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2688 results about "Cutting" patented technology

A plant cutting is a piece of a plant that is used in horticulture for vegetative (asexual) propagation. A piece of the stem or root of the source plant is placed in a suitable medium such as moist soil. If the conditions are suitable, the plant piece will begin to grow as a new plant independent of the parent, a process known as striking. A stem cutting produces new roots, and a root cutting produces new stems. Some plants can be grown from leaf pieces, called leaf cuttings, which produce both stems and roots. The scions used in grafting are also called cuttings.

Planting method of Chinese trichosanthes

The invention relates to a planting method of Chinese trichosanthes, belonging to the technical field of plantation and comprising the steps of: variety breeding, seedling reproduction, transplanting, field management, disease and pest control, harvesting and processing, wherein the variety breeding step includes the sub-steps of the tests in different production places, amplification and verification tests, resistance test, field pest investigation and trichosanthes nematode control; the seedling reproduction step includes the sub-steps of seed reproduction and root reproduction; the transplanting step includes the sub-steps of land selection and preparation, ridging, reproduction and planting, planting method implementation and field management; the land selection and preparation step includes the sub-steps of detection on chemical characteristic of soil, basic fertilizer application and disinfection; the reproduction and planting step includes the sub-steps of seed bud selection, rood cutting and breeding, planting and shed putting up; the planting method implementation step includes the sub-steps of planning density control and staminiferous plant matching; the filed management step includes the sub-steps of intertillagement and weeding, top application, shed putting up, pruning and cold prevention, in particular to intertillagement and weeding, root airing, intercrop, earthing, vine supporting and racking, top application, pruning, flower and fruit protection, chemical control and foliage application; and the disease and pest control step includes the sub-steps of control of diseases and pest and control method implementation.

Process for biochemically treating cut stems

The invention discloses a process for biochemically treating cut stems, which comprises working flows of stem washing, deep stem washing, surface dehydration of tobacco stems, stem baking, stem cutting, enzyme treatment, large-scale feeding and the like. The process, through deep stem washing, reduces the content of chloride ions and nitrate of the tobacco stems, improves the mouthfeel, and improves the safety; the process, through compound enzyme treatment, makes components which are not favorable for the taste in the tobacco stems reduced and components which are favorable for the taste increased so as to finally improve the inherent quality of the cut stems; and the process takes the processed cut stems as a carrier to add a natural tobacco extract to supplement the natural tobacco aroma, thereby improving the taste quality of the tobacco stems, and finally widening the using range of the cut stems.
Owner:上海德明生物科技有限公司 +3

Chinese rose water planting cutting propagation method

A Chinese rose water planting cutting propagation method belongs to the field of research on plant propagation and aims to solve the problems that in Chinese rose cutting, the humidity and temperature are hard to control, a cutting base substrate easily carries diseases and insect pests, the cutting nutrition is quickly consumed and the like. The method can realize the cutting propagation annually, is good in environment controllability and has the survival rate of more than 95%. The method comprises the steps of selection and processing of cutting slips, preparation of a nutrient solution, water planting, daily management and seedling hardening and transplanting. The cutting slips are cut by 10-15cm, and are soaked in a 500-diluted 30% carbendazin emulsion for 5-15 minutes, the lower parts of the cutting slips are soaked in a 30-50mg/Kg ABT NO.2 rooting powder solution for 2-4 hours, are placed into a self-made cutting box, and are cultured by a 1/2 Hoagland nutrient solution of which the temperature is 20-25 DEG C, the cutting slips are aerated by 2-3 times every day, the nutrient solution is replaced every 7 days, when cutting seedling roots grow to 1-2cm long, the cutting slips are transplanted into a field, and are watered once every day, the watering frequency is gradually reduced after four days, direct light is avoided, and the cutting slips can survive in 8-10 days.

