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40655 results about "Disease injury" patented technology

A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury. The study of disease is called pathology, which includes the study of cause. Disease is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs.

Tissue-specific and pathogen-specific toxic agents and ribozymes

InactiveUS6271359B1Rapidly and effectively expressedVirusesSugar derivativesCancer cellBiology
The present invention relates to the discovery, identification and characterization of toxic agents which are lethal to pathogens and methods for targeting such toxic agents to a pathogen or pathogen infected cells in order to treat and/or eradicate the infection. In particular, the present invention relates to toxic agents which target bacteria at different stages of the bacterial life cycle, which are delivered alone or in combination to bacteria or bacteria-infected cells. The invention relates to toxic agents which are lethal to diseased cells and methods for targeting such toxic agents to a diseased cell in order to treat and/or eradicate the disease. The present invention relates to promoter elements which are pathogen-specific or tissue-specific and the use of such promoter elements to achieve pathogen-specific or tissue-specific expression of the toxic agent(s) and/or ribozyme(s) of the present invention. Specifically, the invention relates to the delivery of one or more toxic gene products, antisense RNAs, or ribozymes, or combination thereof. The invention provides a novel system by which multiple pathogenic targets may be simultaneously targeted to cause the death of a pathogen, or cell infected with a pathogen. Further, the invention has important implications in the eradication of drug-resistant bacterium and bacterial pathogens. The invention provides a novel system by which multiple targets may be simultaneously targeted to cause the death of a diseased cell. The invention also has important implications in the eradication of drug-resistant pathogens and drug-resistant diseased cells (such as cancer cells).

Method for accessing and analyzing medically related information from multiple sources collected into one or more databases for deriving illness probability and/or for generating alerts for the detection of emergency events relating to disease management including HIV and SARS, and for syndromic surveillance of infectious disease and for predicting risk of adverse events to one or more drugs

The method of the present invention derives the illness probability of any selected person from a database of people stored in a computer and/or on a computer network using collected relational data from every person in the database, including whether a person has a contact relationship with another person in said database and utilizes a database of illnesses infection probability functions given different illnesses and states of nature including data relating to social relationship; type of disease; probability function of infection given a time unit; length of contact of the particular contact relationship link; and calculates at least one relational path between said person and each person in the data base with whom there is a contact relationship, direct or via other persons in the said database for deriving the illness probability of the selected person. In addition. the method of the present invention permits selecting the optimum treatment for a patient with an infectious disease based upon recommending a drug or drugs deemed optimum for treating the patient and permits generating alerts for the detection of emergency events such as the outbreak of an infectious disease or a biological, chemical or nuclear attack and for diseases management. Moreover, in accordance with the method of the present invention a given patient may compare his or her medical record with summary information of patients with similar defined criteria.

Medical devices for the detection, prevention and/or treatment of neurological disorders, and methods related thereto

Disclosed are devices and methods for detecting, preventing, and/or treating neurological disorders. These devices and methods utilize electrical stimulation, and comprise a unique concentric ring electrode component. The disclosed methods involve the positioning of multiple electrodes on the scalp of a mammal; monitoring the mammal's brain electrical patterns to identify the onset of a neurological event; identifying the location of the brain electrical patterns indicative of neurological event; and applying transcutaneous or transcranial electrical stimulation to the location of the neurological event to beneficially modify brain electrical patterns. The disclosed methods may be useful in the detection, prevention, and/or treatment of a variety of indications, such as epilepsy, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, depression, bipolar disorder, phobia, schizophrenia, multiple personality disorder, migraine or headache, concussion, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, eating disorder, substance abuse, and anxiety. The disclosed methods may also be used in combination with other peripheral stimulation techniques.

Modification of airways by application of energy

InactiveUS7198635B2Reduce plugging of the airwayPrevent the airway from being able to constrictElectrotherapySurgical needlesPatient complianceObstructive Pulmonary Diseases
This relates to methods and devices for treating reversible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and more particularly, relates to a device for exchanging energy with airway tissue such as that found in the airway of human lungs. The exchange of energy with this airway tissue in the airways reduces the ability of the air ways to constrict and / or reduces the resistance within the airway to the flow of air through the airway. This also relates to a method for decreasing responsiveness or decreasing resistance to airflow of airways involves the transfer of energy to or from the airway walls to prevent or reduce airway constriction and other symptoms of lung diseases. The treatment reduces the ability of the airway to contract during an acute narrowing of the airways, reduces mucus plugging of the airways, and / or increases the airway diameter. The methods according to the present invention provide a longer duration and / or more effective treatment for lung diseases than currently used drug treatments, and obviate patient compliance issues. This also includes additional steps that reduce the ability of the lung to produce at least one of the symptoms of reversible obstructive pulmonary disease and to reduce the resistance to the flow of air through a lung.
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