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2188 results about "Surface energy" patented technology

Surface free energy or interfacial free energy or surface energy quantifies the disruption of intermolecular bonds that occurs when a surface is created. In the physics of solids, surfaces must be intrinsically less energetically favorable than the bulk of a material (the molecules on the surface have more energy compared with the molecules in the bulk of the material), otherwise there would be a driving force for surfaces to be created, removing the bulk of the material (see sublimation). The surface energy may therefore be defined as the excess energy at the surface of a material compared to the bulk, or it is the work required to build an area of a particular surface. Another way to view the surface energy is to relate it to the work required to cut a bulk sample, creating two surfaces.

High-durability super-hydrophobic self-cleaning coating material and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN101962514AHas the following advantages: (1) cleanlinessHas the following advantages: (1) has the functionAntifouling/underwater paintsPaints with biocidesDouble bondDimethyl siloxane
The invention belongs to the technical field of a new chemical material, and in particular relates to a high-durability super-hydrophobic self-cleaning coating material and a preparation method thereof. The coating material of the invention is prepared by curing and drying nanoparticles with photo-catalytic activity, a low-surface-free-energy polymer and a cross-linking agent at the room temperature, wherein the low-surface-free-energy polymer consists of one or more of polysiloxane fluoride, dimethyl silicone polymer and polyphenylene methyl siloxane, which contain active groups, such as hydroxyl alkoxy group, carbon-carbon double bond, silanol group, siloxy group, and the like; the cross-linking agent is hydrogen-containing silicone oil or aminosilane; and the mass content of the photo-catalytic nanoparticles in the coating ranges from 10 to 60 percent. The coating is formed into a micro-nanostructure by nanoparticle self-organization; a super-hydrophobic self-cleaning coating with lotus effect is prepared from the coating and a cross-linked filming matrix with low surface energy; the persistence of a lotus-shaped super-hydrophobic characteristic of the coating is realized by using the photo-catalytic decomposition characteristic of an organic pollutant for the nanoparticles; and thus the material is suitable for large-area construction and has high weathering resistance andprominent self-cleaning characteristic.

Hydrophobic self-cleaning coating composition

The present invention provides a water based, low VOC super hydrophobic coating composition that can be used to make wet and dry dirt repellent surfaces to keep the surfaces clean for a reasonable period of time. The coating utilizes hydrophobic nanoparticles dispersed in water. This treatment produces a virtually transparent coating releasing very little or no VOC compounds whereas previous coatings of comparable hydrophobicity release up to 99 percent VOC compounds. The coating can be applied by a simple, single application method and the super hydrophobic property can be achieved by drying at room temperature for 5 to 10 minutes. A preferred coating can be easily removed and renewed when desired. The aqueous hydrophobic self cleaning coating composition that can be applied by conventional methods such as by spraying the composition onto a surface creating a wet and dry dirt repellent coating on the surface. The hydrophobic self cleaning coatings are used on exterior automotive and boat surfaces, and in many other applications, to produce a self cleaning surface, reduce adherence of dirt and contaminants to a treated surface, and reduce drag in some applications providing an energy savings. The coating solves the problem of poor resistance to UV light, opaque appearance, and/or abrasion found in previous coatings of similar nature. A preferred coating has good resistance to UV light and some resistance to abrasion. Clear, nearly transparent and translucent coatings are produced as compared to conventional coatings of comparable hydrophobicity which are typically white or opaque. The coating can be applied by a single and easy spraying method and the super hydrophobic property can be achieved by drying the film by evaporation of the solvent wetting solution and water based carrier at ambient temperature for 5 to 10 minutes. Embodiments of the hydrophobic self-cleaning coating composition can be produced resulting in a clear coating or in some cases a translucent dirt repellant film or coating on painted material, plastic, metal, glass, ceramic, fiberglass or a polymer substrate. The coating typically utilizes hydrophobic nanoparticles of fumed silica and/or titania wetted by a hydrophilic solvent such as acetone for no VOC applications, or with mineral spirits, alcohol or a light distillate if VOC are not a consideration, together with a selected surfactant typically having an HLB value in a range of from 9 to 13.
At least one preferred coating composition comprising an effective amount of a treated fumed silica wetted with a solvent and dispersed in water, upon drying, resulted in a coated surface providing a contact angle of at least 165 degrees and a surface energy below 12 dynes/centimeter as compared to water having a contact angle of from 65 to 80 degrees on a noncoated surface. The composition imparts a degree of hydrophobicity to a surface so that the surface will have a tilt angle of sliding of less than 2 degrees as compared to water on a noncoated surface having a tilt angle of sliding of 90 degrees or higher. The coating composition is removed by washing with a detergent or applying pressure to the coating wiping same from the treated surface. Exposure to water in the form of rain or snow does not remove the coating composition.