Method for cutting propagation by utilizing lithocarpus polystachyus epicormic branches

InactiveCN103814745ALarge amount of rootingPromote recoveryHorticultureLithocarpusEconomic benefits
The invention relates to a method for cutting propagation by utilizing lithocarpus polystachyus epicormic branches. The method is characterized by comprising the working procedures of cutting bed preparation, cutting slips acquisition and processing, cutting and post-cutting management, cutting in a seedling raising garden by utilizing the lithocarpus polystachyus epicormic branches, and obtaining high-quality lithocarpus polystachyus nursery-grown plants through controlling illumination, relative humidity and water content of a substrate. The method utilizing the lithocarpus polystachyus epicormic branches belongs to a vegetative propagation means, and has the advantage of being capable of maintaining excellent characteristics of seed trees. Compared with sowing seedlings, the cutting seedlings are obviously increased in growth speed, large in growth amount and high in adaptability in the initial stage after being planted. The method is simple and feasible, high in efficiency, low in cost, high in propagation speed and high in propagation coefficient, the characteristics of excellent strains can be well maintained, limitation to the time and the season is avoided, the propagation efficiency and continuity are facilitated, and the method can be directly applied to actual production and has better economic benefits, social benefits and ecological benefits.

Improved American red maple twig cutting propagation method

The invention relates to an improved American red maple twig cutting propagation method and belongs to the technical field of plant cultivation. The improved American red maple twig cutting propagation method comprises the steps that (1) a disinfected hot bed is set up on a selected breeding ground, arc frames are arranged on a seedbed, and disinfected cutting mediums are laid in the seedbed; (2) a half-lignified twig is cut from an improved American red maple maternal plant, and the twig is cut into a cutting slip with a length of 8-10 cm and with two buds and two pieces of half leaves; (3) the lower incision of the cutting slip is soaked in rooting agent, rooting powder solution, and hormone solution to facilitate rooting; (4) the cutting slip is inserted in the seedbed mediums, the depth of insertion is 2-4 cm, the density is that the space in the rows is 5cm and the space between rows is 6 cm, and the leaves face the same direction; and (5) the mediums are watered thoroughly after the cutting slip is implanted in, then a plastic thin film and a shading net are covered on the arc frames, and management after implanting begins. According to the improved American red maple twig cutting propagation method, the operation is simple without restrictions of regions and weather conditions, the speed of reproduction is fast, rate of survival is more than 95%, an improved American red maple seedling obtained is developed in root system and good in quality, and thus market prospects are broad.

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens rti472 compositions and methods of use for benefiting plant growth and treating plant disease

Compositions and methods include a new strain of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens having activity against plant pathogens. The compositions are useful for benefiting plant growth and / or conferring protection against a pathogenic infection when applied to plant foliage, flowers, fruits, bark, roots, seeds, callus tissue, grafts, cuttings, surrounding soil or growth medium, and soil or growth medium concomitant with sowing seed and planting callus tissue, grafts, and cuttings. The compositions containing the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RTI472 strain ca n be applied alone or in combination with other microbial, biological, or chemical insecticides, fungicides, nematicides, bacteriocides, herbicides, plant extracts, plant growth regulators, or fertilizers. In one example, the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RTI472 strain can be delivered to the plant as part of an integrated pest management program, with other microbial or chemical insecticides, fungicides, nematicides, bacteriocides, herbicides, plant extracts, and plant growth regulators.

Method for promoting lateral rooting of annual carya illinoensis seed seedling

The invention belongs to the technical field of fruit trees and forestry cultivation, and discloses a method for promoting the lateral rooting of a annual carya illinoensis seed seedling, the root of a sprouting carya illinoensis seed seedling is mechanically cut, and a pair of scissors is utilized to cut the part below the fibrous root; and the seedling which is subjected to mechanical root cutting is transplanted into a nutrition pot, melon seed-shaped pebbles are laid on the bottom of the nutrition pot for 5 centimeters, and a nylon net is cushioned on the melon seed-shaped pebbles. A matrix is put in a container, the seedling is transplanted in a facility which is cold-proof and sun-proof for one month, a furrow which has the width of 13 centimeters and the depth of 20 centimeters is defined in a seedbed of a land, and the row spacing of the furrow is 30 centimeters. A layer of non-woven fabric is laid at the bottom of the furrow, a chemical rooting-resistant agent is coated on the non-woven fabric, and the nutrition pots which are planted with the seedlings are put on the non-woven fabric according to the planting distance of 20 centimeters, and are fixed finally. The water and fertilizer management period is normally carried out. The method can be used for effectively promoting the lateral rooting of the carya illinoensis seed seedling.
Owner:南京绿宙薄壳山核桃科技有限公司 +1

