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12239results about "Filament/thread forming" patented technology

Method and apparatus for producing high efficiency fibrous media incorporating discontinuous sub-micron diameter fibers, and web media formed thereby

A composite filtration medium web of fibers containing a controlled dispersion of a mixture of sub-micron and greater than sub-micron diameter polymeric fibers is described. The filtration medium is made by a two dimensional array of cells, each of which produces a single high velocity two-phase solids-gas jet of discontinuous fibers entrained in air. The cells are arranged so that the individual jets are induced to collide in flight with neighboring jets in their region of fiber formation, to cause the individual nascent fibers of adjacent jets to deform and become entangled with and partially wrap around each other at high velocity and in a localized fine scale manner before they have had an opportunity to cool to a relatively rigid state. The cells are individually adjusted to control the mean diameters, lengths and trajectories of the fibers they produce. Certain cells are adjusted to generate a significant percentage of fibers having diameters less than one micron diameter, and which are relatively shorter in length and certain other cells are adjusted to generate a significant percentage of structure-forming reinforcing fibers having diameters greater than one micron diameter which are relatively longer in length. By employing appropriate close positioning and orientation of the cells in the array, the sub-micron fibers are caused to promptly entangle with and partially wrap around the larger reinforcing fibers. The larger fibers thereby trap and immobilize the sub-micron diameter fibers in the region of formation, to minimize the tendency of sub-micron diameter fibers to clump, agglomerate, or rope together in flight. Also, the larger fibers in flight are made to form a protective curtain to prevent the sub-micron fibers from being carried off by stray air currents.
Owner:THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Method and apparatus for producing high efficiency fibrous media incorporating discontinuous sub-micron diameter fibers, and web media formed thereby

A composite filtration medium web of fibers containing a controlled dispersion of a mixture of sub-micron and greater than sub-micron diameter polymeric fibers is described. The filtration medium is made by a two dimensional array of cells, each of which produces a single high velocity two-phase solids-gas jet of discontinuous fibers entrained in air. The cells are arranged so that the individual jets are induced to collide in flight with neighboring jets in their region of fiber formation, to cause the individual nascent fibers of adjacent jets to deform and become entangled with and partially wrap around each other at high velocity and in a localized fine scale manner before they have had an opportunity to cool to a relatively rigid state. The cells are individually adjusted to control the mean diameters, lengths and trajectories of the fibers they produce. Certain cells are adjusted to generate a significant percentage of fibers having diameters less than one micron diameter, and which are relatively shorter in length and certain other cells are adjusted to generate a significant percentage of structure-forming reinforcing fibers having diameters greater than one micron diameter which are relatively longer in length. By employing appropriate close positioning and orientation of the cells in the array, the sub-micron fibers are caused to promptly entangle with and partially wrap around the larger reinforcing fibers. The larger fibers thereby trap and immobilize the sub-micron diameter fibers in the region of formation, to minimize the tendency of sub-micron diameter fibers to clump, agglomerate, or rope together in flight. Also, the larger fibers in flight are made to form a protective curtain to prevent the sub-micron fibers from being carried off by stray air currents.
Owner:THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Medicated polymer-coated stent assembly

A stent assembly comprising an expensible tubular supporting element and at least one coat of electrospun polymer fibers, each of the at least one coat having a predetermined porosity, the at least one coat including at least one pharmaceutical agent incorporated therein for delivery of the at least one pharmaceutical agent into a body vasculature during or after implantation of the stent assembly within the body vasculature.
Owner:NICAST LTD

Articles containing nanofibers for use as barriers

The present invention is directed to articles comprising nanofibers. Preferred articles include diapers, training pants, adult incontinence pads, catamenials products such as feminine care pads and pantiliners, tampons, personal cleansing articles, personal care articles, and personal care wipes including baby wipes, facial wipes, body wipes, and feminine wipes. The nanofiber webs can be used as a barrier, wipe, absorbent material, and other uses. The nanofibers, having a diameter of less than 1 micron, must comprise a significant number of the fibers in at least one nanofiber layer of the nonwoven web. The nonwoven web may have a hydrohead to basis weight ratio of greater than about 10 mbar / gsm. The nanofibers may be produced from a melt film fibrillation process.
Owner:THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Apparatus and methods for electrospinning polymeric fibers and membranes

