The invention discloses a high-heat-conductivity rubber composite material and a preparation method of the high-heat-conductivity rubber composite material. The high-heat-conductivity rubber composite material consists of the following ingredients in parts by mass: 100 of rubber, 4 to 6 of zinc oxide, 1 to 3 of stearic acid, 1 to 2 of anti-aging agents, 40 to 60 of carbon black, 1 to 1.5 of promoters, 1 to 3 of sulphur and 50 to 170 of heat conducting agents. The manufacture method comprises the following process steps that: the rubber is added into an open mill, the zinc oxide, the stearic acid, the anti-aging agents, the promoters, the carbon black and the heat conducting agents are sequentially added after the roll recovering, and finally, the sulphur is added. After rubber materials are uniformly mixed, the thin conduction is carried out, triangle bag packing and rolling are respectively carried out for five times, and the roll distance is regulated to 1.5mm for sheet output. The material sheets are placed into a mold, the vulcanization is carried out on a flat plate vulcanization machine, the vulcanization time is 15 to 20 minutes, the vulcanization temperature is 160 to 165 DEG C, and the vulcanization pressure is 10 to 12MPa. The material disclosed by the invention has an excellent physical and mechanical property and a high heat conduction factor.