Eureka-AI is an intelligent assistant for R&D personnel, combined with Patent DNA, to facilitate innovative research.
Eureka AI

5588 results about "Boiling point" patented technology

The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor. The boiling point of a liquid varies depending upon the surrounding environmental pressure. A liquid in a partial vacuum has a lower boiling point than when that liquid is at atmospheric pressure. A liquid at high pressure has a higher boiling point than when that liquid is at atmospheric pressure. For example, water boils at 100 °C (212 °F) at sea level, but at 93.4 °C (200.1 °F) at 1,905 metres (6,250 ft) altitude. For a given pressure, different liquids will boil at different temperatures.

Catalytic multi-stage process for hydroconversion and refining hydrocarbon feeds

A multi-stage catalytic hydrogenation and hydroconversion process for heavy hydrocarbon feed materials such as coal, heavy petroleum fractions, and plastic waste materials. In the process, the feedstock is reacted in a first-stage, back-mixed catalytic reactor with a highly dispersed iron-based catalyst having a powder, gel or liquid form. The reactor effluent is pressure-reduced, vapors and light distillate fractions are removed overhead, and the heavier liquid fraction is fed to a second stage back-mixed catalytic reactor. The first and second stage catalytic reactors are operated at F. temperature, 1000-3500 psig hydrogen partial pressure and 20-80 lb./hr per ft.sup.3 reactor space velocity. The vapor and light distillates liquid fractions removed from both the first and second stage reactor effluent streams are combined and passed to an in-line, fixed-bed catalytic hydrotreater for heteroatom removal and for producing high quality naphtha and mid-distillate or a full-range distillate product. The remaining separator bottoms liquid fractions are distilled at successive atmospheric and vacuum pressures, low and intermediate-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products are withdrawn, and heavier distillate fractions are recycled and further upgraded to provide additional low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products. This catalytic multistage hydrogenation process provides improved flexibility for hydroprocessing the various carbonaceous feedstocks and adjusting to desired product structures and for improved economy of operations.

Injection molding method for neutral and acidic-group containing (meth)acrylate copolymers

The invention relates to a process for producing mouldings by injection moulding, the steps in the process being A) Melting a mixture made from a) a (meth)acrylate copolymer composed of from 40 to 100% by weight of free-radical-polymerized C1-C4-alkyl esters of acrylic or methacrylic acid and from 0 to 60% by weight of (meth)acrylate monomers having an anionic group in the alkyl radical, where the copolymer comprises b) from 0.1 to 3% by weight of a release agent, and, where appropriate, the mixture may comprise c) from 0 to 50% by weight of a drier, d) from 0 to 30% by weight of a plasticizer, e) from 0 to 100% by weight of additives or auxiliaries, f) from 0 to 100% by weight of an active pharmaceutical ingredient, g) from 0 to 20% by weight of another polymer or copolymer, where the amounts given for components b) to g) are based on the (meth)acrylate copolymer a) and the mixture prior to melting has a content of more than 0.5% by weight of low-boiling constituents with vapour pressure of at least 1.9 bar at 120° C., B) Devolatilizing the mixture in the thermoplastic state at temperatures of at least 120° C., thereby lowering to not more than 0.5% by weight the content of the low-boiling constituents with vapour pressure of at least 1.9 bar at 120° C., C) Injecting the molten and devolatilized mixture into the mould cavity of an injection mould, the temperature of the mould cavity being below the glass transition temperature of the (meth)acrylate copolymer by at least 10° C., cooling the molten mixture, and removing the resultant moulding from the mould.

Lithium difluorophosphate, electrolyte containing lithium difluorophosphate, process for producing lithium difluorophosphate, process for producing nonaqueous electrolyte, nonaqueous electrolyte, and nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery containing the same

A difluorophosphate salt, which is expensive and not readily available, can be produced with a high purity readily and efficiently from inexpensive and readily available materials. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery that exhibits low-temperature discharge and heavy-current discharge characteristics and high-temperature preservation and cycle characteristics without impairing the battery safety. A hexafluorophosphate salt is reacted with a compound having a bond represented by the following formula (1) in the molecule:
Si—O—Si  (1)
A nonaqueous electrolyte used for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary batteries including a negative electrode and a positive electrode that can occlude and discharge ions, and a nonaqueous electrolyte is prepared from a mixture obtained by mixing at least one nonaqueous solvent, a hexafluorophosphate salt and a compound having a bond represented by the following formula (1), and removing low-boiling compounds newly formed in the system, the low-boiling compounds having a lower boiling point than that of the compound having the bond represented by the formula (1):
Si—O—Si  (1)
Who we serve
  • R&D Engineer
  • R&D Manager
  • IP Professional
Why Eureka
  • Industry Leading Data Capabilities
  • Powerful AI technology
  • Patent DNA Extraction
Social media
Try Eureka
PatSnap group products