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7826 results about "Polystyrene" patented technology

Polystyrene (PS) /ˌpɒliˈstaɪriːn/ is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from the monomer styrene. Polystyrene can be solid or foamed. General-purpose polystyrene is clear, hard, and rather brittle. It is an inexpensive resin per unit weight. It is a rather poor barrier to oxygen and water vapour and has a relatively low melting point. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics, the scale of its production being several million tonnes per year. Polystyrene can be naturally transparent, but can be coloured with colourants. Uses include protective packaging (such as packing peanuts and CD and DVD cases), containers, lids, bottles, trays, tumblers, disposable cutlery and in the making of models.

Composite materials comprising polar polymers and single-wall carbon nanotubes

The invention relates to a composite comprising a weight fraction of single-wall carbon nanotubes and at least one polar polymer wherein the composite has an electrical and/or thermal conductivity enhanced over that of the polymer alone. The invention also comprises a method for making this polymer composition. The present application provides composite compositions that, over a wide range of single-wall carbon nanotube loading, have electrical conductivities exceeding those known in the art by more than one order of magnitude. The electrical conductivity enhancement depends on the weight fraction (F) of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the composite. The electrical conductivity of the composite of this invention is at least 5 Siemens per centimeter (S/cm) at (F) of 0.5 (i.e. where single-wall carbon nanotube loading weight represents half of the total composite weight), at least 1 S/cm at a F of 0.1, at least 1×10−4 S/cm at (F) of 0.004, at least 6×10−9 S/cm at (F) of 0.001 and at least 3×10−16 S/cm (F) plus the intrinsic conductivity of the polymer matrix material at of 0.0001. The thermal conductivity enhancement is in excess of 1 Watt/m-° K. The polar polymer can be polycarbonate, poly(acrylic acid), poly(acrylic acid), poly(methacrylic acid), polyoxide, polysulfide, polysulfone, polyamides, polyester, polyurethane, polyimide, poly(vinyl acetate), poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl pyridine), poly(vinyl pyrrolidone), copolymers thereof and combinations thereof. The composite can further comprise a nonpolar polymer, such as, a polyolefin polymer, polyethylene, polypropylene, polybutene, polyisobutene, polyisoprene, polystyrene, copolymers thereof and combinations thereof.

Foam concrete and preparation method

The invention discloses a foam concrete and a preparation method, belonging to the technical field of building materials and construction, comprising the following components of cement, ore powder, fly ash and water, and further comprising a waterproof agent, fibers, an accessory and a foaming agent. The preparation method comprises the following steps of: adding 50-200 parts by weight of the cement, 10-100 parts by weight of the ore powder, 10-150 parts by weight of the fly ash, 60-250 parts by weight of the water, 0-3 parts by weight of the waterproof agent, 0.3-1 part by weight of fiber and 0.1-3 parts by weight of accessory to a container, evenly stirring the components by a stirring machine, adding 6-20 parts by weight of the foaming agent, mixing and stirring the mixture, quickly paving the obtained material on the construction surface for natural smoothing, standing for finishing foaming within 2-30min to obtain the desired strength after 24h, and maintaining to form the formed foam concrete. The invention has high strength, light quantity, low head conductivity coefficient, simple formula, convenient construction and low cost due to the utilization of industrial and mining waste materials, and the invention can partially replace polyvinyl benzene foam boards, extruded sheets and slurry particle insulating boards of a heat insulating system; in addition, the invention is applied to the field construction of a foam concrete heat insulating system of floors and roofs and the production of the foam concrete blocks and heat insulating slabs in a factory by using moulds.

Syringe for use with injectors and methods of manufacturing syringes and other devices

A syringe for use in a pressurized injection of a fluid includes a syringe barrel including a polymeric material having undergone expansion via blow molding. An inner diameter of the syringe barrel can, for example, be sufficiently constant (over at least a portion of the axial length of the syringe) that a plunger slidably positioned within the syringe barrel and in generally sealing contact with an inner wall of the syringe barrel can be used within the syringe barrel to generate a pressure of at least 1 psi within the syringe barrel. In several embodiment, the inner diameter of the syringe barrel is sufficiently constant to generate a pressure of at least 100 psi, at least 300 psi, or even at least 500 psi within the syringe barrel. A method of forming a syringe includes the steps of: injection molding at least one polymeric material to form a preform; placing the preform into an blow mold die; and expanding at least a portion of the preform while heating the preform within the die to form a barrel of the syringe. The syringes can be formed to withstand relatively high pressures as described above. The at least one polymeric material can, for example, be polyethyleneterephthalate, cyclic olefin polymer, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinylidene chloride, polyethylene napthalate and/or nylon.

Efficient oil and water separation composite fiber film and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN103866492ASelf-supportingRealize multiple reuseFilament/thread formingNon-woven fabricsFiberHydrophobic polymer
The invention discloses an efficiency oil and water separation composition fiber film and a preparation method thereof, and belongs to the field of functional nanometer fiber materials. Hydrophobic polymers such as polyurethane, polystyrene and polymethyl methacrylate or polycaprolactone are used as the main raw materials of the fiber film, the main raw materials are dissolved in an organic solvent to form a polymer solution, hydrophobic nanometer particles are added into the polymer solution in the preparation process, after the mixture is evenly mixed, electro-spinning is conducted on the mixed solution by means of the electrostatic spinning method, and then a fiber film material which is formed by micro-nanometer composite structures and is in the shape of non-woven fabric is obtained. The electro-spun fiber film of the micro-nanometer structure has super-hydrophobic/super-oleophylic property in the air and excellent oil adsorption performance, and the contact angle to oil is nearly zero. The efficient oil and water separation composite fiber film is simple in preparation method, low in energy consumption, high in efficiency, high in oil and water separation speed, and capable of being widely used in the fields such as oily water efficient purification.
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