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13664 results about "Powder" patented technology

A powder is a dry, bulk solid composed of many very fine particles that may flow freely when shaken or tilted. Powders are a special sub-class of granular materials, although the terms powder and granular are sometimes used to distinguish separate classes of material. In particular, powders refer to those granular materials that have the finer grain sizes, and that therefore have a greater tendency to form clumps when flowing. Granulars refers to the coarser granular materials that do not tend to form clumps except when wet.

Additive manufacturing of three-dimensional articles

The present invention relates to a method for forming a three-dimensional article through successively depositing individual layers of powder material that are fused together so as to form the article, said method comprising the steps of: providing at least one electron beam source emitting an electron beam for heating and / or fusing said powder material. Controlling the electron beam source in a first mode when said formation of said three dimensional article is in a first process step. Controlling said electron beam in a second mode when said formation of said three dimensional article is in a second process step, wherein in said first mode an electron beam current from said electron beam source is controlled in a feed-forward mode and in said second mode said electron beam current is controlled in a feed-back mode.

Bulletproof lightweight metal matrix macrocomposites with controlled structure and manufacture the same

The lightweight bulletproof metal matrix macrocomposites (MMMC) contain (a) 10-99 vol. % of permeable skeleton structure of titanium, titanium aluminide, Ti-based alloys, and / or mixtures thereof infiltrated with low-melting metal selected from Al, Mg, or their alloys, and (b) 1-90 vol. % of ceramic and / or metal inserts positioned within said skeleton, whereby a normal projection area of each of said inserts is equal to or larger than the cross-section area of a bullet or a projectile body. The MMMC are manufactured as flat or solid-shaped, double-layer, or multi-layer articles containing the same inserts or different inserts in each layer, whereby insert projections of each layer cover spaces between inserts of the underlying layer. The infiltrated metal contains 1-70 wt. % of Al and Mg in the balance, optionally, alloyed with Ti, Si, Zr, Nb, V, as well as with 0-3 wt. % of TiB2, SiC, or Si3N4 sub-micron powders, to promote infiltrating and wetting by Al-containing alloys. The manufacture includes (a) forming the permeable metal powder and inserts into the skeleton-structured preform by positioning inserts in the powder followed by loose sintering in vacuum to provide the average porosity of 20-70%, (b) heating and infiltrating the porous preform with molten infiltrating metal for 10-40 min at 450-750° C., (c) hot isostatic pressing of the infiltrated composite, and (d) re-sintering or diffusion annealing.

Laser additive manufacture of three-dimensional components containing multiple materials formed as integrated systems

Methods for laser additive manufacture are disclosed in which a plurality of powder layers (48, 50 and 52) are delivered onto a working surface (54A) to form a multi-powder deposit containing at least two adjacent powders layers in contact, and then applying a first laser energy (74) to a first powder layer (48) and a second laser energy (76) to a second powder layer (52) to form a section plane of a multi-material component. The multi-powder deposit may include a flux composition that provides at least one protective feature. The shapes, intensities and trajectories of the first and second laser energies may be independently controlled such that their widths are less than or equal to widths of the first and second powder layers, their intensities are tailored to the compositions of the powder layers, and their scan paths define the final shape of the multi-material component.

Controlled densification of fusible powders in laser sintering

The invention relates to a method producing parts using laser sintering wherein a fusible powder is exposed to a plurality of laser scans at controlled energy levels and for time periods to melt and densify the powder and in the substantial absence of particle bonding outside the fusion boundary. Strength is improved up to 100% compared to previous methods. An example includes a relatively high energy initial scan to melt the powder followed by lower energy scans controlled to densify the melt and separated in time to dissipate heat to the surrounding part cake. The rate and extent to which the powder particles are fused together can be controlled so that each successive scan can be used to fuse the particles together in discreet incremental steps. As a result, the final dimensions of the part and its density and mechanical properties can be improved compared to conventional methods and part growth avoided.

