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1059385 results about "Materials science" patented technology

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering, is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming.

Multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric, preparation method and application

The invention relates to a preparation method and an application of multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric. The multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric is formed by successively arranging and laminating a metal foil reflection layer, a phase change temperature limitation layer, an interval composite membrane heat-insulation layer and a flame-retardant comfortable layer, wherein the metal foil reflection layer has high reflectivity and an enhanced heat-dissipation function; the phase change temperature limitation layer has functions of high energy consumption absorption and evenly-distributed heat conduction; the interval composite membrane heat-insulation layer has the functions of reflection insulation and even distribution of heat; and the flame-retardant comfortable layer has the functions of low-contact heat conduction, heat insulation and comfort. When the front side of the multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric is under the action of open fire and strong heat flow environment, the back side of the multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric can be kept below 50DEG C which is near the safe temperature state of the human skin, and the integral structural form and the mechanical property are stable. The natural thickness of the composite fabric is 5-15mm, the compression thickness of the composite fabric is 3-8mm, and the square meter quality of the composite fabric is 400-1500g/m<2>. The composite fabric is fire-proof heat-insulation material which is totally sealed, stuck and sewn and can be used for individual protection and environment heat insulation in special high-temperature occasions, such as fire control, military, exploration, safe escape and industry and the like.
Owner:DONGHUA UNIV
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