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16263results about "Water/sewage treatment by flocculation/precipitation" patented technology

Mobile station and methods for diagnosing and modeling site specific full-scale effluent treatment facility requirements

InactiveUS20110257788A1Reduce financial riskHigh continuity of operationWater/sewage treatment by neutralisationSustainable biological treatmentInitial treatmentIon exchange
A mobile station and methods are disclosed for diagnosing and modeling site specific effluent treatment facility requirements to arrive at a treatment regimen and/or proposed commercial plant model idealized for the particular water/site requirements. The station includes a mobile platform having power intake, effluent intake and fluid outflow facilities and first and second suites of selectably actuatable effluent pre-treatment apparatus. An effluent polishing treatment array is housed at the station and includes at least one of nanofiltration, reverse osmosis and ion-exchange stages. A suite of selectively actuatable post-treatment apparatus is housed at the station. Controls are connected at the station for process control, monitoring and data accumulation. A plurality of improved water treatment technologies is also disclosed. The modeling methods include steps for analyzing raw effluent to be treated, providing a field of raw effluent condition entry values and a field of treated effluent condition goals entry values, and utilizing said fields to determine an initial treatment model including a selection of, and use parameters for, treatment technologies from the plurality of down-scaled treatment technologies at the facility, the model dynamically and continuously modifiable during treatment modeling.

Rapid treatment method for fracturing flowback fluid

The invention discloses a rapid treatment method for a fracturing flowback fluid. The rapid treatment method comprises: (1) pumping a fracturing flowback fluid into an electron beam irradiation chamber, and staying for 20-120 s in the electron beam irradiation chamber; (2) adding a coagulant and a flocculant into the sewage treated by the electron beam irradiation chamber, and clarifying in a flocculation precipitation pool; (3) feeding the water treated by the flocculation precipitation a precision filtration pool, and carrying out fine filtration; and (4) collecting the water filtered by theprecision filtration pool in a clear water pool. According to the present invention, the gel breaking stage uses physical gel breaking so as to achieve clean gel breaking and greatly reduce the sideeffects of external agents, such that the reuse quality of the fracturing flowback fluid is good, and the fracturing flowback fluid is safe; the gel breaking time is shortened from 5-120 min to 20-120s so as to greatly improve the gel breaking speed; and compared with the traditional chemical gel breaking method and the biological gel breaking method, the method of the present invention simplifyfeeding equipment and other supporting equipment, reduces the occupation area, and reduces the complexity of manual operation.

Methods for removing heavy metals from water using chemical precipitation and field separation methods

A two-step chemical precipitation process involving hydroxide precipitation and sulfide precipitation combined with “field separation ” technology such as magnetic separation, dissolved air flotation, vortex separation, or expanded plastics flotation, effectively removes chelated and non-chelated heavy metal precipitates and other fine particles from water. In the first-step, the non-chelated heavy metals are precipitated as hydroxides and removed from the water by a conventional liquid/solids separator such as an inclined plate clarifier to remove a large percentage of the dissolved heavy metals. The cleaned water is then treated in a second precipitation step to remove the residual heavy metals to meet discharge limits. In the second precipitation step, any metal precipitant more effective than hydroxide for metal precipitation can be used. The invention improves metal removal, lowers cost because fewer chemicals are used, produces less sludge, and reduces the discharge of toxic metals and metal precipitants to the environment. Magnetic separation is preferred for the separation of particles precipitated in the second stage. Similar methods can be employed for separation of other particulates from water. Particulates can also be removed by causing them to adhere to particles of expanded plastic, forming a floc lighter than water, so that the floc can be removed by flotation.
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