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1596 results about "Chitin" patented technology

Chitin (C₈H₁₃O₅N)ₙ (/ˈkaɪtɪn/ KY-tin), a long-chain polymer of N-acetylglucosamine, is a derivative of glucose. It is a primary component of cell walls in fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as crustaceans and insects, the radulae of molluscs, cephalopod beaks, and the scales of fish and lissamphibians. The structure of chitin is comparable to another polysaccharide—cellulose, forming crystalline nanofibrils or whiskers. In terms of function, it may be compared to the protein keratin. Chitin has proved useful for several medicinal, industrial and biotechnological purposes.

Methods of combined bioprocessing and related microorganisms, thermophilic and/or acidophilic enzymes, and nucleic acids encoding said enzymes

InactiveUS20110081683A1BacteriaBiofuelsGlucanAlicyclobacillus acidocaldarius
A genetically modified organism comprising: at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid isolated from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and encoding a polypeptide involved in at least partially degrading, cleaving, transporting, metabolizing, or removing polysaccharides, cellulose, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, starch, sugars, sugar oligomers, carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, chitin, heteroxylans, glycosides, xylan-, glucan-, galactan, or mannan-decorating groups; and at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid encoding a polypeptide involved in fermenting sugar molecules to a product. Additionally, enzymatic and/or proteinaceous extracts may be isolated from one or more genetically modified organisms. The extracts are utilized to convert biomass into a product. Further provided are methods of converting biomass into products comprising: placing the genetically modified organism and/or enzymatic extracts thereof in fluid contact with polysaccharides, cellulose, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, starch, sugars, sugar oligomers, carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, chitin, heteroxylans, glycosides, and/or xylan-, glucan-, galactan, or mannan-decorating groups.

Biological pesticide mixed with plant insecticide sterilization component and amino-oligosaccharin and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to an ecological agricultural drug and a preparing method compounded by a content of Chinese traditional herb plant insecticide and amino group oligosaccharide. The ecological agricultural drug is refined by blending and processing the plant gradients containing one or a plurality of insecticide and disinfecting components and the Chitosante raw materials and solutions which are extracted with the amino group oligosaccharide. The weight percentages of all components are respectively: five to thirty percent of plant materials, seventy to ninety five percent of Chitosante material, and the solvents are alcohol and water. When in blending and configuring process, additives are added; wherein, the additives are one or a plurality of the agents, such as an antiseptic agent, a dispersing agent, a surface active agent, a penetrant or an emulsifying agent. The plant materials are materials such as Sophora flavescens, tobacco, Indian chinaberry fruit, pyrethrum, climbing groundsel or Aztec marigold, etc., the invention has the beneficial effects of multifunction of insecticide and disinfection, anti disease, disease prevention; easy degradation of the product, no residues and extensive raw material source. The working process of the invention simplifies the processes of extraction, condensation and filter with low producing cost.

Application of injectable hydrogel in preparing intraocular filling materials

The invention discloses an application of injectable hydrogel in preparing intraocular filling materials. The application is characterized by being application of the injectable hydrogel as intraocular filling materials in vitreoretinal surgery as well as application of the injectable hydrogel as an intraocular drug carrier, wherein the injectable hydrogel is composed of two agents; the first agent is a glue solution containing oxidized polysaccharide; the second agent is a glue solution containing a chitin derivative and /or collagen; the two agents are separately contained in two injection tubes of a duplicate injector; the two glue solutions are simultaneously pushed and injected by the duplicate injector; in the pushing and injecting process, mixing and cross-linking are generated, namely, a dialdehyde group of the oxidized polysaccharide generates cross-linking reaction with amino of the chitin derivative and/or the collagen to form hydrogel with viscoelasticity. The constituents of the hydrogel are biomacromolecules different from chemical macromolecules, and a micromolecule cross-linking agent is not introduced, so that the biocompatibility is good, the hydrogel can be degraded and absorbed, toxic and side effects are avoided, and the safety is good.

Method for extracting chitin and antibacterial peptide from fly larvae

The invention belongs to the field of product extraction technology and relates to a method for extracting chitin and antibacterial peptide from fly larvae. The method comprises the following steps of: firstly disinfecting and rinsing fresh fly larvae to be clean, then extruding the cleaned fly larvae to separate the fly larvae skin from visceral mass serous fluid; firstly soaking with hydrochloric acid solution, drying after washing, and then soaking with NaOH solution to remove protein; retaining residual liquid, drying after cleaning, adding the NaOH solution after crushing, carrying out water bath at the temperature of 98 DEG C, and heating for reaction; putting chitosan into acetic acid solution, stopping reaction after the chitosan is dissolved, filtering, cleaning, drying at the temperature of 50 DEG C, and obtaining the chitosan; and then adding acetic acid into the visceral mass serous fluid of the fly larvae, homogenizing, standing over the night at the temperature of 4 DEG C, filtering, adsorbing the filtrate with alginic acid, filtering, then eluting the antibacterial peptide adsorbed on the alginic acid with the hydrochloric acid solution, adjusting the pH value of the eluent to be 3.5, carrying out precipitation with NaCl, carrying out dialysis and desalting, drying and obtaining a crude antibacterial peptide product. The method has the advantages of reasonable technical route, low cost, high yield, large economic value, environmentally-friendly effect and effective utilization of the fly larvae resources for preparing natural product varieties.

