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40461 results about "Macromolecule" patented technology

A macromolecule is a very large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by the polymerization of smaller subunits called as monomers. They are typically composed of thousands of atoms or more. The most common macromolecules in biochemistry are biopolymers (nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrates) and large non-polymeric molecules (such as lipids and macrocycles). Synthetic macromolecules include common plastics and synthetic fibers as well as experimental materials such as carbon nanotubes.

Biopolymer nano tunica fibrosa material capable of being biological degraded and absorbed, preparing method and uses of the same

The invention relates to compound millimicron fibrous membrane material of cellulose and cellulose matrix which can perform the biological degradation and the biological absorption and a preparation method thereof and an industry and medical purpose, and belongs to the biological macro-molecule non woven fabric material field which can perform the biological degradation and the biological absorption. Electrostatic spinning equipment is used to obtain the fibrous membrane material which can perform the biological degradation and the biological absorption, the weight of the cellulose is taken as basic reference, the component of the material comprises cellulose more than 0 and less than or equal to 100 weight parts, other biomacromolecule more than and equal to 0 and less than 100 weight parts, 0 to 10 weight parts of curative drug or 0 to 50 weight parts of inorganic catalyzer and / or 0 to 50 weight parts of inorganic strengthening agent. The material of the invention has good biological compatibility, biological degradation property and degradation absorptivity, and can be used for haemostasia material, wound cladding material, organization engineering supporting rack material, the transportation and release of medicine, artificial skin and blood vessel, and postoperation anti blocking material, beauty material and catalyzer carrier, filtering membrane and radiation protection material and so on.

Electrical discharge devices and techniques for medical procedures

InactiveUS20030125727A1Enhance electron avalancheDiagnosticsSurgical instrument detailsTarget tissueMedical procedure
A medical instrument coupled to first and second energy means and a computer controller for the controlled volumetric removal of thin tissue layers. The system provides a source for introducing a gas to controllably form and capture transient gas volumes in a microchannel structure at the working surface of the instrument that interfaces with a targeted tissue site. Each of the microchannel features of the working surface carries an electrode element coupled to the electrical source. The energy may be applied to the targeted site in either of two modes of operation, depending in part on voltage and repetition rate of energy delivery. In one mode of energy application, electrical potential is selected to cause an intense electrical arc across the transient ionized gas volumes to cause an energy-tissue interaction characterized by tissue vaporization. In another preferred mode of energy delivery, the system applies selected levels of energy to the targeted site by means of an energetic plasma at the instrument working surface to cause molecular volatilization of surface macromolecules thus resulting in material removal. Both modes of operation limit collateral thermal damage to tissue volumes adjacent to the targeted site. Another preferred embodiment provides and an ultrasound source or other vibrational source coupled to the working end to cause cavitation in fluid about the working end.

Method for preparing complexly shaped biomedical porous titanium molybdenum alloy implant body

The invention provides a method for preparing a complexly shaped biomedical porous titanium molybdenum alloy implant body and belongs to the technical field of biomedical porous metallic material preparation. The method comprises the following steps of: taking a mixture of titanium and molybdenum metallic element powder and organic polymer powder as raw materials, and then preparing the biomedical porous titanium molybdenum alloy implant body by adopting the processes, such as three-dimensional modeling, selective laser-firing rapid forming, thermal de-greasing, vacuum sintering, and the like. The processing steps are simple, the period is short, the use ratio of materials is high, the cost is low, any complexly shaped porous titanium alloy implant body can be conveniently manufactured, and the method has efficiency and economic advantages in individual design and rapid manufacturing of the implant body. A titanium molybdenum alloy material prepared by using the method has the advantages that pore space is uniform, adjustment scopes of porosity, aperture ratio and aperture are wide, elasticity modulus and compression strength are in close proximity to natural bone, and the demand on biomechanical compatibility required by a biomedical material is met.

Penetration Enhancer Combinations for Transdermal Delivery

A high throughput screening and isolation system identifies rare enhancer mixtures from a candidate pool of penetration enhancer combinations. The combinations are screened for high penetration but low irritation potential using a unique data mining method to find new potent and safe chemical penetration enhancer combinations. The members of a library of chemical penetration enhancer combinations are screened with a high throughput device to identify “hot spots”, particular combinations that show higher chemical penetration enhancement compared to neighboring compositions. The irritation potentials of the hot spot combinations are measured to identify combinations that also show low irritation potential. A active component, such as a drug, is then combined with the combination in a formulation which is tested for the ability of the drug to penetrate into or through skin. It is then assessed whether the formulation can deliver the quantity of drug required, and animal tests are conducted to confirm in vivo the ability of the chemical penetration enhancer combinations to facilitate transport of sufficient active molecules across the skin to achieve therapeutic levels of the active molecule in the animal's blood. The invention provides specific unique and rare mixtures of chemical penetration enhancers that enhance skin permeability to hydrophilic macromolecules by more than 50-fold without inducing skin irritation, such as combinations of sodium laurel ether sulfate and 1-phenyl piperazine, and combinations of N-lauryl sarcosine and Span 20/sorbitan monolaurate.

Functional polymer film-coated electrode and electrochemical device using the same

The present invention provides an electrode in which an electrode active material particles as being interconnected are applied on current collector, wherein the interconnected surface of electrode active material particles is coated with a polymer, the polymer being present as an independent phase, while maintaining a pore structure formed among the interconnected electrode active material particles as well as an electrochemical device including the electrode. Also, the present invention provides a method for manufacturing an electrode coated with a polymer present on an interconnected surface of electrode active material as an independent phase, while maintaining a pore structure formed among the electrode active material particles, which comprises the steps of: (a) coating slurry for an electrode including an electrode active material on a current collector and drying it to form an electrode; and (b) dipping the electrode obtained from step (a) into a solution containing the polymer dissolved therein and a method for manufacturing an electrochemical device comprising the electrode obtained by the above method. The electrode coated with a polymer as an independent phase provides an electrochemical device with improved safety and prevents degradation of performance of an electrochemical device.
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