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2013results about How to "Low raw material cost" patented technology

Haptic devices using electroactive polymers

Haptic feedback interface devices using electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators to provide haptic sensations and / or sensing capabilities. A haptic feedback interface device is in communication with a host computer and includes a sensor device that detects the manipulation of the interface device by the user and an electroactive polymer actuator responsive to input signals and operative to output a force to the user caused by motion of the actuator. The output force provides a haptic sensation to the user. Various embodiments of interface devices employing EAP actuators are described, including embodiments providing direct forces, inertial forces, and braking forces.

Two-dimensional fiber/boron nitride nanotube multistage reinforcement and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a two-dimensional fiber / boron nitride nanotube multistage reinforcement and a preparation method thereof. In the two-dimensional fiber / boron nitride nanotube multistage reinforcement, boron nitride nanotubes are uniformly distributed on the surface of two-dimensional fibers. The preparation method for the two-dimensional fiber / boron nitride nanotube multistage reinforcement is innovatively explored for the first time, and the desired two-dimensional fiber / boron nitride nanotube multistage reinforcement is prepared. The preparation method is simple; raw materials for the reinforcement are cheap, safe and easily available; and a foundation is laid for subsequent construction of a three-dimensional fiber / boron nitride nanotube multistage reinforcement and research and development of a multistage reinforced composite.

Textured wipes

A wipe formed of a base layer and a secondary layer. The wipe has an initial caliper of at least about 0.5 mm, a basis weight of less than about 55 gsm and a % DIB of about 20-95%. The base layer is formed of a non-biodegradable material such as thermoplastic polymer and the secondary layer is formed of a biodegradable material such as wood pulp, cellulose and / or regenerated cellulose. The top surface of the secondary layer generally includes a non-uniform distribution of fibers.

Low cost active powder concrete and preparation thereof

The invention discloses active powder concrete which is prepared by Portland cement, steel slag powder, fly ash, silicon ash, effective water reducing agent, river sand, mixing water and steel fiber with the mass ratios of 0.52 to 0.58 : 0.16 to 0.18 : 0.10 to 0.16 : 0.13 to 0.16 : 0.012 to 0.018 : 0.9 to 1.1 : 0.14 to 0.18 : 0.156 to 0.234. The preparation method thereof is as follows: each component is sequentially added into a stirring machine for being uniformly stirred and shaped; then after the components are maintained, the temperature is raised to 80 to 90 DEG C at the temperature rising speed of 15 to 20 DEG C/h and then constant temperature maintaining is carried out for 72 to 96h; then, the components are cooled to room temperature at the cooling speed of not more than 20 DEG C/h to obtain the active powder concrete product. The invention employs the industrial wastes like steel slag powder and fly ash to replace quartz powder, partial cement and silicon ash, and employs thin river sand to replace quartz sand to prepare the active powder concrete of 200 grade under the maintaining conditions of normal pressure below 100 DEG C, thus not only being capable of remarkably reducing the material cost and the shaping maintaining cost, but also playing important roles on saving resources and energies, protecting the environment and promoting sustainable development as a large amount of industrial waste slag is used.

Lithium ion flow redox battery

The invention provides a lithium ion flow redox battery, belonging to the technical field of lithium ion batteries. The lithium ion flow redox battery comprises a positive electrode suspension tank, a negative electrode suspension tank and a battery reactor, wherein the positive electrode suspension tank contains the mixture of positive electrode composite material particles and an electrolyte; the negative electrode suspension tank contains negative electrode composite material particles and an electrolyte; the battery reactor comprises a positive electrode current collector, a negative electrode current collector and one layer or a plurality of layers of microporous separators; the microporous separators separate the positive electrode current collector from the negative electrode current collector in an insulation mode so as to respectively form a positive electrode chamber and a negative electrode chamber; the positive electrode chamber is communicated with the positive electrode suspension tank through a seal pipeline; and the negative electrode chamber is communicated with the negative electrode suspension tank through a seal pipeline. Compared with a full vanadium flow redox battery, the lithium ion flow redox battery has the advantage of high energy density, the adoption of the environmentally-friendly and non-toxic electrolyte and low cost, and is applicable to large-scale energy storage of power grids.

Combustion chamber wall construction for high power engines and thrust nozzles

A wall construction for a combustion chamber or thrust nozzle of a high power engine of a flying body includes an inner wall body that is subjected to the hot gases within the combustion chamber, and an outer jacket that surrounds the inner wall body and carries the mechanical loads. The inner wall body has a plurality of cooling channels through which a cooling medium may flow. The outer jacket is made of a long-fiber C / SiC composite material, while the inner wall member is made of a short fiber C / SiC composite material. The reduced thermal expansion coefficient of this ceramic composite material in comparison to metal alloys leads to a reduced straining and reduced deformation of the wall construction and therewith an increased operating life.

