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53802 results about "Liquid crystal" patented technology

Liquid crystals (LCs) are a state of matter which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals. For instance, a liquid crystal may flow like a liquid, but its molecules may be oriented in a crystal-like way. There are many different types of liquid-crystal phases, which can be distinguished by their different optical properties (such as textures). The contrasting areas in the textures correspond to domains where the liquid-crystal molecules are oriented in different directions. Within a domain, however, the molecules are well ordered. LC materials may not always be in a liquid-crystal phase (just as water may turn into ice or steam).

Portable system for analyzing human gait

The invention is a portable gait analyzer comprising of at least one independent rear foot motion collection unit, at least one independent lower shank motion collection unit, plantar pressure collection unit, at least one processing and display unit, and a soft casing unit. A plurality of accelerometers, rate sensors, force sensor resistors, and pressure sensors provide for the acquisition of acceleration signals, angular velocity signals, foot force signals, and foot pressure signals to be processed. At least one central processing unit, a plurality of memory components, input/output components and ports, telemetry components, calibration components, liquid crystal displays components for the processing and outputting of three dimensional acceleration, angular velocity, tilt, and position. The rearfoot motion collection unit and lower shank motion collection unit interact with the processing and display unit to calculate rear foot kinematic data crucial to identify the motions of pronation and supination. The plantar pressure collection unit interacts with the processing and display unit to calculate plantar pressure data crucial to identify the center of pressure line and excessive and abnormal loads on the sole of the foot. These factors of rear-foot kinematics and plantar pressure lead to gait style identification.

Non-flat liquid crystal display element and method of producing the same

Disclosed is a non-flat liquid crystal display (LCD) element having a liquid crystal, a sealing wall and paired substrates opposed to each other such that a major surface of the LCD element has a non-flat form. In an aspect, spacers are disposed between the substrates, and a spacer density in a predetermined region is different from that in at least a portion of the other region. In another aspect, resin structures are disposed between the substrates and are adhered to the substrates, and a resin structure adhesion area, per unit area of the substrate, with respect to the substrate in a predetermined region is different from that in at least a portion of the other region. In further another aspect, at least one of pixel form, size and arrangement pitch in a predetermined region is different from that in at least a portion of the other region. In further another aspect, the resin structures are disposed between the substrates, and at least one of resin structure form, size and arrangement pitch in a predetermined region is different from that in at least a portion of the other region. Also disclosed is a method of producing a non-flat LCD element. The method includes the steps of: holding a liquid crystal between paired flat substrates to produce a flat LCD element having an entirely flat form; and deforming the flat LCD element into a predetermined non-flat form.

Process for roll-to-roll manufacture of a display by synchronized photolithographic exposure on a substrate web

<heading lvl="0">Abstract of Disclosure</heading> This invention relates to an electrophoretic display or a liquid crystal display and novel processes for its manufacture. The electrophoretic display (EPD) of the present invention comprises microcups of well-defined shape, size and aspect ratio and the microcups are filled with charged pigment particles dispersed in an optically contrasting dielectric solvent. The liquid crystal display (LCD) of this invention comprises well-defined microcups filled with at least a liquid crystal composition having its ordinary refractive index matched to that of the isotropic cup material. A novel roll-to-roll process and apparatus of the invention permits the display manufacture to be carried out continuously by a synchronized photo-lithographic process. The synchronized roll-to-roll process and apparatus permits a pre-patterned photomask, formed as a continuous loop, to be rolled in a synchronized motion in close parallel alignment to a web which has been pre-coated with a radiation sensitive material, so as to maintain image alignment during exposure to a radiation source. The radiation sensitive material may be a radiation curable material, in which the exposed and cured portions form the microcup structure. In an additional process step, the radiation sensitive material may be a positively working photoresist which temporarily seals the microcups. Exposure of a selected subset of the microcups via the photomask image permits selective re-opening, filling and sealing of the microcup subset. Repetition with additional colors permits the continuous assembly of a multicolor EPD or LCD display.

Electro-optical device and method for manufacturing the same

An electro-optical device and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The device comprises a pair of substrates and an electro-optical modulating layer (e.g. a liquid crystal layer having sandwiched therebetween, said pair of substrates consisting of a first substrate having provided thereon a plurality of gate wires, a plurality of source (drain) wires, and a pixel matrix comprising thin film transistors, and a second substrate facing the first substrate, wherein, among the peripheral circuits having established on the first substrate and being connected to the matrix wirings for the X direction and the Y direction, only a part of said peripheral circuits is constructed from thin film semiconductor devices fabricated by the same process utilized for an active device, and the rest of the peripheral circuits is constructed from semiconductor chips. The liquid crystal display device according to the present invention is characterized by that the peripheral circuits are not wholly fabricated into thin film transistors, but only those portions having a simple device structure, or those composed of a small number of devices, or those comprising an IC not easily available commercially, or those comprising an expensive integrated circuit, are fabricated by thin film transistors. According to the present invention, an electro-optical device is provided at an increased production yield with a reduced production cost.
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