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4625 results about "Industrial waste" patented technology

Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, industries, mills, and mining operations. Types of industrial waste include dirt and gravel, masonry and concrete, scrap metal, oil, solvents, chemicals, scrap lumber, even vegetable matter from restaurants. Industrial waste may be solid, liquid or gaseous. It may be hazardous or non-hazardous waste. Hazardous waste may be toxic, ignitable, corrosive, reactive, or radioactive. Industrial waste may pollute the air, the soil, or nearby water sources, eventually ending up in the sea. Industrial waste is often mixed into municipal waste, making accurate assessments difficult. An estimate for the US goes as high as 7.6 billion tons of industrial waste produced every year. Most countries have enacted legislation to deal with the problem of industrial waste, but strictness and compliance regimes vary. Enforcement is always an issue.

Industrial Wastewater Microwave Electrodeless UV Photocatalysis-Double Membrane Separation Coupling Treatment Device

The present invention is an industrial waste water microwave electrodeless ultraviolet photocatalysis-dual membrane separation coupling treatment device, the device mainly consists of a reactor (1), a membrane separation system (2), a microwave electrodeless ultraviolet light source system (4), an aeration system, and an ozone tail gas decomposition device (7) connected to the reactor, and an inlet and outlet water system, wherein: the upper and lower parts of the reactor are respectively the reaction zone and the aeration zone, which are separated by a water distribution plate (5); the membrane separation system The microwave electrodeless ultraviolet light source system is located in the reaction zone and is separated by a corrugated partition (3); the aeration system is composed of a microporous aeration head (6) and a blower (8), and the microporous aeration head is located in the aeration At the bottom of the zone, the blower sends air to the aeration zone through the air duct. The invention has the characteristics of high reaction rate, complete degradation of organic matter, long-term operation and the like, and has strong operability and high safety. It is suitable for the treatment of refractory organic industrial wastewater, and it is also suitable for sterilization and disinfection in the field of water supply.
Owner:WUHAN TEXTILE UNIV

Cement-based composite material used for 3D printing technology as well as preparation method and application thereof

The invention provides a cement-based composite material used for a 3D printing technology as well as a preparation method and application thereof. The cement-based composite material is prepared from the following raw materials based on the total weight of the composite material: 33%-40% of cement, 0%-8% of inorganic powder, 32%-38% of tailing machine-made sand, 2.5%-3% of a high-molecular polymer, 0.1%-0.5% of a water reducing agent and 16.7%-20% of mixing water; a composite thickening time control agent, a thixotropic agent, a volume stabilizer and the like are added into a mixture to prepare an inorganic composite material; and then the inorganic composite material can be directly pumped into a 3D printer for building to be applied to construction. The cement-based composite material is an inorganic material and the materials are easily available; a lot of industrial waste materials can be used; therefore, the cement-based composite material is low in cost, energy-saving and environment-friendly; the condensation time can be flexibly controlled, and the material has super early strength, good caking property and strong stability; the requirements of 3D printing construction continuity of the building and the building strength are met so that the house building has good global stability and use safety; and the application and popularization of 3D printing technology can be greatly promoted.
Owner:CHINA STATE CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING CORPORATION

Process and system for converting carbonaceous feedstocks into energy without greenhouse gas emissions

The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing military waste, carbonaceous-containing industrial waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing sewage sludge and municipal solid waste, carbonaceous-containing agricultural waste, carbonaceous-containing biomass, biological and biochemical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations. One portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier becomes electrochemically oxidized in an electricity-producing fuel cell into an exit gas comprising carbon dioxide and water. The latter is recycled back to the gasifier after a portion of water is condensed out. The second portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier is converted into useful hydrocarbon products.
Owner:RAVEN SR INC

Permeable recycled aggregate and ceramsite concrete doped with industrial and agricultural solid waste and preparation

