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8898 results about "Flocculation" patented technology

Flocculation, in the field of chemistry, is a process in which colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc or flake, either spontaneously or due to the addition of a clarifying agent. The action differs from precipitation in that, prior to flocculation, colloids are merely suspended in a liquid and not actually dissolved in a solution. In the flocculated system, there is no formation of a cake, since all the flocs are in the suspension.

Rapid treatment method for fracturing flowback fluid

The invention discloses a rapid treatment method for a fracturing flowback fluid. The rapid treatment method comprises: (1) pumping a fracturing flowback fluid into an electron beam irradiation chamber, and staying for 20-120 s in the electron beam irradiation chamber; (2) adding a coagulant and a flocculant into the sewage treated by the electron beam irradiation chamber, and clarifying in a flocculation precipitation pool; (3) feeding the water treated by the flocculation precipitation a precision filtration pool, and carrying out fine filtration; and (4) collecting the water filtered by theprecision filtration pool in a clear water pool. According to the present invention, the gel breaking stage uses physical gel breaking so as to achieve clean gel breaking and greatly reduce the sideeffects of external agents, such that the reuse quality of the fracturing flowback fluid is good, and the fracturing flowback fluid is safe; the gel breaking time is shortened from 5-120 min to 20-120s so as to greatly improve the gel breaking speed; and compared with the traditional chemical gel breaking method and the biological gel breaking method, the method of the present invention simplifyfeeding equipment and other supporting equipment, reduces the occupation area, and reduces the complexity of manual operation.

Method for producing feed additive from livestock and poultry breeding wastewater and purifying breeding wastewater to reclaimed water

The invention relates to the fields of environmental technology and the breeding and processing of microalgae, in particular to a method for producing feed additive from livestock and poultry breeding wastewater and purifying breeding wastewater to reclaimed water. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps that: wastewater enters an acidification adjusting tank through a grille, and the acidified wastewater enters an anaerobic biochemical reactor for treatment and then enters an aerobic biochemical reactor; after the aerobic biochemical treatment, the obtained biogas slurry enters a settling tank for settling, the supernatant enters a membrane bioreactor for further aerobic treatment and is filtered by an ultrafiltration membrane, the generated ultrafiltration clear liquid is sterilized and neutralized and then enters a photobioreactor, algae are added into the photobioreactor to perform microalgae cultivation, and the algae liquid is discharged from the photobioreactor and then enters a flocculation and settling tank; and after flocculation and settling, the supernatant is used for water recycling, the concentrated algae liquid at the bottom enters a filter, and the separated microalgae slurry enters a fermentation / enzymolysis pot (tank) to perform fermentation / enzymolysis to be used as the feed additive. The invention has the advantages of high economic adaptability, zero discharge and the like.
Owner:蔡志武 +1

Beneficiation method for recycling specularite

The invention discloses a benefication method for recovering specularite. The method comprises the processes of primary grinding, grading, primary low intensity magnetic separation, and tailings discarding by primary high intensity magnetic separation; rough concentrate pre-classification by the primary low intensity magnetic separation and the primary high intensity magnetic separation, secondary grinding, secondary low intensity magnetic separation to obtain concentrates, secondary high intensity magnetic separation to obtain concentrates; and selective flocculation desliming secondary conducted on high intensity magnetic separation tailings (middlings), and anionic reverse flotation. The method further comprises the step of arranging a cylindrical slag separating sieve before the primary high intensity magnetic separation. With the advantages that the iron concentrate grade and the iron recovery are high, the loss of granular iron minerals is low, the mineral process flow is short, concentrates and tailings can be obtained in advance and the energy consumption of the benefication is low, the invention can be used not only for selecting specularite ores, but also for selecting weakly magnetic iron minerals, such as hematite, goethite, siderite, limonite, and the like.

Water-based cutting fluid used in slice machining of hard brittle crystal material and preparation method of water-based cutting fluid

The invention discloses a water-based cutting fluid used in slice machining of a hard brittle crystal material, comprising the following compositions: base oil, organic amine, organic acid, synthetic ester, emulsifier, rust and corrosion inhibitor, dispersion flocculation and hard-water resisting agent, antiseptic bactericide, antifoaming agent, coupling agent, adjuvant and a proper amount of water. Aiming at the machining techniques of inner circle slicing and outer circle slicing, the water-based cutting fluid has good generality, lubricity, strong antirust property and a long service life; when the cutting fluid is used, the machining situation can be observed easily, the cooling property is good, the cleaning and the permeability are strong, cuttings subside easily, and the machining problems of machining error, crack and the like caused by cutter blocking, abrasion and the like are solved; according to the invention, the problems that cuttings are easy to adhere and suspend, a cutter is seriously abraded, a machined product cracks easily, the accuracy is not high, the machining efficiency is low, the later period cleaning is complex and the like existing in the current slice machining of the hard brittle crystal material are solved, and further, a machine bed is protected, and the cost is reduced.

