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13646 results about "Quartz" patented technology

Quartz is a hard, crystalline mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms. The atoms are linked in a continuous framework of SiO₄ silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO₂. Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in Earth's continental crust, behind feldspar.

Reactor and method of processing a semiconductor substrate

A reactor for processing a substrate includes a first housing defining a processing chamber and supporting a light source and a second housing rotatably supported in the first housing and adapted to rotatably support the substrate in the processing chamber. A heater for heating the substrate is supported by the first housing and is enclosed in the second housing. The reactor further includes at least one gas injector for injecting at least one gas into the processing chamber onto a discrete area of the substrate and a photon density sensor extending into the first housing for measuring the temperature of the substrate. The photon density sensor is adapted to move between a first position wherein the photon density sensor is directed to the light source and a second position wherein the photon density sensor is positioned for directing toward the substrate. Preferably, the communication cables comprise optical communication cables, for example sapphire or quartz communication cables. A method of processing a semiconductor substrate includes supporting the substrate in a sealed processing chamber. The substrate is rotated and heated in the processing chamber in which at least one reactant gas is injected. A photon density sensor for measuring the temperature of the substrate is positioned in the processing chamber and is first directed to a light, which is provided in the chamber for measuring the incident photon density from the light and then repositioned to direct the photon density sensor to the substrate to measure the reflection of the light off the substrate. The incident photon density is compared to the reflected light to calculate the substrate temperature.

Lens and associatable flow cell

PCT No. PCT/US97/04398 Sec. 371 Date Sep. 18, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Sep. 18, 1998 PCT Filed Mar. 19, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO97/35176 PCT Pub. Date Sep. 25, 1997Improvements in a biosensor of the type having reservoirs or wells for analyzing a biological liquid are disclosed. A biosensor (190) includes a waveguide (164) placed between a plurality of members such as plates (100, 186), at least one of the members (100) being formed to define the walls (132, 134, 136) of the reservoirs where the liquid is biologically analyzed. The walls of the reservoirs are made of an inert, opaque material such as a metal. Although the biosensor may include a gasket (162), the gasket is associated with the members and waveguide in such a way (e.g. by recessing the gasket into a channel formed into a metal plate) so that the gasket does not form any significant portion of the reservoir wall. Waveguides of varying composition (e.g. plastic, quartz or glass) may be associated with the members to form the biosensor. The metal plate of the biosensor has input and output ports for infusing, draining, or oscillating the liquid to be analyzed in the reaction reservoir. Also disclosed is a sled-shaped waveguide associated with a rear lens to couple light out of the waveguide to serve as a quality control measure thus insuring that the biosensor is properly placed and that the light is working.

High-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete of carbon doped nano-tube and preparation method of high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete

InactiveCN104030634AImprove cracking strengthHigh strengthFiberSlag
The invention provides high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete of a carbon doped nano-tube. The high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete is prepared by taking cement, a carbon nano-tube, silica fume, a water reducing agent, silica sand, coal ash, quartz powder, steel fiber and water as raw materials, wherein all the components in the mixture are calculated in parts by mass: 1000-1200 parts of cement, 250-350 parts of silica fume, 250-350 parts of slag powder, 40-50 parts of water reducing agent, 1200-1400 parts of silica sand, 180-230 parts of water, 190-230 parts of steel fiber, 180-250 parts of coal ash, 80-120 parts of quartz powder, 0.1-5 parts of carbon-nano-tube dispersing agent and 1-10 parts of carbon nano-tube powder. The invention also provides a preparation method of the high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete. The reactive powder concrete obtained by the invention has the high compression strength of 250-300MPa and breaking strength of 45-60MPa, which are higher than the 200-level related performances of the traditional RPC (Reactive Powder Concrete). Meanwhile, the initial cracking strength of the reactive powder concrete material prepared by using the carbon nano-tube is greatly improved and is up to 10MPa in a direct stretching state, and the tensile strain corresponding to peak stress is up to more than 0.5%, so that the toughness and strength of the traditional RPC material are greatly improved.

Method of producing quartz glass bodies

PCT No. PCT/EP97/03818 Sec. 371 Date Mar. 3, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Mar. 3, 1998 PCT Filed Jul. 17, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/03440 PCT Pub. Date Jan. 29, 1998In a known process for the production of quartz glass bodies, SiO2 particles are deposited of the mantle surface of a cylindrical carrier rotating about its longitudinal axis, forming an elongated, porous preform, where the SiO2 particles are formed in a plurality of flame hydrolysis burners which are arranged in at least one burner row parallel to the longitudinal axis of the carrier and are moved at a preset translational speed forward and back between turnaround points at which points their direction of movement is reversed, and in which process the preform is sintered. In order to make available on this basis an easily accomplished process that makes it possible to manufacture a preform which is largely free of localized density variations, the invention proposes on the one hand that the base value of the surface temperature of the preform being formed be kept in a range between 1,050 DEG C. and 1,350 DEG C., that the average peripheral velocity of the preform be kept in the range between 8 m/min and 15 m/min and the average translational velocity of the burner row be kept in a range between 300 mm/min and 800 mm/min. On the other hand, the object is also accomplished according to the invention and on the basis of the known process in that in the area of the turnaround points (A, B) the peripheral velocity of the preform being formed is increased and/or the flame temperature is lowered and/or the distance of the burners from the preform surface is changed.

Autocollimation method of carrier aircraft rotating type strapdown inertial navigation system under shaking base

The invention discloses an autocollimation method of a carrier aircraft rotating type strapdown inertial navigation system under a shaking base, and belongs to the field of navigation. The autocollimation method comprises the following steps of: firstly obtaining the longitude and latitude of the position of a carrier, secondly collecting output signals of a fiber-optic gyro and a quartz flexible accelerometer in an inertia measurement unit, and then carrying out automatic compensation on a constant error of an inertia device by adopting a double-shaft rotating table rotatory IMU (inertial measurement unit) to form a rotating type strapdown inertial navigation system; and then calculating a rough initial posture array by utilizing gravity acceleration in an inertial coordinate system as a reference vector, establishing a state equation and a measuring equation again of the system, designing a vanishing adaptation Kalman filter to accurately estimate a misalignment angle of the carrier, and correcting a strapdown posture matrix by utilizing the misalignment angle to finish initial alignment and enter a navigation state. The method isolates the influence of shake of a vessel to initial alignment of a carrier aircraft, and dynamic random disturbance in measured noise is restrained through estimating the initial posture array of the system via the vanishing adaptation Kalman filter method, so that rapid autocollimation of the carrier aircraft rotating type strapdown inertial navigation system is realized.
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