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9374 results about "Acrylate" patented technology

Acrylates (IUPAC: prop-2-enoates) are the salts, esters, and conjugate bases of acrylic acid and its derivatives. The acrylate ion is the anion CH₂=CHCOO⁻. Often acrylate refers to esters of acrylic acid, the most common member being methyl acrylate. Acrylates contain vinyl groups directly attached to the carbonyl carbon. These monomers are of interest because they are bifunctional: the vinyl group is susceptible to polymerization and the carboxylate group carries myriad functionality. Modified acrylates are also numerous, include methacrylates (CH₂=C(CH₃)CO₂R) and cyanoacrylates (CH₂=C(CN)CO₂R).

Electrically switchable polymer-dispersed liquid crystal materials including switchable optical couplers and reconfigurable optical interconnects

A new photopolymerizable material allows single-step, fast recording of volume holograms with properties that can be electrically controlled. Polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (PDLCs) in accordance with the invention preferably comprise a homogeneous mixture of a nematic liquid crystal and a multifunctional pentaacrylate monomer in combination with photoinitiator, coinitiator and cross-linking agent. Optionally, a surfactant such as octancic acid may also be added. The PDLC material is exposed to coherent light to produce an interference pattern inside the material. Photopolymerization of the new PDLC material produces a hologram of clearly separated liquid crystal domains and cured polymer domains. Volume transmission gratings made with the new PDLC material can be electrically switched between nearly 100% diffraction efficiency and nearly 0% diffraction efficiency. By increasing the frequency of the switching voltage, switching voltages in the range of 50 Vrms can be achieved. The optional use of a surfactant allows low switching voltages at lower frequencies than without a surfactant. In an alternative embodiment, a PDLC material in accordance with the invention can be utilized to form reflection gratings, including switchable reflection gratings. In still further embodiments, a PDLC material in accordance with the invention can be used to form switchable subwavelength gratings. By further processing, static transmission, reflection, and subwavelength PDLC materials can be formed. In addition, PDLC materials in accordance with the present invention can be used to form switchable slanted transmission gratings suitable for switchable optical coupling and reconfigurable optical interconnects.

Curable liquids and inks for toys and food packaging applications

A free radical curable liquid for inkjet printing of food packaging materials includes no initiator or otherwise one or more initiators selected from the group consisting of non-polymeric di- or multifunctional initiators, oligomeric initiators, polymeric initiators, and polymerizable initiators; and a polymerizable composition of the liquid consists essentially of: a) 25-100 wt % of one or more polymerizable compounds A having at least one acrylate group G1 and at least one second ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable functional group G2 selected from the group consisting of a vinlyether group, an allylether group, and a allylester group; b) 0-55 wt % of one or more polymerizable compounds B selected from the group consisting of monofunctional acrylates and difunctional acrylates; and c) 0-55 wt % of one or more polymerizable compounds C selected from the group consisting of trifunctional acrylates, tetrafunctional acrylates, pentafunctional acrylates and hexafunctional acrylates. If the weight percentage of compounds B>24 wt %, then the weight percentage of compounds C>1 wt %, and all weight percentages of A, B, and C are based upon the total weight of the polymerizable composition. At least one polymerizable compound B or C is present in the polymerizable composition if the free radical curable liquid contains no initiator.

Chromium-free passivation liquid for galvanized sheet and manufacture method thereof

The invention in particular relates to passivation solution without chrome which is used for galvanized sheets and a method thereof. The technical scheme thereof comprises: firstly, dissolving inorganic salt corrosion inhibitor, then, adding the inorganic salt corrosion inhibitor into a stirred tank, adding dispersant, organic acid, sealant, silicone-acrylate emulsion and water while stirring, then, using inorganic acid or alkali to regulate the pH value to be 2.0-5.0, and then stirring for 1-2 hours under the condition that the temperature is 20-30 DEG C, the content of the components of each liter is: the inorganic salt corrosion inhibitor 10-55g, additive 4-10g, the organic acid 5-20g, the sealant 5-30g, the silicone-acrylate emulsion 150-300g, and the rest is the water. The method of the invention can additionally form a layer of organic resin separate layer on the basis of forming an inorganic metal compound precipitation film, additionally, since the silicon compound is added, not only the binding force between a passivation layer and zinc coating can be increased, but also the corrosion resistance, the scrubbing resistance and the wear resistance of the passivation layer can be increased, and the coating treatment after passivation can not be affected.
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