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12562results about "Water/sewage treatment by oxidation" patented technology

Reactor for catalytically oxidizing wastewater through ozone and application method thereof

The invention discloses a reactor for catalytically oxidizing wastewater through ozone and an application method thereof. The reactor comprises a reaction chamber, a water inlet, a water outlet, a gasoutlet and a circulating water outlet, wherein a separation plate in the reaction chamber is used for separating the lower part of the reaction chamber into a jet flow reaction chamber and a tower type reaction chamber; the jet flow reaction chamber is internally provided with a first catalysis bed layer and an ejector; the circulating water outlet is connected with a working fluid inlet of the ejector; the gas outlet is connected with a sucked liquid inlet of the ejector through a gas circulating pipe; the water inlet is arranged at the bottom of the jet flow reaction chamber; the tower typereaction chamber is internally provided with a tower plate and a second catalysis bed layer; the water outlet is arranged at the bottom of the tower type reaction chamber; a gas inlet is communicatedwith the lower side of the tower plate and the gas circulating pipe; the gas circulating pipe is connected with a tail gas outlet. The reactor has the advantages of high mass transfer efficiency, rapid reaction speed, high ozone utilization rate, high COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) removal rate and the like.

Apparatus for the purification of water and method therefor

An apparatus and method for the purification of contaminated water whereby the contamination level of the wastewater is automatically monitored and treatment self-adjusted and continued until the desired level of purification is reached. Specifically, if upon treatment a pre-set purification level is not obtained a water recycle control means completely precludes the uptake of additional contaminated water and recycles wastewater within the apparatus until the desired level of purification is obtained. The present invention more particularly pertains to an efficient, turn key, economical, movable, automatic and compact apparatus and method for treating a fluid with ozone comprising multiple pressurized contact columns which are arranged in a hybrid parallel and series column configuration, which utilizes a unique water recycle control system and piping arrangement to improve the efficiency of the mass transfer of ozone into the water and increase its solubility by increasing the contact time between the water phase and the gas phase. The apparatus and method of the present invention has the further advantage that it requires minimal installation and may be used to fulfill the clean and safe water needs of any hotel, resort, restaurant, hospital, light industry, commercial business, apartment complex or small city.

Method for surface corona/ozone making, devices utilizing the same and methods for corona and ozone applications

A method for making surface corona discharge, which produces ozone gas and apparatus for producing the same are disclosed, in which a dielectric spacer/film having a specific capacity C' equal to or more than 200 nanofarad per square meter positioned between the base electrode and the net electrode. Said net electrode is a wire net or a perforated metal or a wire winding having an open area not less than about 70%, and a size of hole D equals to or less than about 0.7V/P, where V is a voltage in kilovolts and P is pressure of an ambient air or an oxygen in atmospheres. Net electrode has radius R of wire or radius of an edge of openings in the perforated metal equal to or more than about 1.6d, where d is the thickness of the said dielectric spacer/film, which is determined by a fundamental formula d=9k/C', where d is in millimeters, C' is in nF/m2, and k is dimensionless dielectric constant k of given material. Under disclosed parameters said surface corona is safe for human contact if said net electrode is grounded. Start voltage Vst of ozone production is determined by experimental formula Vst=0.7+60/C', kV, here C' in nF/m2. The even and high intensity corona surface and high ozone output takes place if the operating voltage is more than about 3Vst. AC power supply is applied to produce ozone gas at "home" voltage 0.7-1.0 kV and produces ozone gas more effectively at 2,5-3.6 kV. A method for disinfection and decontamination of objects by using the direct corona contact and apparatus for making the same is disclosed, in which safe corona surface is placed on said object and is acting by ozone, ultraviolet and ion bombing simultaneously in the unique environment, which takes place inside of the safe corona. A method for ozone disinfection and decontamination and devices for making the same is disclosed, in which said ozone generating element is placed in a closed container/room with or without treated objects and produce a high ozone concentration due to effective ozone dispersion from corona surface without blowing of air/oxygen through said container/room.

Membrane electrolyzer and hemodialysis system using the same

A sorbent hemodialysis system includes a dialyzer configured to receive a flow of clean dialysate from a reservoir and to output an unclean dialysate flow. The system also includes a sorbent component having a urease section and a sorbent section through which the unclean dialysate flow from the dialyzer passes, wherein the sorbent component removes urea from the dialysate. The system further comprises a membrane electrolyzer that receives at least a portion of said clean dialysate flow and separates the dialysate flow into an acidic component flow and a base component flow. A mixing conduit combines the base component flow from the membrane electrolyzer and an output dialysate solution from the urease section of the sorbent component to separate the dialysate solution into an ammonia gas amount and ammonia liquid amount. A gas vent is used to vent the ammonia gas amount, and the sorbent section with a suitable amount of zirconium phosphate (ZrP) removes the ammonia liquid amount from the unclean dialysate flow before flowing the clean dialysate to the reservoir. The system can further include a second mixing conduit upstream of the sorbent section of the sorbent component, the second mixing conduit combining the acidic component flow and the ammonia liquid amount in the dialysate solution to increase the pH of the dialysate solution to about 7.5 prior to returning to the reservoir.

