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10072 results about "Salt solution" patented technology

Method and apparatus for producing and treating novel elastomer composites

InactiveUS6929783B2Facilitate controlling and changing operating parameterImprove economyLiquid degasificationSpecial tyresParticulatesMasterbatch
Elastomer masterbatch is processed in a continuous compounder having multiple parallel elongate rotors axially oriented in an elongate processing chamber. Optionally, additional materials are compounded into the masterbatch, e.g., additives, other elastomeric compositions, etc. Preferably, the masterbatch then is further processed in an open mill. Excellent control of Mooney Viscosity is achieved.In certain preferred embodiments, elastomer composites are produced by novel continuous flow methods and apparatus in which fluid streams of particulate filler and elastomer latex are fed to the mixing zone of a coagulum reactor to form a coagulated mixture in semi-confined flow continuously from the mixing zone through a coagulum zone to a discharge end of the reactor. The particulate filler fluid is fed under high pressure to the mixing zone, such as to form a jet stream to entrain elastomer latex fluid sufficiently energetically to substantially completely coagulate the elastomer with the particulate filler prior to the discharge end without need of adding acid or salt solution or other coagulation step. The coagulated elastomer and particulate filler composite is fed into the aforesaid continuous compounder for processing and control of its moisture level and Mooney Viscosity. Novel elastomer composites are produced. Such novel elastomer composites combine material properties and characteristics, such as choice of filler, elastomer, level of filler loading, moisture level, Mooney Viscosity, balance between molecular weight and amount of bound rubber, and macro-dispersion not previously achieved.

Method and apparatus for producting negative and positive oxidative reductive potential (orp) water

ActiveUS20050121334A1Effective and efficient and economicalCellsWater treatment parameter controlParticulatesElectrolysis
A method and apparatus for electrolytically producing oxidation reduction potential water from aqueous salt solutions for use in disinfection, sterilization, decontamination, wound cleansing. The apparatus includes an electrolysis unit having a three-compartment cell (22) comprising a cathode chamber (18), an anode chamber (16), and a saline solution chamber (20) interposed between the anode and cathod chambers. Two communicating (24, 26) membranes separate the three chambers. The center chamber includes a fluid flow inlet (21a) and outlet (21b) and contains insulative material that ensures direct voltage potential does not travel through the chamber. A supply of water flows through the cathode and anode chambers at the respective sides of the saline chamber. Saline solution flows through the center chamber, either by circulating a pre-prepared aqueous solution containing ionic species, or, alternatively, by circulating pure water or an aqueous solution of, e.g., aqueous hydrogen chloride and ammonium hydroxide, over particulate insulative material coated with a solid electrolyte. Electrical current is provided to the communicating membranes separating the chambers, thus causing an electrolytic reaction that produces both oxidative (positive) and reductive (negative) ORP water.

Method for preparing metal mesh for oil-water separation

The invention belongs to the technical field of chemistry and chemical industry and functional materials, and relates to a method for preparing a metal mesh which has special wetting properties and is used for oil-water separation. The method adopts simple wet-method chemical etching technology, nano-scale microscopic bulges are prepared on the surface of a metal mesh with micron-grade pore diameters, and then a compound which does not contain fluorine and has low surface energy is modified on the surfaces of the microscopic bulges. For the surface of the prepared material, a contact angle of a water drop is more than 150 degrees, and a contact angle of oil is close to 0 degree. Due to the specific wetting properties, the material can allow the oil to pass through the metal mesh smoothly, but the water cannot permeate through the metal mesh completely, so that the property of effectively separating oil-water mixtures is realized. Particularly, the specific wetting properties of the surface of the material can keep stable in acid solution, alkali solution and salt solution, and thus the functional metal mesh can be excellently applied in aspects of metal corrosion prevention and the like. A mesh membrane does not contain the fluorine, and has the advantages of simple preparation method, high permeability of pore space and good oil-water separation effect, and corrosion resistance.

Method of in-situ generation of nano particle on separating membrane surface

The invention relates to the technical field of separating membranes, and in particular to a method of in-situ generation of a nano particle on a separating membrane surface. The method comprises the following steps: conducting surface modification on a basic separating membrane surface for more than once, and conducting in-situ generation of the nano particle for more than once on the separating membrane surface subjected to the surface modification, wherein the special points are that the surface modification refers to the following steps: soaking the basic separating membrane in dopamine buffer salt solution with the concentration of 0.001 mg / mL-100 mg / mL and the PH value of 7-12, modifying for 1 min-7 d under the condition that oxygen or oxidant is participated to form a poly-dopamine layer on the basic separating membrane surface; the in-situ generation of the nano particle refers to the following steps: soaking the separating membrane with the poly-dopamine layer generated on the surface in metal salt solution with the concentration of 0,001-10,000 mM / L for 1 min-300 d to generate the nano particle in situ, or accelerating the in-situ generation of the nano particle under the action of reducer. Compared with the prior art, the preparation method is simple and easy to be operated, economic, efficient and environmental-friendly, and facilitates industrialisation.

