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68575 results about "Microorganism" patented technology

A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s, Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax.

Disposable vacuum filtration apparatus capable of detecting microorganisms and particulates in liquid samples

A vacuum filtration apparatus (900) for detecting microorganisms and particulates in liquid samples. The apparatus includes a base (901), an absorbent pad (991), a filter (990), a funnel (930), and a lid (960). The funnel is releasably attached to the base, and may contain an integral flexible seal for releasably sealing the filter to the base. The outer wall of the lid may be segmented to make it flexible, this flexibility allows it to be releasably attached to the funnel or the base. The apparatus is designed so that any funnel will fit any base, and any lid will fit any base or any funnel when all parts are manufactured to normal tolerances. The apparatus may be configured to to keep the filter wrinkle free in both the dry and wet states.

Grg32: a novel epsp synthase gene conferring herbicide resistance

Compositions and methods for conferring herbicide resistance to bacteria, plants, plant cells, tissues and seeds are provided. Compositions include nucleic acid molecules encoding herbicide resistance or tolerance polypeptides, vectors comprising those nucleic acid molecules, and host cells comprising the vectors. The nucleotide sequences of the invention can be used in DNA constructs or expression cassettes for transformation and in organisms, including microorganisms and plants. Compositions also comprise transformed bacteria, plants, plant cells, tissues, and seeds. In particular, the present invention provides for isolated nucleic acid molecules comprising the nucleotide sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO:1 or 14, a nucleotide sequence encoding the amino acid sequence shown in SEQ ID NO:2, the herbicide resistance nucleotide sequence deposited in a bacterial host as Accession Nos. NRRL B-30931, as well as variants and fragments thereof.

Gut microbiome as a biomarker and therapeutic target for treating obesity or an obesity related disorder

InactiveUS20100172874A1Decreasing energy harvestingGood for weight lossBiocideMetabolism disorderDiseaseMicroorganism
The present invention relates to the gut microbiome as a biomarker and therapeutic target for energy harvesting, weight loss or gain, and / or obesity in a subject. In particular, the invention provides methods of altering and monitoring the relative abundance of Bacteroides and Firmicutes in the gut microbiome of a subject.

Process for preparing materials for extraction

The present invention relates to a process for preparing a biomass, such as from a microbial fermentation, for an extraction process to separate desired chemicals, nutritional products, bioactive components, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, from the biomass. Particularly preferred substances to extract include docosahexaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, and arachidonic acid. The present invention also includes extracting the prepared biomass. Biomasses to be treated in accordance with the methods of the invention include plant, animal, and microbial biomass, particularly a microorganism such as Crypthecodinium cohnii and a fungus such as Mortierella alpina.

Tuning microbial populations with programmable nucleases

ActiveUS20150064138A1Efficiently and rapidly encoded into synthetic constructBroad deliveryBiocideSugar derivativesMicroorganismVirulent characteristics
Various aspects and embodiments of the invention are directed to methods and compositions for reversing antibiotic resistance or virulence in and / or destroying pathogenic microbial cells such as, for example, pathogenic bacterial cells. The methods include exposing microbial cells to a delivery vehicle with at least one nucleic acid encoding an engineered autonomously distributed circuit that contains a programmable nuclease targeted to one or multiple genes of interest.

Carbon pathway optimized production hosts for the production of isobutanol

A microbial host cell is provided for the production of isobutanol. Carbon flux in the cell is optimized through the Entner-Doudoroff pathway.

Methods of combining metagenome and the metatranscriptome in multiplex profiles

InactiveUS20130121968A1Increased use of antibioticBiocideBacteriaBacteroidesMetabolite
The present invention describes changes in bacterial gastrointestinal, cutaneous and nasal microbiota associated various mammalian medical conditions. Described are diagnostic tests that arise from combining phylogenetic information about the families, genus, and species of the microbiome and their relative abundance with the metabolic information contained in the metatranscriptome to determine the presence and absence of a disease or medical condition. Provided are compositions of bacteria, co-cultures of bacteria and a carrier for use in treating the disclosed medical conditions. The described compositions restore or correct disease- or medical condition-related imbalances in the microbiome profile with culture-conditioned formulations in which the transcriptome activity of the administered organisms is optimized. Alternatively, formulations of metabolites that drive changes in the metatranscriptome native to the mammal that treat disease or a medical condition or restore health are taught.

Sensitive and rapid determination of antimicrobial susceptibility

The present invention relates to moving microorganisms to a surface, where they are grown in the presence and absence of antimicrobials, and by monitoring the growth of the microorganisms over time in the two conditions, their susceptibility to the antimicrobials can be determined. The microorganisms can be moved to the surface through electrophoresis, centrifugation or filtration. When the movement involves electrophoresis, the presence of oxidizing and reducing reagents lowers the voltage at which electrophoretic force can be generated and allows a broader range of means by which the target can be detected. Monitoring can comprise optical detection, and most conveniently includes the detection of individual microorganisms. The microorganisms can be stained in order to give information about their response to antimicrobials.

Glycerol Feedstock Utilization for Oil-Based Fuel Manufacturing

The invention provides methods of manufacturing biodiesel and other oil-based compounds using glycerol and combinations of glycerol and other feedstocks as an energy source in fermentation of oil-bearing microorganisms. Methods disclosed herein include processes for manufacturing high nutrition edible oils from non-food feedstock materials such as waste products from industrial waste transesterification processes. Also included are methods of increasing oil yields by temporally separating glycerol and other feedstocks during cultivation processes. Also provided herein are oil-bearing microbes containing exogenous oil production genes and methods of cultivating such microbes on glycerol and other feedstocks.
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