Composite materials having at least one of the following desirable properties is described. Such properties include: rigidity, printability, water-proofness, pliability, recyclable, thermochromic, antimicrobial, electrically conductive, compostable or biodegradability. The composite includes a filler-containing layer and a fiber-containing layer substantially coupled together continuously across the at least one surface of the layers. These composites maybe useful in various markets including, but not limited to, construction, packaging, shipping, consumer products and medical packaging. The inventive composites provide, advantages such as reduction of environmental footprint, improved mechanical properties, usefulness/cost ratio, reduction in material costs compared to prior art, and cosmetic performance are embodied in the present invention.