The invention discloses permeable recycled aggregate and ceramsite concrete doped with industrial and agricultural solid waste and preparation. The permeable recycled aggregate and ceramsite concrete doped with industrial and agricultural solid waste is characterized in that recycled coarse aggregates and ceramsites are taken as coarse aggregates of concrete, an appropriate amount of pretreated industrial and agricultural solid waste such as industrial waste, agricultural waste, household garbage and the like is taken as an admixture, a cementing agent is prepared from cement, water, a superplasticizer and a reinforcement material, and the materials are mixed with a preset stirring process and preparation method, so that ecological concrete with good mechanical property, permeable property and durability is produced. According to the concrete, the waste utilization rate is up to about 80%, the concrete is environment-friendly, locally available materials can be used, the economic benefit is remarkable, ceramist pore is smaller, and sewage can be continuously and stably treated, so that the concrete is commonly used in water environment comprehensive improvement engineering; and besides, the concrete has light weight, high strength and good water permeability and can be also used in permeable pavement engineering such as a sidewalk, a parking lot and the like as well as plant engineering such as ecological riverway slope protection, roof landscape planting and the like.
Owner:YANGZHOU UNIV

Environment-friendly type sludge firming agent

The invention provides an environment-friendly silt curing agent, which is manufactured through the following steps: one or two among fly ash, calcium sulfate, sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate, one or two among slag, slag combination, potassium hydroxide, calcium oxide, sodium silicate or silicon dioxide, one or two among carbide slag, lime or gypsum, as well as one or two among triethanol amine surfactant, calcium lignosulfonate or sodium lignosulfonate form a plurality of optimal compound formulations according to respective attributes, are optimized, compounded, ground till the Brinell specific surface areas are between 300 and 900 m2/kg respectively and then mixed, wherein particle sizes are between 0.00040 and 0.5 mm. As a large amount of waste is utilized, the curing agent saves raw materials, solves the problems about waste discharge and environmental pollution, controls waste through waste, and has important significance to environmental protection. The invention aims to provide the environment-friendly silt curing agent which has strong adaptability to a plurality of types of silt and soil, is good in curing effect, good in durability after curing and capable of utilizing industrial waste, and can be widely applied to fill engineering, embanking or embankment reinforcement engineering, road engineering and other fields.
Owner:天津渤海环保工程有限公司 +1

Regenerative concrete composite material and method for making same

The present invention discloses a regenerated concrete compound material, which is made of the following components according to weight ratio: 37-53 percent of regenerated aggregate prepared by the building waste residue, 14-30 percent of regenerated fine aggregate prepared by the building waste residue, 6-14 percent of industrial waste sand, 14-18 percent of common cement, 6-8 percent of water, additive and glue powder of waste tyre. The preparation method for the regenerated concrete is that: (1) the waste tyre is crushed and then is dipped in the coupling agent solution, and is to be dried; (2) the building waste residue is crushed, screened to obtain the regenerated coarse or fine aggregate; (3) the additive is added into the aggregate and the waste sand for mixing and blending evenly; (4) the regenerated aggregate, waste sand, cement, water and glue powder are milled evenly and then the regenerated concrete compound material can be obtained. The present invention can solve the problems that the building waste residue is difficult to be treated and the entironment is polluted and deteriorated greatly and so on. The building waste residue is to be used for replacing the natural aggregate that can decrease the consumptions to the natural aggregate in the building industry, solve the problems that the natural aggregates are increasingly lacked and the entironment is damaged by the exploitation of the sand stone. The present invention can protect the living environment for the human, guarantee the sustainable development for the society and accord to the requirement of the sustainable development.
Owner:云南华威废弃物资源化有限公司

Lightweight ceramic tile and production method

The invention discloses a light-weight ceramic brick, which is a light-weight ceramic brick fired at high temperature and has a honeycomb-like internal structure of closed pores. The invention also discloses a preparation method of the above-mentioned lightweight ceramic tiles, which is formed by dry pressing after wet ball milling, sieving, iron removal, spraying drying tower and powder spraying on the vitrified brick polishing waste produced in large quantities in the ceramic industry at present. Method forming, or kneading using wet extrusion molding, and then firing products in continuous or batch kilns. Manufacture a kind of lighter quality ceramic tiles, aiming at the insufficient use of waste materials in the past, more effectively utilize industrial waste residues in large quantities, and because of its light structure, it can be used in the decoration of high-rise building walls, It has good properties such as light weight, high strength, heat preservation, and sound absorption, and it can significantly reduce the weight of the wall structure. At the same time, it also has the characteristics of easy transportation, easy construction, and fast speed. It has great advantages in saving energy and reducing the weight of buildings. The outstanding advantage is that it is an environment-friendly building ceramic decoration material.
Owner:FOSHAN OCEANO CERAMICS

