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98993results about How to "Reduce in quantity" patented technology

Dynamically matching users for group communications based on a threshold degree of matching of sender and recipient predetermined acceptance criteria

A method for enabling users to exchange group electronic mail by establishing individual profiles and criteria, for determining personalized subsets within a group. Users establish subscriptions to an electronic mailing list by specifying user profile data and acceptance criteria data to screen other users. When a user subscribes, a web server establishes and stores an individualized recipient list including each matching subscriber and their degree of one-way or mutual match with the user. When the user then sends a message to the mailing list, an email server retrieves 100% her matches and then optionally filters her recipient list down to a message distribution list using each recipient's message criteria. The message is then distributed to matching users. Additionally, email archives and information contributions from users are stored in a database. A web server creates an individualized set of web pages for a user from the database, containing contributions only from users in his recipient list. In other embodiments, users apply one-way or mutual criteria matching and message profile criteria to other group forums, such as web-based discussion boards, chat, online clubs, USENET newsgroups, voicemail, instant messaging, web browsing side channel communities, and online gaming rendezvous.

Retinal stimulator

An apparatus facilitating the delivery of electrical stimulation to physiologically excitable retinal nerve cells includes: (a), a receiver/decoder/stimulator comprising a semiconductor integrated circuit and other components hermetically sealed within a capsule, implanted and fixed within the eye of the patient such that it may receive power, and decode information from (b), an externally worn image processor/encoder/transmitter comprising an image detector, an image processor capable of translating the image into an array of discreet pixels of varying intensity, encoding the pixel information into a series of discreet data bursts representing the chosen current amplitude, pulse duration, stimulating electrode or electrodes, and reference electrode or electrodes, and transmitting this data to the receiver/decoder/stimulator through a tuned, inductive communication link such that the system may deliver controlled, charge balanced, diphasic, constant current stimulus pulses to (c), discreet metallic electrodes on a flexible, multiple site electrode array implanted on, near or under the surface of the retina. The apparatus provides for flexibility in the external image processing system such that future advancements in processing techniques shall not require revision surgery or modification to the implanted receiver/decoder/stimulator. Safeguards to protect the patient from the delivery of inappropriate stimulus are incorporated into the apparatus, and a method of external collection of diagnostic data from the implanted receiver/decoder/stimulator is described.

Radio communication system

There is disclosed a radio communication system in which a constitution of a base station and further a control station can be simplified. A radio communication system according to the present invention converts a received signal received by a plurality of antenna elements in a base station to a signal of different frequency band, and then conflates the converted signal in order to generate sub-carrier wave multiplex signal. The signal is converted to an optical signal, and then the optical signal is transmitted to a control station via an optical fiber. Or the control station performs weighting to phase of the transmitted signal transmitted from a plurality of antennas of a base station, and then performs frequency conversion to different frequency band, and then conflates the converted signal in order to generate the sub-carrier wave multiplex signal. The signal is converted to an optical signal, and then an optical signal is transmitted to the base station side via the optical fiber. The control station and the base station divides the received sub-carrier wave multiplex signal by each frequency band, and then the frequency of the divided signals are converted to the same frequency band in order to generate the transmitted / received signal of each antenna element. By such a constitution, it is possible to reduce constituent of the optical transmission components to the minimum and to simplify the constitution of the base station. Furthermore, it is possible to maintain the relative phase difference and the relative intensity of the transmitted / received signal of each antenna element. Because of this, it is possible to estimate an arrival direction of the received signal and to control radiation beam pattern of the transmitted signal.

Asynchronous transcription object management system

Described herein is a system for executing distributed transactions. A coordinator and one or more participants cooperate to execute a distributed transaction, the distributed transaction including for each participant a transaction executed by the participant. To manage the transaction, the coordinator and the participant communicate over a network using, for example, a stateless protocol. Before each participant commits the transaction, the participants determine that the coordinator has committed the transaction. The coordinator commits the transaction after receiving acknowledgment from all the participants that they will commit the transaction. To determine whether the coordinator has committed the transaction, a participant transmits a message to the coordinator to acknowledge that it will commit the distributed transaction. The participant commits its respective transaction if it receives an acknowledgement from the coordinator. For the particular transaction being executed by a participant, the participant prevents other transactions from modifying a data item affected by the particular transaction. The participant will prevent such modifications until termination criteria for the particular transaction is satisfied, in which case the participant terminates the transaction.
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