Method for preparing metal mesh for oil-water separation

The invention belongs to the technical field of chemistry and chemical industry and functional materials, and relates to a method for preparing a metal mesh which has special wetting properties and is used for oil-water separation. The method adopts simple wet-method chemical etching technology, nano-scale microscopic bulges are prepared on the surface of a metal mesh with micron-grade pore diameters, and then a compound which does not contain fluorine and has low surface energy is modified on the surfaces of the microscopic bulges. For the surface of the prepared material, a contact angle of a water drop is more than 150 degrees, and a contact angle of oil is close to 0 degree. Due to the specific wetting properties, the material can allow the oil to pass through the metal mesh smoothly, but the water cannot permeate through the metal mesh completely, so that the property of effectively separating oil-water mixtures is realized. Particularly, the specific wetting properties of the surface of the material can keep stable in acid solution, alkali solution and salt solution, and thus the functional metal mesh can be excellently applied in aspects of metal corrosion prevention and the like. A mesh membrane does not contain the fluorine, and has the advantages of simple preparation method, high permeability of pore space and good oil-water separation effect, and corrosion resistance.

Micro-nano coating material with low surface energy and preparation method thereof

ActiveCN106085070AEasy to control surface topographyEasy to control the size of the surface energyPolyurea/polyurethane coatingsPowdery paintsEtchingMicrosphere
The invention belongs to the technical field of functional materials, and particularly relates to a micro-nano coating material with low surface energy and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method comprises the following steps of mixing composite microspheres with micro sodium structure and hydrophobic nature, matrix resin with contact angle more than 90 degrees with coating film, solvent, powder, and additive, and adopting a co-mixing method, an in-situ emulsion polymerizing method, an in-situ solution polymerizing method, an in-situ concentration and polymerizing method, an in-situ addition and polymerizing method and the like, so as to prepare the coating material with micro-nano structure; performing spraying, brushing, roll coating, photo-etching, 3D (three-dimensional) printing, mechanical processing and the like, drying and curing at the temperature of 0 to 1000 DEG C, and coating the coating material with micro-nano structure onto different matrix surfaces, so as to obtain the micro-nano coating material with low surface energy and groove structure. The micro-nano coating material has the advantages that the preparation technology is simple, the coating hardness is high, the water-resistant property is good, the adhesion force to different matrix surfaces is strong, and the micro-nano coating material can be used for self-cleaning, resistance-reducing, denoising, anti-icing and other functional materials.

Super-hydrophobic nanometer transparent coating and preparation method thereof

The invention provides a super-hydrophobic nanometer transparent coating and a preparation method thereof and belongs to the technical field of super-hydrophobic paint. The method includes the steps that firstly, a first category of inorganic nanometer particles are added into an organic solution, and ultrasonic dispersion is performed; secondly, dispersing agents and a second category of inorganic nanometer particles are added, and ultrasonic dispersion is performed so that a dispersion solution can be obtained; crosslinking agents and additives are added in the dispersion solution, ultrasonic dispersion is performed, finally, low-surface energy polymers are added, mixtures are evenly mixed, and transparent and clear super-hydrophobic paint is obtained; the surface of a solid base materials is coated with the transparent and clear super-hydrophobic paint, and the super-hydrophobic nanometer transparent coating is obtained through low-temperature thermal drying and curing. The super-hydrophobic performance of the super-hydrophobic nanometer transparent coating prepared through the method is excellent, the contact angle can be 160 degrees, the rolling angle is 1-7 degrees, the super-hydrophobic nanometer transparent coating can be sprayed to the surfaces of most of common materials, the morphology of the surfaces of the materials are not changed, and the application prospects and the application potency are very wide.

Method of imprinting shadow mask nanostructures for display pixel segregation

The present invention is directed to micro- and nano-scale imprinting methods and the use of such methods to fabricate supported and/or free-standing 3-D micro- and/or nano-structures of polymeric, ceramic, and/or metallic materials, particularly for pixel segregation in OLED-based displays. In some embodiments, a duo-mold approach is employed in the fabrication of these structures. In such methods, surface treatments are employed to impart differential surface energies to different molds and/or different parts of the mold(s). Such surface treatments permit the formation of three-dimensional (3-D) structures through imprinting and the transfer of such structures to a substrate. In some or other embodiments, such surface treatments and variation in glass transition temperature of the polymers used can facilitate separation of the 3-D structures from the molds to form free-standing micro- and/or nano-structures individually and/or in a film. In some or other embodiments, a “latch-on” assembly technique is utilized to form supported and/or free-standing stacked micro- and/or nano-structures that enable the assembly of polymers without a glass transition temperature and eliminate the heating required to assemble thermoplastic polymers.

Photocatalytic type self-repairing super-hydrophobic coating and preparation method thereof

The invention belongs to the technical field of new chemical materials and relates to a photocatalytic type self-repairing super-hydrophobic coating and a preparation method thereof. The coating comprises the following materials: 10-50 percent of thermoplastic film-forming resin, 5-20 percent of low-surface energy material, 1-10 percent of photocatalytic active nano particles, 5-40 percent of hydrophobicity nano particles and 20-60 percent of organic solvent. The preparation method comprises the following steps: firstly, allowing nano particles to be subjected to fluorosilane modification to obtain the hydrophobicity nano particles; then, weighing all components of the coating for mixing, and performing high-speed shearing dispersing to obtain the coating provided by the invention. The coating can be applied to the surfaces of base materials such as steel material, aluminium alloy, plastic and composite in the way of brushing, spraying and the like, and a lotus leaf type super-hydrophobic coating can be obtained through drying. The coating can realize super-hydrophobic self-repairing through UV irradiation after being polluted by organic pollutant or subjected to mechanical wear by external forces, so that the coating has extremely good super-hydrophobic performance and perdurability, and the long-term using performance under the outdoor environments is also ensured.
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