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6818 results about "Pyrolysis" patented technology

Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere. It involves a change of chemical composition and is irreversible. The word is coined from the Greek-derived elements pyro "fire" and lysis "separating".

Method for treating contaminated soil by combining in-situ heat strengthening and soil vapor extraction technology

The invention discloses a method for treating contaminated soil by combining in-situ heat strengthening and a soil vapor extraction technology, which is characterized in that a heating well with a certain form is formed in a contaminated area, a heater part is provided in the heating well, and a sleeve pipe is installed, a catalyst is filled in the sleeve pipe for accelerating the high temperature decomposition of the pollutant into simple micromolecular substances. At least one well bore is drilled at the central contaminated area of the heating well which is arranged in the certain form to form an extraction well, a vacuum system is provided for realizing the extraction of the contaminated tail gas. the heating well provides heat to contaminated soil of the heating well and the adjacent areas through the thermal conductivity of the heater part arranged in the heating well, soil is heated, the soil pollutant is subjected to processes of evaporation, in-situ pyrolysis, oxidation, combustion, distillation and the like to form tail gas like simple micromolecular gas, water and pollutant steam, then the tail gas is extracted by the vacuum system in the extraction well, and is connected to a tail gas collection pipeline of the extraction well to send to the ground surface, the pollutant in tail gas is treated through a pollutant treatment facility which is installed on the ground surface. The method also comprises an impervious sealing plate which is arranged on the contaminated soil area ground surface for minimizing the gas exchange of the heating well, the extraction well and atmosphere, and preventing the pollutant from entering in atmosphere to form secondary pollution, and a thermal insulation layer is arranged above or below the impervious sealing plate for avoiding the dissipation of heat.
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