An apparatus and methods for electrospinning polymer fibers and membranes are described. The methods include in one aspect electrospinning a polymer fiber from a conducting fluid containing the polymer in the presence of a first electric field established between a conducting fluid introduction device and a ground source and modifying the first electric field with a second electric field to form a jet stream of the conducting fluid. In another aspect the methods include forming an electrospinning jet stream of the conducting fluid and electrically controlling the flow characteristics of the jet stream. In yet another aspect the methods include forming a plurality of electrospinning jet streams of the conducting fluid and independently controlling the flow characteristics of at least one of the jet streams. The apparatus for electrospinning includes a conducting fluid introduction device containing a plurality of electrospinning spinnerets for delivering the conducting fluid, a ground member positioned adjacent to the spinnerets, a support member disposed between the spinnerets and the ground member and movable to receive fibers formed from the conducting fluid, and a means for controlling the flow characteristics of conducting fluid from at least one spinneret independently from the flow characteristics of conducting fluid from another spinneret. An improved conducting fluid introduction device which includes a plurality of spinnerets, each for independently delivering a controlled quantity of conducting fluid at a controlled pressure or flow rate, the spinnerets being charged at an electric potential and being disposed relative to each other to normally interfere with the electric field produced by adjacent spinnerets, each of the spinnerets having a tip at which conducting fluid exits configured to have an electrostatic field strength at each tip stronger than the liquid surface tension at each of the tips is also described.
Owner:RES FOUND THE

Biopolymer nano tunica fibrosa material capable of being biological degraded and absorbed, preparing method and uses of the same

The invention relates to compound millimicron fibrous membrane material of cellulose and cellulose matrix which can perform the biological degradation and the biological absorption and a preparation method thereof and an industry and medical purpose, and belongs to the biological macro-molecule non woven fabric material field which can perform the biological degradation and the biological absorption. Electrostatic spinning equipment is used to obtain the fibrous membrane material which can perform the biological degradation and the biological absorption, the weight of the cellulose is taken as basic reference, the component of the material comprises cellulose more than 0 and less than or equal to 100 weight parts, other biomacromolecule more than and equal to 0 and less than 100 weight parts, 0 to 10 weight parts of curative drug or 0 to 50 weight parts of inorganic catalyzer and / or 0 to 50 weight parts of inorganic strengthening agent. The material of the invention has good biological compatibility, biological degradation property and degradation absorptivity, and can be used for haemostasia material, wound cladding material, organization engineering supporting rack material, the transportation and release of medicine, artificial skin and blood vessel, and postoperation anti blocking material, beauty material and catalyzer carrier, filtering membrane and radiation protection material and so on.
Owner:INST OF CHEM CHINESE ACAD OF SCI

Nano copolymer fibrous membrane material capable of being biodegraded and absorbed and preparation process and use thereof

InactiveCN1961974AOvercome the technical problem of difficult spinningSurgical adhesivesPharmaceutical containersFiberAqueous solution
The invention relates to a gelatin nanometer fiber film which can biologically degrade and absorb, and relative preparation, wherein it via the control on static spin realizes the static spin on gelatin water solution and gelatin / macromolecule mixture water, to obtain the nanometer fiber, which comprises: 0 A61L 27 / 14 A61K 45 / 00 D01D 5 / 00 D01F 1 / 00 A61L 27 / 60 A61L 33 / 06 A61L 24 / 04 A61L 15 / 22 A61F 2 / 02 2 14 3 2005 / 11 / 9 1961974 2007 / 5 / 16 000000000 Institute of Chemistry Chinese Academy of Science Beijing 100080 Han Zhichao He Aihua Li Junxing libai 31002 Shanghai Patent Agency of the Chinese Academy of Sciences No.319 Yueyang Road, Shanghai 200031
Owner:INST OF CHEM CHINESE ACAD OF SCI
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