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18939 results about "Toughness" patented technology

In materials science and metallurgy, toughness is the ability of a material to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing. One definition of material toughness is the amount of energy per unit volume that a material can absorb before rupturing. It is also defined as a material's resistance to fracture when stressed.

Environment-friendly light heat-insulating material and manufacturing method thereof

The invention relates to an environment-friendly light heat-insulating material for fireproof doors and buildings, and a manufacturing method thereof. The manufacturing method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: pretreating plant hollow core bodies and/or flexible porous fillers by using a water glass adhesive; mixing with inorganic fire-resistant hollow particles; and performing mould pressing, shaping and drying to obtain the environment-friendly light heat-insulating material. The hollow core bodies and the flexible porous fillers are arranged multidirectionally; one layer of water glass adhesive is arranged at least on the surfaces of the hollow core bodies and the flexible porous fillers; and discontinuous holes are reserved between the hollow core bodies and/or the flexible porous fillers and the inorganic fire-resistant hollow particles. Preferably, the hollow core bodies are rice husks and straw sections; and the flexible porous fillers are foam and fibers. Renewable plant resources and recovered foam and fiber waste are adopted, so the environment-friendly light heat-insulating material is energy-saving and environment-friendly; and a large number of sealed holes are formed among the material particles through the penetration and coating of the modified water glass adhesive, and a heat-insulating hydrophobic corrosion-resistant multi-effect protective layer is provided, so the environment-friendly light heat-insulating material has good fireproof, heat-insulating and heat-preserving effects, high weather resistance, combined rigidity and toughness, low density and low cost.

Method for preparing C/SiC composite material through low-cost fused silicon impregnation method

The invention relates to a method for preparing a C/SiC composite material through a low-cost fused silicon impregnation method, which comprises the following steps: performing calcining pretreatment on a carbon felt or graphite felt at 400-600 temperature; immersing the pretreated carbon felt or graphite felt in a melamine and boric acid solution, thus coating a boron nitride protective layer; immersing in a carbon/silicon carbide slurry water solution, performing impregnation to ensure that pores of the carbon felt or graphite felt are fully filled with carbon/silicon carbide, placing in a sintering furnace, and performing primary fused silicon impregnation treatment at 1600-1800 DEG C; immersing in liquid phenolic resin, and performing carbonization treatment under the protection of an inert atmosphere at 800-1000 DEG C to ensure that all the resin is carbonized; and finally, performing secondary fused silicon impregnation treatment to ensure that carbon produced by carbonization of the resin totally reacts with silicon to generate silicon carbide, thus obtaining the C/SiC composite material. The obtained C/SiC composite material is high in density, low in air pore and free silicon content, and favorable in material strength, toughness and frictional wear performance, and can be used for manufacturing of brake pads.

High-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete of carbon doped nano-tube and preparation method of high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete

InactiveCN104030634AImprove cracking strengthHigh strengthFiberSlag
The invention provides high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete of a carbon doped nano-tube. The high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete is prepared by taking cement, a carbon nano-tube, silica fume, a water reducing agent, silica sand, coal ash, quartz powder, steel fiber and water as raw materials, wherein all the components in the mixture are calculated in parts by mass: 1000-1200 parts of cement, 250-350 parts of silica fume, 250-350 parts of slag powder, 40-50 parts of water reducing agent, 1200-1400 parts of silica sand, 180-230 parts of water, 190-230 parts of steel fiber, 180-250 parts of coal ash, 80-120 parts of quartz powder, 0.1-5 parts of carbon-nano-tube dispersing agent and 1-10 parts of carbon nano-tube powder. The invention also provides a preparation method of the high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete. The reactive powder concrete obtained by the invention has the high compression strength of 250-300MPa and breaking strength of 45-60MPa, which are higher than the 200-level related performances of the traditional RPC (Reactive Powder Concrete). Meanwhile, the initial cracking strength of the reactive powder concrete material prepared by using the carbon nano-tube is greatly improved and is up to 10MPa in a direct stretching state, and the tensile strain corresponding to peak stress is up to more than 0.5%, so that the toughness and strength of the traditional RPC material are greatly improved.
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