Additive layer manufacturing method

An additive layer manufacturing method includes the steps of: a) laying down powder layer on powder bed, and b) focussing energy on an area of powder layer to fuse area of powder layer and thereby form a cross-section of the product; wherein steps a) and b) are repeated to form successive cross-sections of product, and wherein at least one of said steps b) involves focussing energy on an area of respective powder layer which is unsupported by a previously formed cross-section of product to thereby form a downwardly facing surface of product. Method is at least some of said successive steps b) involve focussing energy on a support area of respective powder layer, to fuse support area and thereby form successive cross-sections of a support pin within powder bed, support pin extending outwardly from downwardly facing surface of product when it is formed, so as to support downwardly facing surface.

Powder metal materials and parts and methods of making the same

InactiveUS20040177719A1Metallic materialsSprocket
Embodiments of the present invention relate to methods of forming powder metals materials and parts. More specifically, certain embodiments of the present invention relate to methods of forming powder metals materials and parts by densifying at least a portion of a surface of the materials and / or parts after sintering and prior to densifying one or more core regions of the materials and / or parts. Other embodiment provide powder metal parts, such as gears and sprockets, having surface regions that are uniformly densified to full density to depth ranging from 0.001 inches to 0.040 inches, and core regions that can have at least 92 percent theoretical density and further can have essentially full density, or full density. Still other embodiments relate to brazed, welded, plated and gas-tight powder metal parts and components that can be made in accordance with the various non-limiting methods disclosed herein.

Macromolecule heat conduction and dissipation blended composite material and automatic preparation method

The invention discloses a macromolecule heat conduction and dissipation blended composite material. The macromolecule heat conduction and dissipation blended composite material is prepared from, by mass, 35-75 parts of matrix resin, 0-10 parts of flexibilizer, 20-50 parts of heat conduction filler, 0.2-1.0 part of antioxidant 1010, 0.2-1.0 part of phosphite ester antioxidant 168, 0.5-1.5 parts of powder surface activation treating agents and 0.5-1.5 parts of lubricant. An automatic preparation method of the macromolecule heat conduction and dissipation blended composite material includes the steps of firstly, conducting surface treating on heat conduction filler for 20 min through powder surface activation treating agents in a high-speed stirring machine; secondly, making the heat conduction filler enter another high-speed stirring machine through an automatic conveying device to be evenly mixed with other materials; thirdly, automatically conveying the mixture obtained in the second step to an internal mixer to be mixed and kneaded for 15 min; fourthly, making the obtained mixture directly enter a double-screw extruder to be extruded and granulated. The prepared heat conduction and dissipation material has the high mechanical property and heat conduction performance, automatic and continuous production is achieved, a large amount of labor is saved, the production period is greatly shortened, the production cost is greatly reduced, and the macromolecule heat conduction and dissipation blended composite material can be widely applied to the fields of LED illumination, electronic electrical appliances, automobiles and the like where good heat conduction and dissipation performance is required.

Lithium-containing composite oxide and its production method

To provide a lithium / nickel / cobalt / manganese-containing composite oxide powder which has a high weight capacity density, a high packing property, an excellent cycle property, an excellent discharge rate property and an excellent safety, and which has little content of free alkalis and is free from gelation at a time of producing a slurry.A lithium / nickel / cobalt / manganese-containing composite oxide powder represented by the formula LipNixCoyMnzMqO2-aFa (wherein M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Al, Ge, Sn, alkaline earth metal elements and transition metal elements other than Co, Mn and Ni, 0.9≦p≦1.1, 0.2≦x≦0.5, 0.2≦y≦0.5, 0.1≦z≦0.4, 0≦q≦0.05, 1.9≦2-a≦2.1, p+x+y+z+q=2, and 0≦a≦0.02), characterized in that when the powder is classified into small particle size-classified particles with an average particle size of 2 μm≦D50≦8 μm and large particle size-classified particles with an average particle size of 10 μm≦D50≦25 μm, the ratio of (% by weight of the small particle size-classified particles) / (% by weight of the large particle size-classified particles) is from 15 / 85 to 40 / 60, the molar ratio (ps) of lithium to the total of nickel, cobalt, manganese and the M element contained in the small particle size-classified particles is smaller than the molar ratio (pl) of lithium to the total of nickel, cobalt, manganese and the M element contained in the large particle size-classified particles.
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