Pyrolytic treatment method for chromium slag

The invention relates to a thermolysis processing process of chromium slag, using dehydration mud from municipal sewage plant as an additive. The process comprises: firstly mixing the chromium slag and the mud in proportion and sending the mixture to an external heating type tilting furnace for preheat and dry, then sending the mixture to an interior heating type pyrolyzing furnace to carry out thermolysis reaction, wherein the high temperature hot reduction gas of the interior heating type pyrolyzing furnace enters from a reduction combustion furnace, and the pyrolysis products after being reduction treated are cooled and discharged. Exhaust gas of the interior heating type pyrolyzing furnace enters the external heating type tilting furnace after mixed with air via a dilution trap to dry the mixture of the chromium slag and the mud indirectly. The invention can detoxicate the chromium slag, meanwhile, treat the mud and use energy effectively, thus has obvious economic benefits and environmental benefits.

Method for producing biodiesel by high-density fermentation of heterotrophic chlorella

InactiveCN101230364ALow raw material costOptimizing conditions for heterotrophic fermentationFatty acid esterificationUnicellular algaeBiodiesel feedstockBiodiesel
The invention discloses a method of producing bio-diesel by fermenting the heterotrophic chlorella in high density which belongs to the renewable biological energy field. The method uses the heterotrophic chlorella fermented in high density in the bio-reactor as a raw material, which screens the chlorella species having high growth rate and high oil content, directly inoculates into the bottle as the first-class germ to culture then transfers to the fermentation cylinder to undergo the second-glass high density fermentation; the reaction condition is then optimized, and the process is controlled; the culture containing the carbohydrate is dripped to provide the nutrition for the cell growth, therefore the heterotrophic chlorella cells cultured in high density with density of 108g / L and oil content of 61 percent are separated, collected and dried; the algae oil is extracted, and the bio-diesel is produced by transesterification reaction; the invention reduces the cost for the raw material of bio-diesel, and satisfies the demand of industrialized application of producing bio-diesel by heterotrophic chlorella cells, therefore the technique of the invention becomes an economical and effective way of making oils from bio-diesel materials.

Energy-saving slag thermal insulator

The invention relates to an energy-saving slag thermal insulator, and belongs to the technical field of energy conservation, emission reduction and comprehensive utilization in the metallurgy industry. The thermal insulator comprises the following main chemical components in percentage by weight: 25 to 70 percent of SiO2, 1 to 25 percent of Al2O3, 1 to 40 percent of CaO, 0 to 20 percent of MgO, 0 to 10 percent of F<->, 0 to 10 percent of R2O (R is a monovalent metal ion), 0 to 10 percent of Fe2O3, 5 to 60 percent of fixed carbon with bulk density of 0.25 to 0.75g / cm<3>. The thermal insulator has high thermal insulation performance and can reduce the thermal loss of high-temperature slag; the thermal insulator contains a certain amount of fixed carbon, so heat generated in the chemical reaction of the fixed carbon can be used for further making up the thermal loss of the slag; meanwhile, the thermal insulator belongs to a silicon-aluminum material, and part or all of the thermal insulator can be dissolved in the slag finally so as to improve the chemical composition of the slag and reduce the melting point of the slag. The thermal insulator has the advantages of simple production process, low cost, and suitability for various processes for utilizing the sensible heat of the slag, increasing the fluidity of the slag or improving the performance of the slag.

Glass and use of a glass for glass-metal bonds

The glass of the glass-metal bond contains the following ingredients in the following amounts: SiO2, 72-80 wt %; B2O3, 4-<6 wt %; Al2O3, 2-5 wt %; Na2O, 4-7 wt %; K2O, 0-3 wt %; CaO, 2.5-8 wt %; MgO, 0-2 wt %; BaO, 0-4 wt %; TiO2, 0-5 wt %; CeO2, 0-2 wt %; Fe2O3, 0-0.1 wt %; F, 0-2 wt %; and the ratio of the sum total amount of Al2O3 and B2O3 (in mol %) to the sum total amount of MgO, CaO and BaO (in mol %) in the glass is less than 5. The glass-metal bond advantageously includes a KOVAR® alloy and the glass of the aforesaid composition and connects the glass envelope tube with an inner metal absorber tube in a tube collector.