Method of treating an aqueous suspension of kaolin

A method of treating a kaolin particulate material to improve its properties by removal of impurities which includes the steps of:(a) producing a dispersed aqueous suspension of a kaolin particulate material containing at least 0.1% by weight, based on the dry weight of the kaolin particulate material, of separable impurity by adding a dispersing agent to the kaolin particulate material to deflocculate solid particles of the material in the suspension;(b) conditioning the suspension prior to adding selective flocculation polymer thereto by allowing the suspension to age for a period of at least 30 minutes and optionally by adding one or more conditioning chemicals thereto;(c) adjusting the pH of the suspension to be at least about 9.5;(d) adding to the suspension at a pH of at least about 9.5 a selective flocculation polymer which facilitates separation of the separable impurity from the kaolin by flocculating the kaolin and allowing the separable impurity to be or remain deflocculated;(e) allowing the suspension at a pH of at least about 9.5 in a selective flocculation separator to separate into layers comprising a flocculated product layer and a deflocculated impurity layer containing the separable impurity; and(f) extracting the separated layers from the separator.

Textile dyeing wastewater advanced treatment recycling technology

The invention discloses a textile dyeing wastewater advanced treatment recycling technology. The technology comprises the following steps: filtering to remove textile fibers; cooling; neutralizing, degrading organic matters and decomposing, replacing or degrading (cracking) the chormophoric groups of the organic matters to reduce the chroma of the wastewater; performing biochemical treatment with the biomembrane; precipitating to ensure that the precipitated sludge enters a sludge treatment system and the supernatant enters a flocculation pool; performing chemical treatment, namely adding a medicament in the flocculation pool to remove the suspended matter (SS), CODcr (chemical oxygen demand), BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) and chroma of the water; performing secondary precipitation to ensure that the free SS is precipitated and the wastewater is decolored further; separating to remove and degrade the chloride ions of the reuse water; performing secondary biochemical treatment to further reduce the concentrations of the SS, CODcr and BOD in wastewater; performing ozone oxidation treatment, decoloring, degrading organic matters; performing chemical treatment to remove insoluble dye materials and SS and reduce the COD and chroma; and performing secondary filtration, and forming an ozone/activated carbon system to ensure that the hydroxyl radicals of activated carbon are used and the organic reaction in wastewater is adopted to decolor and degrade organic matters. The invention overcomes the defects of the existing physical method, chemical method and chemical method treatment technologies; and the technology has been used in many enterprises, and the good treatment effects are obtained.
Owner:李斌 +2

Handling method for advanced purification of little-volume refractory wastewater and operation equipment

The invention relates to a treatment method for small water quantity refractory wastewater deep purifying and utilizing. The method comprises the following steps: step one, pre-filtrating wastewater is performed firstly; step two, the pH value of the wastewater is adjusted to 3-5 to ensure the wastewater to present subacidity; step three, the wastewater flows into a spout-fluid bed reaction tower, the wastewater is processed through a micro-electrolysis method, and micro-electrolysis composite functional material is utilized in the micro-electrolysis method; step four, the wastewater is processed through a photo-assisted fenton catalytic oxidation method; step five, the pH value of the wastewater is adjusted to 6.8-7.8, and then the wastewater is processed through strengthen flocculation method; step six, the wastewater flows to a microwave catalysis reactor, and is processed through a microwave catalytic oxidation method; step seven, the wastewater flows into a UV photochemical reactor, and is processed through the UV photocatalysis; step eight, the wastewater flows into a gravitation filter, and the wastewater can be clarified to meet the requirement of the reuse water quality. The invention also provides equipment for performing the treatment method.

