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119907 results about "Electrical battery" patented technology

An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars. When a battery is supplying electric power, its positive terminal is the cathode and its negative terminal is the anode.

Method for utilizing temperature to determine a battery state

A method for determining the state of a battery, or battery pack, that is independent of the type of battery technology under test. The method employs one or more charging and discharging cycles, and measures one or more parameters of battery voltage, temperature, charging time, and charging cycle counts to produce a test value that is compared to empirical data. Based on the comparison, the state is determined, for example, on a pass / fail basis. The method may be embodied as instructions stored in memory and implemented by means of a microprocessor coupled to the memory. In another embodiment, the empirical data is stored within another memory located internal to the battery pack under test.

Electrochemical cell

A method for determining the concentration of a reduced (or oxidised) form of a redox species in an electrochemical cell of the kind comprising a working electrode and a counter electrode spaced from the working electrode by a predetermined distance, said method comprising the steps of: (1) applying an electric potential difference between the electrodes; (2) selecting the potential of the working electrode such that the rate of electro-oxidation of the reduced form (or electro-reduction of the oxidised form) of the species is diffusion controlled, (3) selecting the spacing between the working electrode and the counter electrode so that reaction products from the counter electrode arrive at the working electrode; (4) determining current as a function of time after application of the potential and prior to achievement of a steady state; (5) estimating the magnitude of the steady state current, and (6) obtaining from the change in current with time and the magnitude of the steady state current, a value indicative of the diffusion coefficient and/or of the concentration of the reduced form (or the oxidised form) of the species. Also disclosed is an apparatus for determining the concentration of a redox species in an electrochemical cell comprising: an electrochemical cell having a working electrode and a counter (or counter/reference) electrode, means for applying and electric potential difference between said electrodes, means for measuring the change in current with time, and characterised in that the working electrode is spaced from the counter electrode by less than 500 mum.
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