327results about How to "Increase distance" patented technology

Apparatus and method for frequency shifting of a wireless signal and systems using frequency shifting

Systems, methods and apparatus for improving the coverage of a wireless network based on frequency shifting scheme. A wireless signal in a frequency band is shifted to another distinct band, and carried in the shifted band, using wired or wireless mediums to another location, wherein the wireless signal is shifted back to the original frequency band. The frequency shifting may make use of a conventional frequency shifting schemes such as mixer/filter and heterodyne. In one embodiment the wireless signal is frequency shifted by converting it to other representing signals (such as I/Q components) and forming the frequency-shifted signal from the representations. The system is may be used to increase in-door or outdoor coverage, as well as bridging between in-door and outdoor networks. The medium may use dedicated wiring or existing service wiring in a residence or building, including LAN, telephone, AC power and CATV wiring. The system (in whole or in part) may be enclosed as a stand-alone unit, housed in integrated form as part of a service outlet or as a snap-on/plug-in module. Methods and other systems with different advantageous configurations are also described. This abstract is not intended to limit or construe the scope or meaning of the claims.

Methods and compositions for universal detection of nucleic acids

Provided are methods and compositions for detecting the presence or amount of one or more target nucleic acids in a sample. Methods of the present invention include linking universal nucleic acid segments into a single molecule in a linking reaction dependent on a target nucleic acid of interest. A variety of universal segment linking strategies are provided, including preamplification by polymerase chain reaction, ligation-based strategies, reverse transcription and linear polymerase extension. Linking the universal segments into a single molecule generates a tagged target nucleic acid which is detected in a manner dependent on an intramolecular interaction between one universal segment and a second portion of the tagged target nucleic acid. In certain embodiments, the intramolecular interaction includes the formation of a hairpin having a stem between a universal segment at one end of the tagged target nucleic acid and a second universal segment at the opposite end of the tagged target nucleic acid. A variety of detection formats are provided, including solution-phase and surface-based formats. The methods and compositions are well-suited for highly multiplexed nucleic acid detection, and are applicable for the detection of any target nucleic acid of interest in both research and clinical settings.
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