Preparation method of white carbon black modified styrene-butadiene rubber facing green tires and product thereof

The invention provides a preparation method of white carbon black modified styrene-butadiene rubber facing green tires and a product thereof. White carbon black is used in the technical field of styrene-butadiene rubber modification, so as to provide guidance to the application of the white carbon black modified styrene-butadiene rubber in the tire industry. The styrene-butadiene rubber is characterized in that the styrene-butadiene rubber contains white carbon black of which the weight percentage to dry styrene-butadiene rubber latex is 30 percent to 100 percent. The preparation method comprises the steps that firstly, the white carbon black is mixed with water to obtain a white carbon black-water suspension; afterwards, the white carbon black-water suspension is subject to surface treatment, so as to enable the surface of the white carbon black to be organized; the pH (potential of hydrogen) value of the suspension is adjusted to be 9 to 12; and finally, the suspension is evenly mixed with the styrene-butadiene rubber latex to obtain liquid styrene-butadiene rubber sizing to which the white carbon black is added, and then the modified styrene-butadiene rubber containing the white carbon black is prepared by adopting an emulsion blending and flocculation process. The white carbon black modified styrene-butadiene rubber prepared by adopting the preparation method has the advantages that the white carbon black is evenly distributed in the styrene-butadiene rubber, and compared with pure styrene-butadiene rubber, the mechanical performance, the wet-skid resistant performanceand the rolling resistance of the white carbon black modified styrene-butadiene rubber are remarkably improved.

Washing machine with circulating water treatment function and control method thereof

A washing machine with a circulated water treatment function and a control method therefor. The washing machine comprises a water holding barrel (2), a washing structure arranged inside the water holding barrel (2) and a circulated water treatment device arranged under the water holding barrel (2), wherein the circulated water treatment device comprises a flocculation treatment unit and a filtering unit, the flocculation treatment unit comprises a flocculation container (10) connected to the water holding barrel (2) and a flocculation agent dosing device (11) for dosing a flocculation agent into the flocculation container (10), and water is discharged from the water holding barrel (2) to the flocculation container (10) for flocculation treatment; and the filtering unit comprises a filtering container (12) and a filter net (13) arranged inside the filtering container (12), the filtering container (12) is in communication with the flocculation container (10) and the water holding barrel (2), respectively, for filtering the water having been flocculation-treated in the flocculation container (10) and discharging same again into the water holding barrel (2) for reuse. The washing machine circularly treats water by flocculation and filtration till the end of washing, in which the water is discharged into the circulated water treatment device for purification in the flocculation treatment unit and the filtering unit and finally discharged outside. The washing machine has the advantages of saving water resources, reducing water pollution and protecting the environment.

Treatment system and treatment method for biochemical effluent of industrial wastewater

The invention provides a treatment system and treatment method for biochemical effluent of industrial wastewater. The treatment system comprises a flocculation sedimentation unit, a filtration unit, an advanced oxidation unit, an ultrafiltration unit, a reverse osmosis unit, a nanofiltration unit, an electrodialysis unit and an evaporation unit which are sequentially connected; and the water production outlet of the ultrafiltration unit is connected with the water inlet tank of the reverse osmosis unit, and the concentrated-water outlet of the reverse osmosis unit is connected with the water inlet of the nanofiltration unit. According to the invention, the treatment system and the treatment method utilize the coupling and synergistic effects of a physical-chemical method and a membrane technology to overcome the limitation of using a single technology, and the advanced treatment and desalination reuse of the industrial wastewater are realized; and the treatment system and the treatmentmethod have the advantages of strong adaptability to raw water, a high recovery rate of fresh water, a high concentration multiple of concentrated water, low energy consumption of evaporation and crystallization and the like, greatly improve the reuse rate of the industrial wastewater, reduce the amount of wastewater discharging, can be applied to the deep treatment and desalination reuse of various effluent wastewater, and promote the promotion and application of the technology in related industries.

Large-scaled culture method of high-concentration nitrosobacteria and application thereof

The invention discloses a large-scaled culture method of high-concentration nitrosobacteria and application thereof. The method comprises the following steps of: (1) adding an enrichment culture solution with initial ammonia nitrogen mass concentration of 30-500mg/L in a reaction device with functions of stirring, heating and aeration; preparing activated sludge of a waste water treatment plant in activated sludge of 0.5-20% for primary inoculation to conduct the enrichment culture of the nitrosobacteria by 2-6d as a culture cycle, wherein extra ammonium salts and a growth promoter are added during the enrichment culture of the nitrosobacteria; (2) ending the culture when the concentration of NO2-N in the solution is accumulated to reach 70-95% of the concentration of total nitrogen; adding a flocculating agent for flocculation and sedimentation; and allowing to stand still to remove supernate, and then adding the enrichment culture solution to start the culture of the second cycle; and (3) continuously conducting 3-8 cycles of the enrichment culture to obtain the high-concentration nitrosobacteria. By adopting the nitrosobacteria to strengthen the bi-nitrification treatment of ammonia nitrogen contained waste water, the method has the advantages of high stress resistance, low cost and high efficiency and is suitable for the complicated treatment of ammonia nitrogen contained industrial waste water.
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