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7118 results about "Thin layer" patented technology

Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) is a chromatography technique used to separate non-volatile mixtures. Thin-layer chromatography is performed on a sheet of glass, plastic, or aluminium foil, which is coated with a thin layer of adsorbent material, usually silica gel, aluminium oxide (alumina), or cellulose.

Thin films

Thin films are formed by formed by atomic layer deposition, whereby the composition of the film can be varied from monolayer to monolayer during cycles including alternating pulses of self-limiting chemistries. In the illustrated embodiments, varying amounts of impurity sources are introduced during the cyclical process. A graded gate dielectric is thereby provided, even for extremely thin layers. The gate dielectric as thin as 2 nm can be varied from pure silicon oxide to oxynitride to silicon nitride. Similarly, the gate dielectric can be varied from aluminum oxide to mixtures of aluminum oxide and a higher dielectric material (e.g., ZrO2) to pure high k material and back to aluminum oxide. In another embodiment, metal nitride (e.g., WN) is first formed as a barrier for lining dual damascene trenches and vias. During the alternating deposition process, copper can be introduced, e.g., in separate pulses, and the copper source pulses can gradually increase in frequency, forming a transition region, until pure copper is formed at the upper surface. Advantageously, graded compositions in these and a variety of other contexts help to avoid such problems as etch rate control, electromigration and non-ohmic electrical contact that can occur at sharp material interfaces. In some embodiments additional seed layers or additional transition layers are provided.

Method for forming thin film

Method for forming a thin film at low temperature by using plasma pulses is disclosed. While a purge gas or a reactant purge gas activated by plasma is continuously supplied into a reactor, a source gas is supplied intermittently into the reactor during which period plasma is generated in the reactor so that the source gas and the purge gas activated by plasma reacts, so that a thin film is formed according to the method. Also, a method for forming a thin layer of film containing a plural of metallic elements, a method for forming a thin metallic film containing varied contents by amount of the metallic elements by using a supercycle Tsupercycle comprising a combination of simple gas supply cycles Tcycle, . . . , and a method for forming a thin film containing continuously varying compositions of the constituent elements by using a supercycle Tsupercycle comprising a combination of simple gas supply cycles Tcycle, . . . , are disclosed. The methods for forming thin films disclosed here allows to shorten the purge cycle duration even if the reactivity between the source gases is high, to reduce the contaminants caused by the gas remaining in the reactor, to form a thin film at low temperature even if the reactivity between the source gases is low, and also to increase the rate of thin film formation.

Electrochemical cell

A method of manufacture of a thin layer electrochemical cell (FIGS. 12, 14) comprising the steps of:forming an aperture (11) extending through a sheet (1) of electrically resistive material, said aperture defining a side wall of the cell,mounting a first thin electrode layer (13) to one side of the sheet and extending over aperture (11) whereby to define a cell first end wall,mounting a second thin electrode layer (13) to the other side of the sheet and extending over aperture (11) whereby to define a second cell end wall in substantial overlying registration with the first electrode, andproviding means (16) for admission of a liquid into the cell.

Antireflective coatings comprising poly(oxyalkylene) colorants

This invention relates to antireflective coatings comprising polymeric polyoxyalkylenated colorants. More particularly, the present invention relates to antireflective coatings for utilization in forming thin layers between reflective substrates and photoresist coatings. Such antireflective coatings are very useful and beneficial within the production and fabrication of semiconductors through photolithographic procedures due to the liquid, non-crystallizing nature of polyoxyalkylenated colorants, and the lack of potentially damaging counterions, metals, and / or electrolytes within the inventive antireflective colored coatings. The inventive coatings may also be applied on lenses, mirrors, and other optical components. Methods of forming such antireflective coatings are also contemplated within this invention.
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