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4757results about "Electric/magnetic detection for well-logging" patented technology

Intergrated reservoir optimization

A method of managing a fluid or gas reservoir is disclosed which assimilates diverse data having different acquisition time scales and spatial scales of coverage for iteratively producing a reservoir development plan that is used for optimizing an overall performance of a reservoir. The method includes: (a) generating an initial reservoir characterization, (b) from the initial reservoir characterization, generating an initial reservoir development plan, (c) when the reservoir development plan is generated, incrementally advancing and generating a capital spending program, (d) when the capital spending program is generated, monitoring a performance of the reservoir by acquiring high rate monitor data from a first set of data measurements taken in the reservoir and using the high rate monitor data to perform well-regional and field-reservoir evaluations, (e) further monitoring the performance of the reservoir by acquiring low rate monitor data from a second set of data measurements taken in the reservoir, (f) assimilating together the high rate monitor data and the low rate monitor data, (g) from the high rate monitor data and the low rate monitor data, determining when it is necessary to update the initial reservoir development plan to produce a newly updated reservoir development plan, (h) when necessary, updating the initial reservoir development plan to produce the newly updated reservoir development plan, and (i) when the newly updated reservoir development plan is produced, repeating steps (c) through (h). A detailed disclosure is provided herein relating to the step (a) for generating the initial reservoir characterization and the step (b) for generating the initial reservoir development plan.
Owner:SCHLUMBERGER TECH CORP

Simulation gridding method and apparatus including a structured areal gridder adapted for use by a reservoir simulator

A Flogrid Simulation Gridding Program includes a Flogrid structured gridder. The structured gridder includes a structured areal gridder and a block gridder. The structured areal gridder will build an areal grid on an uppermost horizon of an earth formation by performing the following steps: (1) building a boundary enclosing one or more fault intersection lines on the horizon, and building a triangulation that absorbs the boundary and the faults; (2) building a vector field on the triangulation; (3) building a web of control lines and additional lines inside the boundary which have a direction that corresponds to the direction of the vector field on the triangulation, thereby producing an areal grid; and (4) post-processing the areal grid so that the control lines and additional lines are equi-spaced or smoothly distributed. The block gridder of the structured gridder will drop coordinate lines down from the nodes of the areal grid to complete the construction of a three dimensional structured grid. A reservoir simulator will receive the structured grid and generate a set of simulation results which are displayed on a 3D Viewer for observation by a workstation operator.
Owner:SCHLUMBERGER TECH CORP

Integrated reservoir optimization

A method of managing a fluid or gas reservoir is disclosed which assimilates diverse data having different acquisition time scales and spatial scales of coverage for iteratively producing a reservoir development plan that is used for optimizing an overall performance of a reservoir. The method includes: (a) generating an initial reservoir characterization, (b) from the initial reservoir characterization, generating an initial reservoir development plan, (c) when the reservoir development plan is generated, incrementally advancing and generating a capital spending program, (d) when the capital spending program is generated, monitoring a performance of the reservoir by acquiring high rate monitor data from a first set of data measurements taken in the reservoir and using the high rate monitor data to perform well-regional and field-reservoir evaluations, (e) further monitoring the performance of the reservoir by acquiring low rate monitor data from a second set of data measurements taken in the reservoir, (f) assimilating together the high rate monitor data and the low rate monitor data, (g) from the high rate monitor data and the low rate monitor data, determining when it is necessary to update the initial reservoir development plan to produce a newly updated reservoir development plan, (h) when necessary, updating the initial reservoir development plan to produce the newly updated reservoir development plan, and (i) when the newly updated reservoir development plan is produced, repeating steps (c) through (h). A detailed disclosure is provided herein relating to the step (a) for generating the initial reservoir characterization and the step (b) for generating the initial reservoir development plan.
Owner:SCHLUMBERGER TECH CORP

Method and apparatus for directional measurement of subsurface electrical properties