Exterior wall composite insulation heat-proof plastering material

The invention relates to compound thermal insulation plastering material for external wall, which consists of a compound cementing material and a lightweight aggregate. The compound cementing material consists of cement, active admixture, lime powder, promoter, surfactant, anti-crack and waterproof agent, water retaining agent, flame retardant, re-dispersible emulsion powder, alkali-resistance fiber and coal flying ash cenosphere; the lightweight aggregate consists of EPS grain and expanded perlite. The invention has the advantages of low density, thermal performance, high strength, good impact resistance, bond strength and low shrinkage. The compound cementing material adopts a plurality of polymeric cementing materials, allows the insulation material to have good bond performance and simultaneously ensures falling and slipping resistance performance. The invention has good water resistance and high softening coefficient. By using cement-based cementing material as main material and organic reinforced material and waterproof component as auxiliary materials, the invention has a hydrophobic rate more than 98 percent and a softening coefficient more than 0.7. The invention can save energy and protect environment. A great deal of industrial waste residue is used in the materials, which can save a great number of energy, realize resource utilization of the waste residue and is in favor of environmental protection.
Owner:SHANGHAI TONGBIAO INSULATION TECH

Geopolymer gel material for rush repairs and rush constructions

The invention provides a geopolymer gel material for rush repairs and rush constructions, which is prepared by adding water to 13-17 percent by weight of exciting agent and 82-87 percent by weight of slag containing aluminosilicate. The slag comprises one or the combination of more of blast furnace slag, steel slag, coal ash and coal gangue, and the exciting agent comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 35-75 percent of SiO2, 0-55 percent of Na2O, 0-65 percent of K2O, 0-1 percent of CaO and 0-1 percent of SO3. The geopolymer gel material which has the characteristic of quick setting and hardening is prepared by using the industrial waste slag as a main raw material and matching the exciting agent, and the geopolymer gel material has excellent mechanical property and controllable setting time and can replace gel materials such as fast setting and hardening cement, and the like in the processes of rush repairs and rush constructions. The industrial solid wastes such as the blast furnace slag, the steel slag, the coal ash, the coal gangue, and the like containing the aluminosilicate series are used as main raw materials, metakaolin is not added and the raw materials do not need to be calcined, thus the invention has low energy consumption, less pollution, simple process, low cost, environmental protection and energy saving.
Owner:深圳市航天新材科技有限公司

Chemical industrial waste salt refining process

The invention relates to a chemical industrial waste salt refining process which comprises the following steps: pretreating high salt wastewater generated in the production process of aminobenzene ether and p-nitrophenol so as to adjust the pH value, adsorbing by using activated carbon, kieselguhr or macroporous resin, removing organisms and organic salts in the wastewater, reducing the COD of the wastewater, neutralizing the high salt wastewater, performing multi-effect evaporation or mechanical recompression so as to evaporate and crystallize, and centrifuging a solid salt; performing high-temperature calcination on the centrifuged solid salt in a rotary kiln or a tunnel kiln, thereby decomposing and oxidizing the organisms at a high temperature, further thoroughly combusting the tail gas generated through calcination in a heat accumulation type tail gas combustion furnace, preheating and recycling the tail gas, performing spraying absorption, dissolving the calcinated salt with water so as to prepare a saturated solution, filtering by using a precise filter, directly supplying the filtrate to ionic membrane caustic soda for use, or performing multi-effect evaporation or mechanical recompression on the filtered saturated salt water so as to evaporate, crystallize and purify, and performing centrifugation, thereby obtaining high-quality solid sodium chloride.
Owner:JIANGSU ZHONGDAN GROUP

Production unit for microalgae industrialization and method for producing microalgae

The invention relates to a micro-algae industrialization production device and a method of producing the micro-algae, which belong to the engineering field of the micro-algae culturing and the technical field of the environmental protection. An air-pushed type photobiology reactor unit device is an annular shallow pond built by bricks and concrete, an isolation wall with both ends opened is built in the shallow pond, a liquid drainage pipe and a liquid replacement pipe are arranged in the air-pushed type photobiology reactor unit device, an air inlet pipe is fixed on the isolation wall in the middle part of the air-pushed type photobiology reactor unit device and is connected with a plurality of L-shaped branch pipes, a plurality of micro blowholes are arranged on side walls of the transversal pipes of the branch pipes, the whole air-pushed type photobiology reactor unit device is covered by agricultural film and is provided with a skylight, to form an enclosed type photobiology reactor. The device combines the individual advantage of the open type photobiology reactor and the enclosed type photobiology reactor, by adopting the industrial waste gas and the eutrophication surface water or the industrial wastewater as the main raw material to perform micro-algae culturing in a large scale, especially to culture the micro-algae with high oil percentage, to provide the large or medium sized bio-diesel factory with raw oil, and simultaneously the emission reduction of carbon dioxide and the treatment of polluted water body are realized.
Owner:蔡志武

