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59424results about How to "Improve conductivity" patented technology

Semiconductor integrated circuit device

A DRAM capacitor uses ruthenium or ruthenium oxide as an upper electrode and hafnium dioxide or zirconium oxide as an insulation layer. The DRAM capacitor is intended to suppress diffusion of ruthenium, etc. into hafnium dioxide. Tantalum pentoxide or niobium oxide having a higher permittivity than that of the insulation layer is inserted as a cap insulation layer to the boundary between the upper electrode of ruthenium or ruthenium oxide and the insulation layer of hafnium dioxide or zirconium oxide to thereby suppress diffusion of ruthenium, etc. into hafnium dioxide, etc.

Electrochromic devices

Conventional electrochromic devices frequently suffer from poor reliability and poor performance. Improvements are made using entirely solid and inorganic materials. Electrochromic devices are fabricated by forming an ion conducting electronically insulating interfacial region that serves as an IC layer. In some methods, the interfacial region is formed after formation of an electrochromic and a counter electrode layer. The interfacial region contains an ion conducting electronically insulating material along with components of the electrochromic and / or the counter electrode layer. Materials and microstructure of the electrochromic devices provide improvements in performance and reliability over conventional devices.

Quantum dot light emitting layer

An inorganic light emitting layer having a plurality of light emitting cores, each core having a semiconductor material that emits light in response to recombination of holes and electrons, each such light emitting core defining a first bandgap; a plurality of semiconductor shells formed respectively about the light emitting cores to form core / shell quantum dots, each such semiconductor shell having a second bandgap wider than the first bandgap; and a semiconductor matrix connected to the semiconductor shells to provide a conductive path through the semiconductor matrix and to each such semiconductor shell and its corresponding light emitting core so as to permit the recombination of holes and electrons.

Composite proppant, composite filtration media and methods for making and using same

InactiveUS6406789B1Eliminate back flowEliminate flowPretreated surfacesPaving detailsFiberFiltration
Composite particles made of a resin and filler material are provided for use in subterranean formations. The filler is finely divided mineral and optional fiber. The particles are proppants useful to prop open subterranean formation fractures. The particles are also useful for water filtration. Methods of making the composite particles are also disclosed.

Hybrid anode compositions for lithium ion batteries

ActiveUS20090117466A1Superior multiple-cycle behaviorSmall capacity fadeAlkaline accumulatorsConductive materialHybrid materialSodium-ion battery
The present invention provides an exfoliated graphite-based hybrid material composition for use as an electrode, particularly as an anode of a lithium ion battery. The composition comprises: (a) micron- or nanometer-scaled particles or coating which are capable of absorbing and desorbing alkali or alkaline metal ions (particularly, lithium ions); and (b) exfoliated graphite flakes that are substantially interconnected to form a porous, conductive graphite network comprising pores, wherein at least one of the particles or coating resides in a pore of the network or attached to a flake of the network and the exfoliated graphite amount is in the range of 5% to 90% by weight and the amount of particles or coating is in the range of 95% to 10% by weight. Also provided is a lithium secondary battery comprising such a negative electrode (anode). The battery exhibits an exceptional specific capacity, excellent reversible capacity, and long cycle life.

Control system and process for application of energy to airway walls and other mediums

The present invention includes a system for delivering energy to an airway wall of a lung comprising an energy delivering apparatus and a PID controller having one or more variable gain factors which are rest after energy deliver has begun. The energy delivering apparatus may include a flexible elongated member and a distal expandable basket having at least one electrode for transferring energy to the airway wall and at least one temperature sensor for measuring temperature. The PID controller determines a new power set point base on an error between a preset temperature and the measured temperature. The algorithm can be Pi+1=Pi+G(αei+βei−1+γei−2) where α, β and γ are preset values and α is from 1 to 2; βis from −1 to −2; and γ is from −0.5 to 0−5. In another variation, the controller is configured to shut down if various measured parameters are exceeded such as, for example, energy, impedance, temperature, temperature differences, activation time and combinations thereof. Methods for treating a target medium using a PID algorithm are also provided.

Fluoropolymer binders for carbon nanotube-based transparent conductive coatings

This invention relates to flexible, transparent and conductive coatings and films formed using carbon nanotubes (CNT) and, in particular, single wall carbon nanotubes, with polymer binders. Preferably, coatings and films are formed from carbon nanotubes applied to transparent substrates forming one or multiple conductive layers at nanometer level of thickness. Polymer binders are applied to the CNT network coating having an open structure to provide protection through infiltration. This provides for enhancement of properties such as moisture resistance, thermal resistance, abrasion resistance and interfacial adhesion. Polymers may be thermoplastics or thermosets, or a combination thereof. Polymers may also be insulative or inherently electrical conductive, or any combination of both. Polymers may comprise single or multiple layers as a basecoat underneath a CNT coating, or a topcoat above a CNT coating, or combination of the basecoat and the topcoat forming a sandwich structure. A fluoropolymer containing binder, which is a solution of one fluoropolymer or a blend of fluoropolymers, which may be formulated with additives, is applied onto a carbon nanotube-based transparent conductive coating at nanometer level of thickness on a clear substrate such as PET and glass. The fluoropolymers or blend can be either semi-crystalline (with low level of crystallinity) or amorphous, preferably to be amorphous with low refraction index. Binder coating thickness can be adjusted by changing binder concentration, coating speed and/or other process conditions. This binder coating significantly improves optical transparency, and also maintain or increases conductivity of the CNT-based coating. With other benefits such as abrasion, thermal and moisture resistance, this binder coating and the resulting products is used for display and electronic applications.

System and method for treating tissue

A method, device, and system for modifying or destroying selected tissue, by selecting an area of tissue for treatment, collecting the area between a plurality of energy transmitting elements, applying an electric current and / or electromagnetic radiation between the energy transmitting elements, and applying the electric current and / or electromagnetic radiation until, for example, the cells are modified or destroyed. Cooling may be applied to prevent unwanted modification. Conducting mediums may be applied to control tissue modification. Embodiments of the present invention may be used for treatment of fat cells, acne, lesions, tattoo removals etc.

Organic/inorganic composite porous film and electrochemical device prepared thereby

Disclosed is an organic / inorganic composite porous film comprising: (a) inorganic particles; and (b) a binder polymer coating layer formed partially or totally on surfaces of the inorganic particles, wherein the inorganic particles are interconnected among themselves and are fixed by the binder polymer, and interstitial volumes among the inorganic particles form a micropore structure. A method for manufacturing the same film and an electrochemical device including the same film are also disclosed. An electrochemical device comprising the organic / inorganic composite porous film shows improved safety and quality.

Dissolving Filter Cake

InactiveUS20040094300A1Needed propertyWider fractureCleaning apparatusFluid removalSolid baseCarrier fluid
Methods are presented to induce a screenout during a subterranean formation fracturing or combined fracturing and gravel packing treatment having a viscoelastic surfactant-based carrier fluid by laying down a filter cake at least a portion of which is a base-soluble material, injecting proppant slurry, and causing hydrolysis and dissolution of the solid base-soluble material by adding base so that leak-off increases, the concentration of proppant in the fracture increases, and the proppant screens out. A method of gravel packing with a viscoelastic surfactant-based carrier fluid by laying down a filter cake at least a portion of which is a base-soluble material, injecting gravel, and causing hydrolysis and dissolution of the solid base-soluble material by adding base. Methods of slowing or accelerating the hydrolysis and dissolution are given, and addition of bridging-promoting materials is included.
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