6143 results about "Solvent" patented technology

A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution. A solvent is usually a liquid but can also be a solid, a gas, or a supercritical fluid. The quantity of solute that can dissolve in a specific volume of solvent varies with temperature. Common uses for organic solvents are in dry cleaning (e.g. tetrachloroethylene), as paint thinners (e.g. toluene, turpentine), as nail polish removers and glue solvents (acetone, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate), in spot removers (e.g. hexane, petrol ether), in detergents (citrus terpenes) and in perfumes (ethanol). Water is a solvent for polar molecules and the most common solvent used by living things; all the ions and proteins in a cell are dissolved in water within a cell. Solvents find various applications in chemical, pharmaceutical, oil, and gas industries, including in chemical syntheses and purification processes.

Compositions for rapid and non-irritating transdermal delivery of pharmaceutically active agents and methods for formulating such compositions and delivery thereof

InactiveUS6444234B1Effective therapeutic doseReduced barrier effectBiocideCosmetic preparationsSolventActive agent
Pharmaceutical compositions for the transdermal administration of a medicament or other active agent by topical application of the composition to the skin of humans or other animals are described. Methodology for formulating such compositions which provide for very rapid uptake of the medicament and transmigration into and through the skin to either fatty tissues or the vascular system, while minimizing irritation to the skin and/or immunological response, is based on a transdermal delivery system (TDS) wherein the medicament is modified to form a true solution in a complex formed from particular solvents and solvent and solute modifiers in combination with skin stabilizers. Uptake of the medicament is further facilitated and made more rapid by including Forskolin or other source of cellular energy, namely induction of cAMP or cGMP. Selection of specific solvents and solvent and solute modifiers and other functional ingredients and the amounts thereof are chosen such that there is a balance between the sum of the mole-moments [(molar amount of each individual ingredient)x(dipole moment of that ingredient)] of the delivery system and the sum of the moler moments of the composition in which the medicament is dissolved. Preferably, the van der Waals forces of the delivery system is also similarly matched to the van der Waals forces of the total composition, namely, delivery system plus active agent.

Production of solvent oil, lubricant base oil and heavy wax by fischer-tropsch synthetic wax

The invention provides a method of producing prime city naphtha, lube base oil and pyroparaffine from Fischer-Tropsch processed wax. The invention includes: a) contacting the Fischer-Tropsch processed wax with the hydrogenated refined catalyst in a hydrogenation refining reaction zone 1, separating the product in the zone, and obtaining a distillate the final distilling point of which is lower than 380 DEG C to 550 DEG C and a distillate the initial distilling point of which is higher than 380 DEG C to 550 DEG C; b) contacting the distillate the final distilling point of which is lower than 380-550 DEG C to 550 DEG C with a hydrogenated isomerization catalyst in a wax hydrogenation conversion reaction zone, and preparing a wax conversion produced oil the pour point of which is lowered; c) contacting the wax conversion produced oil with the hydrogenated refined catalyst in a hydrogenation refining reaction zone II, and separating the product in a distillation zone 2, obtaining at least one kind of solvent oil and at least one kind of lube base oil; d) contacting the distillate the initial distilling point of which is higher than 380 DEG C to 550 DEG C with a hydrogenated refined catalyst in a hydrogenation refining reaction zone 3, thereby obtaining a wax which is hydrogenated and discolored.

Waterproof/sealing paint with aqueous resin as main body

The invention discloses a waterproof/sealing paint with an aqueous resin as the main body. The aqueous resin is a formula resin which is prepared according to a patent of the applicant of the invention, the aqueous resin and an aqueous hardener are dispersed in an emulsion, and the obtained material which is coated on surfaces of buildings, timbers, rattan articles or metals becomes hard to form a hard and waterproof film after water is evaporated and the aqueous resin penetrates the surface of above objects. The extremely good durability and the extremely waterproof performance are reached, and the exudation of impurities in the objects is sealed, so the influence of the exudation of the impurities in the objects to a next step japanning of the objects is avoided. Compared with general waterproof paints and sealing coats, the waterproof/sealing paint of the invention simultaneously has the functions of waterproof paints and sealing paints, the waterproof/sealing paint which is an aqueous system can be diluted with water, and the waterproof/sealing paint which contains an extremely small amount of organic solvents contains no formaldehyde and no toluene, so the waterproof/sealing paint which has the advantages of environment protection and low usage cost avoids the cost of solvents for diluting the waterproof/sealing paint. The waterproof/sealing paint can be applied to various objects of interior walls and exterior walls of buildings, timbers, metals, rattan articles, paper, various handicrafts and the like.
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