutting notch with the first cutting piece; the picking control unit comprises a holding handle, a rotating handle and a wire soft shaft, wherein the rotating handle is hinged to the holding handle, oneend of the wire soft shaft is connected with the first cutting piece or the second cutting piece, and the other end of the wire soft shaft is connected with the holding handle; the collecting unit comprises a fixing ring, a collecting bag, and a insertion ring, wherein the fixing ring is located under the picking unit, the opening end of the collecting bag winds the fixing ring, and the insertionring is in inserted connection with the fixing ring to fix the collecting bag onto the fixing ring. The fruit collector has the advantages that people are assisted in efficiently picking fruits whichare difficult to pick at high places, the picked fruits fall into the collecting bag under the picking unit, the fruits cannot be damaged due to falling from the high places, the fresh original stateof the fruits can be well maintained, and the collecting bag collects and removes the fruits very conveniently.

Application Domain

Technology Topic

Image

  • Fruit collector
  • Fruit collector
  • Fruit collector

Examples

  • Experimental program(3)

Example Embodiment

[0028] Example 1
[0029] Such as figure 1 , The fruit collector of the present invention includes a picking unit 1, a picking control unit 3, a collection unit 4 and a rod 2. The picking unit 3 and the collection unit 4 are arranged at the upper end of the rod 2 (the upper and lower ends of the rod are according to the working time The use state of the picking control unit 3 is set at the lower end of the rod 2. The collection unit 4 includes a fixed ring 41, an insertion ring 42 and a collection bag 43, and the fixed ring 41 is located below the picking sheet 1. Such as figure 2 , The open end 431 of the collection bag 43 is wound on the fixing ring, and the insertion ring 42 is inserted into the fixing ring wound around the open end 431 of the collection bag 43 to fix the collection bag on the fixing ring. Such as image 3 The picking unit 1 includes a first cutting piece 11 and a second cutting piece 12, the two cutting pieces are hinged to form a cross cutting opening 10. Such as Figure 4 , The picking control unit 3 includes a holding handle 31, a rotating handle 32 and a steel wire flexible shaft 33. The rotating handle 32 is hinged to the holding handle 31. One end of the steel wire flexible shaft 33 is connected to the first clip 11 or the second clip 12, and one end Connect with the holding handle 31.
[0030] The first shearing piece 11 and the second shearing piece 12 in the picking unit 1 are hinged with bolts and nuts, so that they can rotate to each other to form a cross-cutting opening 10. In order to better guide this rotation, a circular arc groove 111 is provided on the first clip 11 with the hinge point of the first clip and the second clip as the arc center, and the second clamping body is provided The sliding block 121 adapted to the circular arc groove is placed in the groove 111 in the circular arc groove, and slides along the circular arc groove when the two shears rotate with each other. In addition, in order to facilitate the connection between the steel wire flexible shaft 33 and the clip, a fixing nail 15 is provided on the outer surface of the second clip, and one end of the steel wire flexible shaft 33 is connected to the fixing nail 15.
[0031] The first clip 11 and the second clip 12 can be picked with the formed cross clip 10, but the picking unit of the present invention is also provided with a first clamping body 13 and a second clamping body 14. The first clamping body The first clamping body and the second clamping body are respectively connected to the first clip and the second clip. The first clamping body and the second clamping body are composed of clamping bodies 131, 141 and toothed pieces 132, 142. The clamping body It is made of plastic, and the toothed piece is made of rubber. The end faces of the first clamping body 13 and the second clamping body 14 opposite to the cross cutting 10 are respectively connected to the toothed pieces 132, 142, and the toothed surface is higher than the cross cutting. Cut the mouth 10. When picking, the first shearing piece 11 and the second shearing 12 rotate relatively, and the two toothed pieces will clamp the fruit as the corresponding shearing pieces approach each other. Since the toothed piece is made of rubber material, the two toothed pieces are holding In the case of fruit, compared to the effect of fingers holding the fruit, even if the gripping force is large, the fruit will generally not be lost.
[0032] The clamping bodies 131 and 141 have a certain thickness, which can increase the clamping area, thereby reducing the clamping pressure on the unit area of ​​the picked fruit during clamping. The clamping bodies 131 and 141 have a cavity structure, which on the one hand can reduce the weight of the hand held during operation, and can also reduce material consumption and reduce costs.
[0033] Such as Figure 5 , Image 6 An extension part 411 extends outward from one side of the fixing ring 41, the radial cross section of the fixing ring 41 is rectangular, and a connecting sleeve 44 is provided outside the extension part 411, and the fixing ring 41 is connected to the rod 2 through the connecting sleeve 44. The connecting part 412 of the insert ring 2 made of a flexible soft material is connected to the extension part 411 of the fixing ring 41, and the insert ring 42 is provided with a rectangular groove 421 that matches the rectangular section of the fixing ring. The two parallel groove walls of the groove extend out of the extension wall 4211 from a soft material that can be bent elastically. The extension wall 4211 of the insertion ring 2 can reduce the depth of the hard groove wall of the rectangular groove 421, and prevent the insertion ring 2 from being stuck on the fixing ring 41 when it is inserted into the fixing ring 41 in a rotating manner, and cannot be effectively inserted, such as Figure 7 , Through the elastic bending of the extension wall 4211, such as Figure 8 , Carry out flexible guidance so that the rectangular groove 421 is smoothly inserted into the fixing ring 41, so that the rectangular groove 421 on the insertion ring 2 is finally completely inserted into the fixing ring 41, such as Picture 9. At the same time, the extension wall 4211 increases the groove depth of the rectangular groove 421, so that the insertion depth of the insertion ring 42 and the fixing ring 41 is increased without increasing the height of the insertion ring 2, so that the collection bag 43 can be fixed more reliably On the fixed ring 41.
[0034] Combine image 3 And see Picture 10 One end of the first clip 11 is provided with a connecting handle 112, and at least two first connecting holes 113 are provided on the connecting handle 112. The rod 2 connected to it is a telescopic hollow rod, and the corresponding end is provided with The connecting groove 21 to which the handle fits, and the corresponding connecting groove position is provided with a second connecting hole 22 that matches the first connecting hole; the first clamping body is inserted into the connecting groove through the connecting handle, and the bolt 45 penetrates the first The connecting hole and the second connecting hole are screwed with a nut, so that the connecting first clip is fixed on the rod 2.
[0035] In the actual installation operation, before fixing the first clip 11 to the rod 2, the fixing ring 41 at the lower part of the picking unit 1 needs to be fixed on the rod 2. The fixing ring 41 is sleeved on the rod 2 through a connecting sleeve, and is axially limited by a bolt 45 used to connect the first shear 11 to the upper end of the rod 2 to connect it to the rod 2, thereby simplifying the fixing ring 41 installation structure and installation process.
[0036] The rear end of the holding handle 32 in the picking control unit 3 is provided with a handle 32 for holding; the front end of the holding handle 32 is provided with a connecting seat for connecting rods, and the connecting seat is provided with a rear end of the rod. A matching connecting hole 331, the connecting hole 331 of the picking control unit 3 is tightly fitted to the rear end of the rod and connected to the rod. The middle part of the holding handle 32 is hinged to the locking plate 35 and is provided with a rotating groove 321. The upper end of the rotating handle 33 is placed in the rotating groove 321, and the rotating handle 33 is hinged on the holding handle 32 through a pin 37. The rotating handle 32 The lower part is provided with a second fixing nail 3 for connecting the other end of the steel wire flexible shaft 31. One end is connected to the steel wire flexible shaft 33 of the first fixing nail 15, and the other end passes through the hollow cavity of the rod 2 and is connected to the second fixing nail 36. After the length of the steel wire flexible shaft 33 is adjusted, the steel wire is locked by the locking plate 35 The tension of the flexible shaft 33. When the rotating handle 32 is pulled by a finger, the flexible wire shaft 33 will be pulled to make the second clip 12 rotate relative to the second clip 11, thereby clamping the fruit or stem to be clamped, and operating the upper end of the rod 2 to move Pull the fruit, and the fruit will fall into the collection bag 43.