Propagation method of lithocarpus polysachyus rehd young stock grafting container-grown seedling

The invention discloses a propagation method of a lithocarpus polysachyus rehd young stock grafting container-grown seedling. The propagation method comprises the operation steps of young stock cultivation and grafting propagation, and is characterized in that a common lithocarpus polysachyus rehd seed is selected, is immersed for one day before being sowed, is dressed by a dipterex solution and then is stored in wet sand, the germinant seed is taken out from the wet sand and is used for culturing a stock in a container for seedling growth, after the nursery stock comes out of the ground, water and fertilizer management and plant diseases and insect pests prevention and control are reinforced, when the ground diameter of the young seedling reaches up to more than 0.3cm, the young seedling can be used for grafting, a half lignified branch is collected from an excellent lithocarpus polysachyus rehd seed tree and serves as a cutting for grafting, a cut-grafting method is adopted for grafting, when young sprouts come out from the cutting, a plastic film is uncovered, sprouts growing on the stock are timely removed, and fertilization application is stopped when winter comes, so that the grafted seedling is enabled to be fully lignified, and the grafted seedling can be taken out of a garden for forest planting in the spring next year. The method is capable of keeping the excellent characteristics of the seed tree, is high in survival rate, is simple and convenient, is easy to popularize, and is suitable for large-scale production and operation for a leaf forest of dwarfing and intensively cultivated lithocarpus polysachyus rehd.

Cultivation method for seedless roxburgh roses

The invention discloses a cultivation method for seedless roxburgh roses. The cultivation method for the seedless roxburgh roses comprises the following steps: selecting a piece of land which is provided with good organic matter, a convenient water source condition and is not waterlogged due to low-lying condition; ditching according to a 1.2 m ridge surface, enabling a ridge depth to be 32cm, crushing soil finely, applying well-rotted farmyard manure 1500kg or compound fertilizer 120 kg to per mu (mu is a unit of area, and one mu equals to about 666.67 square meters), finishing seedbed soil preparation, and irrigating the seedbed land until the seedbed land is permeated with water at a time the day before cutting; utilizing healthy branches pruned in winter as cuttings or establishing a female parent garden for supplying cuttings, planting the seedless roxburgh roses of a year, enabling the base of every roxburgh rose to germinate 4-5 branches and the roxburgh roses to grow vigorously so that large numbers of the branches can be used for cuttings for cutting, cutting the cuttings and keeping two germs on every cutting sections after panicle removal of the cuttings to make sure that at least one germ survives in case the other germ is damaged after cutting, preparing 50 PPM (parts per million) solution of APD (aphidicolin) rooting powder for dipping the roots of the cutting sections before cutting, dipping the cutting bases in the solution for 5 minutes and laying for 4-8 h after the dipping, and then performing cutting; cutting; managing; and moving out of the garden and transplanting. According to the cultivation method for the seedless roxburgh roses, the survival rate of transplanting is high, the quality is good and the yield per mu is high.

Identification method for stressed state of water fertilizer of greenhouse crop on basis of computer vision technology

The invention relates to an identification method for a stressed state of a water fertilizer of a greenhouse crop on basis of a computer vision technology. According to the identification method provided by the invention, a crop under a greenhouse environment is taken as a research object; a computer vision monitoring platform is constructed; a plant image cutting method which adapts to the change in natural illumination and a complex scene is researched; an obtained plant blade image is extracted at the aspects of morphology, color, grain and the like, and sufficient characteristic sets are constructed; a heuristic search algorithm, such as a genetic algorithm, a simulated annealing algorithm, an ant colony algorithm, a particle swarm optimization, or the like, is combined with a neural network technique for searching for the optimal characteristic subset; and a BP (Back Propagation) neural network is utilized to identify a stressed characteristic of the crop. A camera is moved by using a horizontal positioning system, so that the plant image is all-dimensionally obtained; the algorithm operation is realized by using a CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) hardware platform, so as to meet the real-time demand on monitoring; and the invention provides a technical method for measuring destructiveness under the stressed state of the water fertilizer of the greenhouse crop and the application prospect is wide.

