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23363 results about "Polyurethane" patented technology

Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. While most polyurethanes are thermosetting polymers that do not melt when heated, thermoplastic polyurethanes are also available.

Composite materials comprising polar polymers and single-wall carbon nanotubes

The invention relates to a composite comprising a weight fraction of single-wall carbon nanotubes and at least one polar polymer wherein the composite has an electrical and/or thermal conductivity enhanced over that of the polymer alone. The invention also comprises a method for making this polymer composition. The present application provides composite compositions that, over a wide range of single-wall carbon nanotube loading, have electrical conductivities exceeding those known in the art by more than one order of magnitude. The electrical conductivity enhancement depends on the weight fraction (F) of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the composite. The electrical conductivity of the composite of this invention is at least 5 Siemens per centimeter (S/cm) at (F) of 0.5 (i.e. where single-wall carbon nanotube loading weight represents half of the total composite weight), at least 1 S/cm at a F of 0.1, at least 1×10−4 S/cm at (F) of 0.004, at least 6×10−9 S/cm at (F) of 0.001 and at least 3×10−16 S/cm (F) plus the intrinsic conductivity of the polymer matrix material at of 0.0001. The thermal conductivity enhancement is in excess of 1 Watt/m-° K. The polar polymer can be polycarbonate, poly(acrylic acid), poly(acrylic acid), poly(methacrylic acid), polyoxide, polysulfide, polysulfone, polyamides, polyester, polyurethane, polyimide, poly(vinyl acetate), poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl pyridine), poly(vinyl pyrrolidone), copolymers thereof and combinations thereof. The composite can further comprise a nonpolar polymer, such as, a polyolefin polymer, polyethylene, polypropylene, polybutene, polyisobutene, polyisoprene, polystyrene, copolymers thereof and combinations thereof.

Self-sealing cannula having integrated seals

The present invention relates to a surgical access device comprising an elongate tubular member having a working channel and an axis extending between a proximal end and a distal end, a septum seal integrally formed at the distal end of the tubular member, and a zero seal disposed at the distal end of the tubular member and distal to the septum seal, the zero seal being sized and configured to seal when no instrument is in place within the working channel of the tubular member, and the zero seal being coupled to the septum seal and having properties to float with the septum seal relative to the tubular member. The tubular member may be formed from an elastomeric material. The tubular member has a wall that may be rigid or semi-rigid, and the tubular member may be reinforced with a coil along a portion of the tubular member. The tubular member may include a distal, mechanically deployable shielding portion. The zero seal may be a duckbill seal constructed with one or more intersecting sealing portions. The duckbill seal may comprise of opposing lip portions separated by a slit portion. The opposing lip portions are coated with or attached to a soft or occlusive material. The occlusive material is one of Kraton, polyurethane or the like. The occlusive lip portions allow a surgical item such as a suture to extend through the slit portion without disrupting the seal. In one aspect, the tubular member and the septum seal are molded together as a single unit and the zero seal is then bonded or fused to the septum seal. In another aspect, the tubular member, the septum seal and the zero seal are all molded together or integrally formed as a single unit. The tubular member may further comprise flexibility enhancing features to allow the tubular member to flex in response to a motion of a surgical instrument within the working channel of the tubular member.

Mechanical apparatus and method for artificial disc replacement

The present invention relates to a device and method which may be used to reinforce the native annulus during spinal surgery. The device is a catheter based device which is placed into the inter-vertebral space following discectomy performed by either traditional surgical or endoscopic approaches. The distal end of the catheter is comprised of an expansile loop which may be increased in diameter by advancement of a portion of the catheter via its proximal end, such proximal end remaining external to the body. The expansile loop may be formed of a woven or braided material and may be made of a polymer such as nylon, polyurethane, polyester, polyethylene, polypropylene or any of the well known and biocompatible polymers. Alternatively the expansile portion of the catheter may be formed from a metallic braid of stainless steel, elgiloy, Nitinol, or other biocompatible metals. The expansile loop may be formed such that when the loop is diametrically contracted the loop feeds into its other end, similar to a snake eating its own tail. Stabilization of the outer portion of the loop and pulling out the inner portion will thereby increase the overall diameter of the loop while maintaining it as a closed loop or torus. The present invention comprises four embodiments and can be used to 1) facilitate disk fusing, 2) perform an artificial replacement of the nucleus, 3) perform an artificial replacement of the annulus, or 4, perform an artificial replacement of both the nucleus and annulus.
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