Example Embodiment

[0037] Example 2
[0038] Such as Picture 11 In this embodiment, the first clamping body 13 and the second clamping body 14 are respectively connected to the outer side of the first clip 11 and the inner side of the second clip 12, and the thickness of the second clip 14 is the same as The superimposed thickness of the first clamping body 13 and the first clip 11 is equivalent, the first fixing nail 15 is arranged on the first clamping body 13, one end of the steel wire flexible shaft 33 is connected to the fixing nail 15, and the other end passes through The rod goes around the locking plate 35 and is connected to the second fixing nail 36 of the rotating handle. During the extraction operation, the finger pulls the rotating handle 32 to pull the steel wire flexible shaft 33 to rotate the first clip 11 relative to the second clip 12.
[0039] The other structure and working principle of this embodiment are the same as the above-mentioned embodiment 1, and will not be repeated.

Example Embodiment

[0040] Example 3
[0041] Such as Picture 12 In this embodiment, the first clamping body 13 and the second clamping body 14 are respectively connected to the inner sides of the first clip 11 and the second clip 12, and the thickness of the first clip body 13 and the second clip The thickness of the holding body 14 is equivalent, and the first fixing nail 15 is arranged on the outer surface of the first clip 11. In addition, the rod 2 in this embodiment is a bamboo rod, the flexible steel wire shaft cannot pass through the rod, and the flexible steel wire shaft 31 is guided from the outside of the rod to the picking control unit 3 at the lower end of the rod, such as Picture 10 , One end of the flexible steel wire shaft 31 bypasses the locking plate 35 and is connected to the second fixing nail 36 of the rotating handle. During the extraction operation, the finger pulls the rotating handle 32 to pull the steel wire flexible shaft 33 to rotate the first clip 11 relative to the second clip 12.
[0042] The other structure and working principle of this embodiment are the same as the above-mentioned embodiment 1, and will not be repeated.
the structure of the environmentally friendly knitted fabric provided by the present invention; figure 2 Flow chart of the yarn wrapping machine for environmentally friendly knitted fabrics and storage devices; image 3 Is the parameter map of the yarn covering machine
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Description & Claims & Application Information

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the structure of the environmentally friendly knitted fabric provided by the present invention; figure 2 Flow chart of the yarn wrapping machine for environmentally friendly knitted fabrics and storage devices; image 3 Is the parameter map of the yarn covering machine
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