Method for culturing large eucalyptus seedlings

The invention discloses a method for culturing large eucalyptus seedlings. The method comprises the following technical steps: 1. selection of seedling field; 2. preparation of a plug seedling bed; 3.preparation and sterilization of matrix soil; 4. selection and treatment of ear rods and tissue culture seedlings; 5. cutting and plug transplantation of the tissue culture seedlings, wherein, the cutting seedlings are vertically inserted in the midpoint of holes at depth of 1.5-2cm; and the tissue culture seedlings are directly transplanted to the prepared plug seedling bed; 6. water and fertilizer management; 7. transplantation in vessels: the seedlings are cultured in the plugs for about 50-70 days, and terminal buds are newly extracted to 2-3cm; when the root systems of most of nursery stocks are lumped, the seedlings in the plugs are transplanted to a black polyethylene plastic nursery cup with 8*8 (cm) for culturing the large seedlings; and 8. culture of the large seedlings: the transplanted young seedlings are placed in a shading arched cover for culture, and a shading net is gradually opened for hardening the seedlings at the later period; water and fertilizer management is strengthened; and then the seedlings are removed out of a seedling nursery and planted in a mountain for afforestation in the case of seedling height up to 35-50cm and ground stems up to more than 0.25cm, fertilization is stopped 10 days before afforestation, and the nursery stocks are applied with transferring fertilizer by 0.3% of complex fertilizer once 1-2 days before outplanting.

Three-dimensional cultivation method for cortex phellodendri and rhizoma paridis interplanting

The invention discloses a three-dimensional cultivation method for cortex phellodendri and rhizoma paridis interplanting. The three-dimensional cultivation method comprises the steps of cortex phellodendri planting, rhizoma paridis planting, field management, fertilization management, irrigation management and pest control. Interplanting is carried out in winter and spring, and a low-mountain yellow earth thick-layer three-dimensional land type is selected; cave-shaped soil preparation is adopted for cortex phellodendri, the height of each transplanted seedling is larger than or equal to 50 cm, and the ground diameter is larger than or equal to 1 cm; after ten to fourteen months of cortex phellodendri transplantation, rhizoma paridis transplantation is carried out, bedding is carried out between cortex phellodendri rows, tubers, with buds, of rhizoma paridis are transplanted to beds; a survey of the survival rate of the cortex phellodendri is carried out on the cortex phellodendri after two months of cortex phellodendri planting, a survey of the survival rate of the rhizoma paridis is carried out on the rhizoma paridis after six months of rhizoma paridis planting, and seedling supplement, weeding, soil loosening and pest control are carried out in time; when the overshadowing rate of the cortex phellodendri is lager than 65%, pruning or crossing or intermediate cutting is carried out to adjust the overshadowing rate; two times of top dressing are carried out in a growing season and in winter respectively, watering is carried out in time after planting is accomplished, watering is carried out in time in a dry season, and drainage needs to be smooth in a rainy season. According to the three-dimensional cultivation method for cortex phellodendri and rhizoma paridis interplanting, combined and targeted optimized cultivation of the cortex phellodendri and the rhizoma paridis is achieved, the yield of the cortex phellodendri and the yield of the rhizoma paridis are increased, quality of the cortex phellodendri and quality of the rhizoma paridis are improved, the economic benefit is remarkable, and the popularization and application value is high.

Garden plant waste composting method

The invention discloses a garden plant waste composting method. The method comprises the following steps: (1) collecting garden plant wastes, and sorting the wastes; (2) trimming the branches, and the cutting the trimmed branches into pieces; (3) placing the pieces into a fermentation tank, adding a conditioning agent and EM bacterium agent, and then adjusting the organic substance content, water content, and carbon/nitrogen ratio to carry out primary compost fermentation; (4) grinding the compost to obtain compost powder; (5) placing the compost powder into the fermentation tank again, adding a compost decomposing agent and compost auxiliary materials, evenly mixing, and controlling the water content, temperature, introduced gas amount, carbon/nitrogen ratio, carbon/phosphorus ratio, and pH to carry out secondary compost fermentation; (6) stacking the secondary compost in an aging warehouse, blowing air into the warehouse to promote heat dissipation and water evaporation, and finally storing the qualified decomposed compost in a warehouse after detection. The method has the advantages of simple operation, rapid fermentation, and low production cost and is suitable for massive production in factory. Furthermore, the quality of the produced compost is high.
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