Desulfurizing agent for reforming stock oil and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a desulfurizing agent for reforming stock oil and a preparation method thereof, in particular to the desulfurizing agent used for desorbing sulfides in the reforming stock oilsuch as H2S and the like. The desulfurizing agent is characterized by consisting of 10%-40% of ZnO, 15%-22% of NiO, 10%-17% of Al2O3, 5%-22% of SiO2 and the balance inevitable impurities. The desulfurizing agent takes zinc and nickel as active components and bentonite (or diatomite, or white clay, or zeolite, or high-alumina cement and or common cement) as a carrier, and active components thereofare directly present in the form of oxides of zinc and nickel or oxides transformed by corresponding carbonate (basic carbonate) and nitrate. In the invention, the desulfurizing agent has enlarged raw material range, thus effectively reducing raw material cost, simplifying production process of the desulfurizing agent, lowering production cost, improving strength to more than twice, and prolonging service life of the desulfurizing agent.

Alloy, magnetic core and process for the production of a tape from an alloy

ActiveUS20120262266A1Degradation of magnetic propertyImprove regularity of soft magnetic property of magneticNanomagnetismIndividual molecule manipulationHysteresisLinear region
An alloy is provided which consists of Fe100-a-b-c-d-x-y-zCuaNbbMcTdSixByZz and up to 1 at % impurities, M being one or more of the elements Mo, Ta and Zr, T being one or more of the elements V, Mn, Cr, Co and Ni, Z being one or more of the elements C, P and Ge, 0 at %≦a<1.5 at %, 0 at %≦b<2 at %, 0 at %≦(b+c)<2 at %, 0 at %≦d<5 at %, 10 at %<x<18 at %, 5 at %<y<11 at % and 0 at %≦z<2 at %. The alloy is configured in tape form and has a nanocrystalline structure in which at least 50 vol % of the grains have an average size of less than 100 nm, a hysteresis loop with a central linear region, a remanence ratio Jr / Js of <0.1 and a coercive field strength Hc to anisotropic field strength Ha ratio of <10%.

Method for preparing tobacco maillard reaction spice

The invention relates to a method for preparing a tobacco maillard reaction spice, a splice prepared by the method, and application of the spice in a cigarette. The preparation method disclosed by the invention has the characteristics of being simple in process, high in yield, free of pollution in the production process, convenient to operate and the like; the sweet smell of a cigarette product is plumper by the obtained tobacco spice; offensive odor is reduced; thrill is reduced; and the comfort is improved.

NANO particle/polyamide composite material, preparation method therefor, and use thereof

The present invention relates to the technical field of polymer composite material, and a nano particle / polyamide composite material, a preparation method therefor and a use thereof are disclosed. The nano particle / polyamide composite material comprises 0.01-99 parts by weight of inorganic nano particles and 1-99.99 parts by weight of a polyamide matrix. The preparation method for the nano particle / polyamide composite material of the present invention comprises hydrolysis polymerization or anionic polymerization. The nano particle / polyamide composite material of the present invention has the particular functions of nano materials, while having the advantages of the polymer matrix such as good mechanical performance and being easy for processing and molding. The nano particle is well dispersed in the polyamide matrix, is physically stable, and has a strong interaction at an interface between the nano particles and the polymer matrix, thus being useful as a structural material, a functional material and a polymer masterbatch. The cost of raw materials used in the synthesis method is low, the production apparatus is simple, and the route is green and environment friendly. Therefore, the method is applicable to large-scale industrial production.

Positive electrode material of multi-component composite lithium ion cell and its preparation method

The invention discloses a positive pole material of multiple composite lithium iron battery and a production method thereof, the technical issue to be solved is to improve electrochemical performances of the positive pole material, the positive pole material of the invention has the general formula: Li0.8-1.2NixCoyzO2, the crystal structure of the positive pole material is hexagonal system; crystal lattice is doped with more than one elements selected from the group consisting of Ti, Al, Mg, Cr, Zn, Ce, La, Lu, Y and F, the production method of the positive pole material comprises the steps of: synthesis of substrate materials, doping of substrate crystal lattices, mixing with lithium source compounds, sintering. As compared with the prior art, the produced positive pole material of multiple composite lithium iron battery of the invention combines into the simulative battery with metallic lithium sheets, and discharges and charges at 0.3C of discharge and charge current density, when the discharge and charge voltage is 2.5-4.2V, the maximum discharge capacitance reaches over 160mAh / g, the first Coulomb efficiency reaches more than 90%, the capacitance retention rate after circulation for 100 weeks is above 92%, the costs of raw materials and production are low, accordingly, the invention is apt for large-scale industrial production.

Catalyst system and method for the reduction of NOx

A catalyst system for the reduction of NOx comprises a catalyst comprising a metal oxide catalyst support, a catalytic metal oxide comprising at least one of gallium oxide or silver oxide, and at least one promoting metal selected from the group consisting of silver, cobalt, molybdenum, tungsten, indium, bismuth and mixtures thereof. The catalyst system further comprises a gas stream comprising an organic reductant, and a compound comprising sulfur. A method for reducing NOx utilizing the said catalyst system is also provided.
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