Crack-resistant abrasion-resistant hydraulic concrete and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses crack-resistant abrasion-resistant hydraulic concrete and a preparation method thereof. The hydraulic concrete comprises materials of cement, sand, stones, a polypropylene fiber, a water reducing agent, an air entraining agent and water, and is characterized in that: an internal curing agent and silica fume powder are added; by adopting the internal curing agent as a super absorbent resin, internal maintenance of the concrete is enhanced, the concrete shrinkage is reduced, the abrasion resistance of the concrete is improved, and the crack resistance of the concrete is improved; by adopting the silica fume powder, the concrete mixture performance and abrasion resistance are improved, the comprehensive utilization of industrial wastes and resource and energy conservation are realized, and the environment is protected; and taking concrete at C40 strength grade as an example, the abrasion resistance is 23.52h/kg/m<2>, the early plastic shrinkage crack resistance reaches the first grade, cracks are not formed on the surface of the concrete, an air shrinkage value within 28 days is 162*10<-6>, and the autogenous volume deformation within 28 days is 20*10<-6>. The technical scheme is simple in technical operation, readily available in raw materials, lower in production cost and better in economic and social benefits.
Owner:广西壮族自治区水利科学研究院

Industrial waste salt slag innocent treatment method

ActiveCN104344407AAlleviate the pressure of solid waste managementPromote sustainable developmentIncinerator apparatusSlagPetrochemical
The invention discloses an industrial waste salt slag innocent treatment method. The industrial waste salt slag innocent treatment method mainly comprises the following steps: a) burdening materials according to types of the industrial waste salt slag, and uniformly mixing the materials; 2) drying the mixture, wherein the drying process at least comprises initial drying and medium microwave drying, the initial drying process can remove the most part of free water, the medium microwave drying can remove the crystal water and gasify a part of organic matters, and the drying temperature is a continuously adjustable stable temperature gradient; c) anaerobic microwave pyrolysis: pyrolyzing the dried mixture at the temperature of 450-500 DEG C and under a nitrogen charged environment for more than 100 minutes, so as to pyrolyze the organic matters to form micromolecules to be gasified, organic salt to be split and gasified and the contained ammonium salt to be decomposed; 3) conducting air cooling to the pyrolyzed waste salt to be put in storage, and then conducting complete innocent treatment to the pyrolyzed waste salt, detecting and then selling the qualified product or reusing the treated waste salt. The industrial waste salt slag innocent treatment method has the characteristics of safety, efficiency, energy conservation and the like, has the obvious advantage in the resource recycling aspect, can greatly slow down the solid waste management stress in the industrial developed area, in particular the chemical engineering petrochemical industry park, is favorable to promote the related sustained development of the park.
Owner:ZHEJIANG DONGTIANHONG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENG CO LTD

Integral honeycomb selective catalytic reduction catalyst for flue gas denitration and method for preparing the same

The invention discloses an integral honeycomb selective catalysis-reduction fume denitration catalyst and a preparation method, and relates to a method for preparing an integral honeycomb selective catalysis-reduction catalyst for efficient denitration of industrial waste gas (in particular tail gas of a large-scale power plant boiler). The integral honeycomb selective catalysis-reduction fume denitration catalyst uses nano titanium dioxide as a carrier and a framework, denitration active components are evenly distributed in the framework, and bonding agent of proper proportion is added into the framework, wherein in terms of weight percentage, the nano titanium dioxide accounts for 60 to 85 percent, the denitration active components account for 4 to 25 percent, and the bonding agent accounts for 5 to 20 percent. The active components are WO3 and V2O5, and the proportion of the WO3 to the V2O5 is 10-20:1; and the bonding agent is glass fiber. The reaction temperature of the catalyst for the fume denitration is between 250 and 400 DEG C, and the operating air speed is 1,500-5,500h. The catalyst has high denitration efficiency and strong abrasion resistance, and is particularly applicable to the treatment of the large-scale power plant boiler tail gas.
Owner:YIXING YIGANG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENG & MATERIALS +1
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