Catalyst for treatment of waste water, and method for treatment of waste water using the catalyst

Disclosed are: a catalyst which can exhibit an excellent catalytic activity and excellent durability for a long period in the wet oxidation treatment of waste water; a wet oxidation treatment method for waste water using the catalyst; and a novel method for treating waste water containing a nitrogenated compound, in which a catalyst to be used has a lower catalytic cost, the waste water containing the nitrogenated compound can be treated at high purification performance, and the high purification performance can be maintained. The catalyst for use in the treatment of waste water comprises an oxide of at least one element selected from the group consisting of iron, titanium, silicon, aluminum, zirconium and cerium as a component (A) and at least one element selected from the group consisting of silver, gold, platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium and iridium as a component (B), wherein at least 70 mass% of the component (B) is present in a region positioned within 1000 [mu]m from the outer surface of the component (A) (i.e., the oxide), the component (B) has an average particle diameter of 0.5 to 20 nm, and the solid acid content in the component (A) (i.e., the oxide) is 0.20 mmol/g or more. The waste water treatment method uses a catalyst (a pre-catalyst) which is placed on an upstream side of the direction of the flow of the waste water and can convert the nitrogenated compound contained in the waste water into ammoniacal nitrogen in the presence of an oxidizing agent at a temperature of not lower than 100 DEG C and lower than 370 DEG C under a pressure at which the waste water can remain in a liquid state and a downstream-side catalyst (a post-catalyst) which is placed downstream of the direction of the flow of the waste water and can treat the waste water containing ammoniacal nitrogen.

Production of potable water and freshwater needs for human, animal and plants from hot and humid air

InactiveUS6868690B2Reduces cargo spaceMinimize any benefitGeneral water supply conservationSeawater treatmentParticulatesFresh water organism
Systems and methods are disclosed for extracting freshwater from atmospheric humidity in extremely hot and humid climates and supplying freshwater to a small group of people, a building, a farm, or forestation area. The freshwater is treated to provide drinking water by disinfecting to eliminate microorganisms and filtration to remove suspended particulates from air, erosion or corrosion products, and disinfected waste. Compact units provide drinking water for individuals, passengers in cars, vans, trucks, or recreational boats, or crewmembers on a seagoing cargo ship whether from atmospheric humidity or from moisture-laden gases. Furthermore, systems are disclosed for the ample supply of freshwater with minimal treatment for small- to large-sized buildings in a manner that alleviates the heat load on buildings. Collection of freshwater from hot humid ambient air is also provided for other uses, such as irrigation and farm animal drinking. Various methods are used for condensation of water vapor suspended in the air as alternative to conventional refrigeration cycles using CFC refrigerants. Devices are disclosed using naturally occurring brackish cold water, circulation of cooling water cooled by thermoelectric cooling or thermoacoustic refrigeration as well as evaporative cooling and transpiration cooling. Water produced by the systems may flow under gravitational forces entirely or with the assistance of boasting pumps.

Slow release coolant filter

A coolant filter for use in filtering a coolant solution which flows through the coolant filter includes a filter housing assembly which is made up of an outer housing which is crimped to a nutplate which defines an internally threaded flow outlet. A generally cylindrical filter element is positioned inside of the filter housing assembly and a first endplate is bonded to the end of the filter element which is adjacent to the nutplate. An endplate member is provided for attachment to the opposite end of the filter element and is configured in such a way so as to define an interior chamber where supplemental coolant additive pellets are stored. A closing plate is applied across the open end of the interior chamber so as to create an enclosed chamber for the supplemental coolant additive pellets. A slow release mechanism is provided for controlling the rate of release of the supplemental coolant additive from the enclosed chamber into the coolant solution. In one embodiment of the present invention, the slow release mechanism includes a diffusion tube which defines a diffusion orifice. In another embodiment of the present invention, the slow release mechanism includes a semipermeable (or osmotic) membrane wafer. In both instances, the slow release mechanism is positioned between the source of supplemental coolant additive and the flow outlet in the nutplate.
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