Method of preparing positive active material for rechargeable lithium battery, positive active material for rechargeable lithium battery prepared by same, and rechargeable lithium battery including positive active material

The present invention relates to a method of preparing a positive active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, a positive active material prepared according to the method, and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same. This manufacturing method includes preparing a complex salt solution by mixing a solution including a metal source material and a chelating agent, disposing the complex salt on the surface of a lithium-included compound by adding a lithium-included compound to the complex salt solution, adding a solution including a fluorine source material to the solution including a lithium-included compound with the complex salt on the surface, and heat-treating the mixture. The present invention provides a simple method of economically preparing a positive active material in which structural transition on the surface is prevented and securing a uniform coating layer. In addition, the positive active material can have improved charge and discharge characteristics, cycle life characteristic, and rate characteristic. It also has improved ion conductivity, and accordingly can improve mobility of lithium ions in an electrolyte and thereby improve discharge potential of a battery. Furthermore, the positive active material can decrease the amount of a conductive material and increase density of a substrate.

Method for preparing nanocomposite by using two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenide nanosheets and metal

The invention relates to a method for preparing a nanocomposite by using two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenide nanosheets and metal, and belongs to the field of nanomaterial synthesis. The method mainly includes adding a reducing agent and a stabilizing agent into monolayer or multi-layer two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenide nanosheet aqueous dispersion obtained after chemical intercalation, then injecting a certain amount of metal salt solution, and preparing the metal nanocomposite based on monolayer or few-layer two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenide nanosheets on the conditions of ice bath, hydrothermal method, microwaves, ultrasound and the like. In the composite, metal nanoparticles can be evenly distributed on the surfaces of the nanosheets, and the obtained composite can be evenly dispersed in water, and can be used in the solution phase and further processed. Through compositing of the metal nanoparticles, photoelectric property of two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenide can be improved, and the nanocomposite has good application prospects in the fields of supercapacitors, fuel cells and biosensors based on surface enhanced Raman detection, and the like.

Multi-element composite positive pole material for lithium secondary battery and preparation thereof

The invention discloses a multi-element composite positive electrode material of a Li-ion secondary battery and the preparation method thereof. The multi-element composite positive electrode material with a spherical shape, narrow particle size distribution, consistency equal to or less than 0.3 and tap density equal to or larger than 2.2 g/cm is represented by a chemical formula LiNixCoyMnzO2, where x is not less than 0.5 and not larger than 1, y is not less than 0 and not larger than 0.2, z is not less than 0 and not larger than 0.3, and the summation of x, y and z is equal to 1. The preparation method comprises the following steps: controlling the crystallization and precipitation of Ni, Co and Mn salt solution to obtain Ni-Mn-Co precipitate with narrow particle size distribution and satisfactory consistency and tap density; washing and drying to obtain a precursor; mixing the precursor with a Li compound in deionized water, and drying to obtain a mixed material; sintering the dried material, crushing and classifying to obtain a primary material; and sintering the primary material, screening and classifying to obtain the final product. The method can improve the specific capacity of the material and control the profile and the particle size of the material, thereby improving the material stability.

Method for soft soil foundation treatment through microorganism grouting sand drain

Disclosed is a method for soft soil foundation treatment through microorganism grouting sand drain. The method comprises the steps that a, a pile hole 1 is formed in a soft soil foundation to be treated, and sand is poured into the pile hole 1 to form a sand pile; b, a urease-producing microorganism solution 9 and a nutritive salt solution 10 are sequentially and evenly injected into the sand pile through a grouting tube 6, sand cementation is achieved through the microorganism induction calcium carbonate crystal technology, the concentration of the urease-producing microorganism solution 9 and the concentration of the nutritive salt solution 10 are controlled, sand in the pile body forms a specific cementation mode, and the good water permeable characteristic is ensured; c, after the microorganism grouting solidification sand pile is formed, a flexible water permeable sand cushion 4 is laid on the top of the foundation jointly formed by the sand oil and pile space soil 2, prepressing loads 5 are exerted on the top of the flexible water permeable sand cushion 4, pore water in the pile space soil 2 is made to be drained along a drainage channel formed by the sand pile and the sand cushion, the pile space soil is solidified, and the composite foundation with the high bearing capacity is formed jointly through the soft soil obtained after drainage and solidification are carried out on the microorganism grouting sand pile and the flexible water permeable sand cushion covering the soft soil.

Hydrocracking catalyst and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a hydrocracking catalyst and a preparation method thereof. The hydrocracking catalyst comprises: a carrier composed of a modified beta molecular sieve, a modified Y type molecular sieve and alumina, and hydrogenation active metal components. Specifically, the modified beta molecular sieve is prepared by: subjecting a crystallized beta molecular sieve slurry directly to ammonium exchange and a template agent removal treatment, then first conducting a hydrothermal treatment, and performing an aluminum salt solution treatment, under the condition of maintaining a high beta molecular sieve crystallinity, removing part of non-framework aluminum uniformly, thus obtaining the beta molecular sieve with the characteristics of high Si / Al ratio, large specific surface area, appropriate acidity and acid distribution, and reasonable structure, etc. The modified beta molecular sieve especially has a suitable cracking effect and a very good isomerization effect on long-chain alkane and the long side chain alkyl of aromatic hydrocarbon and cyclane, and has a synergistic effect with the Y type molecular sieve, so that the hydrocracking catalyst can have very high catalytic activity and middle distillate selectivity. And the condensation point of diesel fraction is substantially reduced, and the product properties of middle distillate are improved.
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