High-efficiency multifunctional foliage fertilizer and production method thereof

The invention discloses a high-efficiency multifunctional foliage fertilizer and a production method thereof. The foliage fertilizer is prepared by chelating shrimp processing leftovers, which serve as the main raw material, with medium and minor elements. The foliage fertilizer is prepared from 10-30% of amino acids, 2-8% of medium and minor elements, 10-30% of organic nitrogen, 3-20% of phosphorus, 3-20% of potassium, and 10-30% of shrimp peptide protein, chitosan, chitosan oligosaccharide, chitin, glucosamine hydrochloride, astacin and shrimp cephalin. The foliage fertilizer disclosed by the invention enhances the low-temperature tolerance, drought tolerance, salt damage tolerance, chemical damage tolerance and other stress tolerances of crops on the premise of comprehensively and efficiently supplementing necessary nutrients for crops, and has the functions of restoring the wound in the root system, enhancing the disease resistance of the crops, inhibiting disease and pest and the like. The production technique can reduce the acidolysis consumption, avoids introducing abundant inorganic salts and chloride ions to destroy soil ecological equilibrium and influence plant growth, lowers the energy consumption and requirements for equipment strength, and can implement the clean production of complete utilization and zero pollution discharge.

Self-healing liquid crystalline elastomer based on chitin-type liquid crystal and preparation method of self-healing liquid crystalline elastomer

The invention discloses a self-healing liquid crystalline elastomer based on a chitin-type liquid crystal and a preparation method of the self-healing liquid crystalline elastomer. According to the self-healing liquid crystalline elastomer disclosed by the invention, the chitin-type liquid crystalline elastomer with the self-healing capability is constructed by introducing a reversible covalent-multiple hydrogen bond; due to self-healing introduction, cracks in the material can be remarkably reduced, the comprehensive performances and the reusability of the material are improved, and the service life of the material is prolonged. The preparation method comprises the following steps: firstly, selecting proper reaction materials and reaction paths, synthesizing a monomer containing the multiple hydrogen bond and a side group, with a large volume, containing a mesogenic unit, carrying out reaction on the monomer and the side group by virtue of a liquid crystalline monomer with connection of a short spacer and a double bond under the proper reaction conditions to design and synthesize a chitin-type effect polymer, regulating the dosage of a hydrogen bond crosslinking agent, and preparing the chitin-type self-healing liquid crystalline elastomers in different crosslinking degrees under the condition without influencing the liquid crystallinity.

High-calcium compound shrimp cake and producing method thereof

The invention relates to a high-calcium compound shrimp cake and a producing method thereof. The high-calcium compound shrimp cake is prepared through carrying out low-temperature chopping and uniform stirring on an all-acete chinensis paste which is prepared through a high-precision waterproof pulverization technology and proportional minced fillet, chicken breast fillet, salt, vital gluten, diced fatty meat, potato starch, monosodium glutamate, disodium 5'-ribonucleotide, sugar, a water retention agent and a quality improver so as to obtain a cake core material, preparing the cake core material into a circular or elliptic shape through a forming machine, wrapping a layer of bread powder on the outside surface of the cake core, and after the shape of the obtained shrimp cake is finalized by quick-freezing, deep-frying the shrimp cake until the appearance of the shrimp cake is golden, so that the shrimp cake is obtained. The shrimp cake prepared by the producing method is golden in appearance, and fresh, tender and slightly crisp in taste, both has the delicate flavors of shrimps, and preserves various beneficial elements such as rich Ca, P, chitin and astaxanthin in shrimp shells, so that the shrimp cake accords with the demands of people on food nutrition, health, taste, and the like.

Formaldehyde-buster antibacterial ecological board and manufacturing method thereof

The invention relates to a paint-free decorative overlay fitment board, in particular to a formaldehyde-buster antibacterial ecological board and a manufacturing method thereof, and belongs to wood processing industry. The formaldehyde-buster antibacterial ecological board comprises a base material layer, and an upper surface layer decorative film adhesive paper layer and a lower surface layer decorative film adhesive paper layer which adhere on the upper surface and the lower surface of the base material layer in a pressed mode respectively. The upper and/or lower surface layer decorative film adhesive paper layer are/or decorative paper dipped with an amino resin adhesive solution and a formaldehyde decomposition adhesive solution. The decorative paper dipped with the amino resin adhesive solution and the formaldehyde decomposition adhesive solution is 0.08-0.12 mm thick, and the base material layer is 2.5-25 mm thick. The formaldehyde decomposition adhesive solution comprises formaldehyde decomposition effective constituents, amino resin and nano-silver. The mass of the formaldehyde decomposition effective constituents accounts for 5-10% that of the formaldehyde decomposition adhesive solution. The formaldehyde decomposition effective constituents comprise chitin and nano silicon wafers. The amino resin is melamino-formaldehyde resin or melamine modified urea resin. The concentration of the nano-silver is 50-150 ppm. The formaldehyde-buster antibacterial ecological board is vivid in decoration effect, low in cost and good in formaldehyde-buster antibacterial ecological board purifying effect.
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