A directional induction logging tool is provided for measurement while drilling. This tool is preferably placed in a side pocket of a drill collar, and it comprises transmitter and receiver coils and an electromagnetic reflector. The reflector, which may be a layer of highly conductive material placed between the coils and the body of the drill collar, serves to focus the electromagnetic fields generated and sensed by the tool in the direction away from the reflector, thus providing a directional response to formation conductivity with a relatively high depth of investigation. In preferred embodiments of the invention, magnetically permeable cores are placed within the coils to concentrate the magnetic fields that pass through them. Circuitry is described for balancing the mutual inductive coupling of the coils by injecting a direct current signal through one or more of the coils, which alters the magnetic permeability of the core material. The magnitude of the direct current required to achieve a balanced condition may be derived from the quadrature phase component of the return signal. Circuitry is also provided for generating a transmitted signal and for processing the return signals, including digital-to-analog conversion circuitry for providing digital data for transmission to the surface. This tool may be employed to provide real-time directional conductivity information that may be used to detect and follow bed boundaries in geosteering operations.
Owner:SINCLAIR PAUL L

Electromagnetic imaging method and device

An electromagnetic imaging method for electromagnetically measuring physical parameters of a pipe CJ, CC by means of a plurality of measuring arrangement ZMA, MCMA, MonMa, ImMA comprising a plurality of transmitter coil ZTX, LFTX, DTX and a plurality of receiver coil ZRX1, ZR2, MRX, MC, PRX1, PRX2, PRX3, PRX4, PRX5, PRX6, PRX7, PRX8, PRX9, PRX10, PRX11, PRX12, PRX13, PRX14, PRX15, PRX16, PRX17, PRX18, the transmitter coils and receiver coils being associated so as to form the plurality of measuring arrangement, the plurality of measuring arrangement being adapted to be positioned into the pipe and displaced through the pipe, the physical parameters being measured for a plurality of position along the pipe, the method comprising the steps of:
  • a) determining a first value of an average ratio of magnetic permeability to electrical conductivity and a first value of an average inner diameter of the pipe Z-MES,
  • b) determining an average electromagnetic thickness of the pipe MC-MES,
  • c) determining a second value of the average ratio of magnetic permeability to electrical conductivity and a second value of the average inner diameter of the pipe Mon-MES according to excitation frequencies which are substantially lower than the excitation frequencies used to determine the first values Z-MES,
  • d) determining a first image EMTIM of the pipe electromagnetic thickness and the pipe defects Im-MES,
  • e) discriminating the defects at an inside perimeter of the pipe from the defects at an outside perimeter of the pipe Dis-MES, and
  • f) forming a corrected first image IOFIM of the pipe taking into account a position of the defects.
Owner:SCHLUMBERGER TECH CORP

Determining electrical conductivity of a laminated earth formation using induction logging

A method is provided for determining an electric conductivity of an earth formation formed of different earth layers, which earth formation is penetrated by a wellbore containing a wellbore fluid, is provided. The method includes the steps of: lowering an induction logging tool into the wellbore to a location surrounded by a selected one of the earth layers, the tool having a magnetic field transmitter effective to induce magnetic fields of different frequencies in the earth formation, and a magnetic field receiver effective to receive response magnetic fields and to provide a signal representative of each response magnetic field, at least one of the transmitter and the receiver having a plurality of magnetic dipole moments in mutually orthogonal directions. At least two of the different frequencies are selected, and for each selected frequency, the transmitter is operated so as to induce a magnetic field in the earth formation and the receiver is operated so as to provide a signal representing a response magnetic field, wherein the at least one of the transmitter and receiver is operated in the mutually orthogonal directions. The signals are combined in a manner so as to create a combined signal having a reduced dependency on the electric conductivity in the wellbore region. The formation resistivity and the relative orientation of the logging tool with respect to the formation layering is determined from the combined signal.
Owner:SHELL OIL CO
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