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3741 results about "Glass-ceramic" patented technology

Glass-ceramics have an amorphous phase and one or more crystalline phases and are produced by a so-called "controlled crystallization" in contrast to a spontaneous crystallization, which is usually not wanted in glass manufacturing. Glass-ceramics have the fabrication advantage of glass, as well as special properties of ceramics. When used for sealing, some glass-ceramics do not require brazing but can withstand brazing temperatures up to 700 °C. Glass-ceramics usually have between 30% [m/m] and 90% [m/m] crystallinity and yield an array of materials with interesting properties like zero porosity, high strength, toughness, translucency or opacity, pigmentation, opalescence, low or even negative thermal expansion, high temperature stability, fluorescence, machinability, ferromagnetism, resorbability or high chemical durability, biocompatibility, bioactivity, ion conductivity, superconductivity, isolation capabilities, low dielectric constant and loss, high resistivity and break-down voltage. These properties can be tailored by controlling the base-glass composition and by controlled heat treatment/crystallization of base glass. In manufacturing, glass-ceramics are valued for having the strength of ceramic but the hermetic sealing properties of glass.

Composition of a thermaly insulating coating system

A composition for a Coating System (paint) which forms an insulating material being designed to both reflect infrared radiation and have reduced thermal conductivity. The coating system may be either a single Thermal Coating or may be a Thermal Coating used in combination with a Thermal Primer. The Thermal Coating is formulated using conventional techniques and a resin used in paint manufacture, but utilizes primary pigments and extender mineral pigments which preferentially reflect in the infra red area of the solar spectrum. A method of characterizing particulate materials for their infra red reflectivity is described, which provides a means for preferential selection of particulate additives based on their relative visible light and infrared reflectivity. Additionally the incorporation of hollow micro-spheres is desired to reduce thermal conductivity. The Thermal Primer is designed to provide adhesion between the Thermal Coating and the substrate on which it is applied and uses conventional techniques to achieve those properties. However it has been found advantageous to incorporate hollow micro-spheres with low thermal conductivity, such as glass, ceramic or polymeric micro-spheres and/or an extender pigment with low thermal conductivity such as calcined clay to further reduce heat flow through the Coating System.

Method for recycling iron on line from iron-containing industrial slag and preparing glass ceramics frit

The invention relates to a method for recycling iron on line from iron-containing industrial slag and preparing a glass ceramics frit, belonging to the technical field of resource comprehensive utilization and material preparation and mainly comprising a two-step method process of iron-containing industrial slag online rough adjustment and modification for reducing iron and fine adjustment and modification for preparing the frit. The method comprises the steps of: discharging high-temperature iron-containing slag into a high-temperature furnace device, and simultaneously adding a reducing agent and a modifying agent to ensure that slag components are adjusted to reach the optimal component point in which iron oxide is reduced; after fully reacted, separating reduced molten iron from the slag, and recycling to obtain high-temperature molten iron; further adding a modifying agent and an adjusting agent into the slag remained after the separation to ensure that the slag components are adjusted to achieve the quality requirement of slag glass ceramics on the frit; and water-hardening, drying and grading the qualified slag to prepare the glass ceramics frit. The invention realizes multiple purposes that the heat of the slag is directly utilized and metal iron is recycled to prepare a high addition value product as well as solid wastes are massively utilized, and the like.
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