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63708 results about "Slag" patented technology

Slag is the glass-like by-product left over after a desired metal has been separated (i.e., smelted) from its raw ore. Slag is usually a mixture of metal oxides and silicon dioxide. However, slags can contain metal sulfides and elemental metals. While slags are generally used to remove waste in metal smelting, they can also serve other purposes, such as assisting in the temperature control of the smelting, and minimizing any re-oxidation of the final liquid metal product before the molten metal is removed from the furnace and used to make solid metal. In some smelting processes, such as ilmenite smelting to produce titanium dioxide, the slag is the valuable product instead of the metal.

Process for abstracting earth silicon, oxide of alumina and gallium oxide from high-alumina flying ash

A method for extracting silicon dioxide, alumina and gallium oxide from high-alumina fly ash relates to the technology fields of environmental mineralogy and material, chemical industry and metallurgy. The method comprises the main steps as follows: causing the high-alumina fly ash to react with sodium hydroxide solution; filtering the solution; introducing CO2 to the filtrate for full gelation; cleaning, purifying, drying, grinding and calcining the silica gel after gel filtration to obtain finished white carbon black; adding limestone and a sodium carbonate solution into the filter mass after the reaction and filtration of the high-alumina fly ash and the sodium hydroxide solution; ball grinding the mixture into raw slurry; dissolving out the clinker obtained by baking the raw slurry; subjecting the filtrate to deep desiliconization to obtain sodium aluminate extraction liquid; filtrating the sodium aluminate extraction liquid after subjecting the sodium aluminate extraction liquid to carbon dioxide decomposition; baking the aluminum hydroxide after washing the filter mass to form the aluminum hydroxide product; and extracting the gallium oxide from the carbon dioxide decomposition mother solution and desiliconized solution. The method has the advantages of low material price, simple operating procedures, low investment, low production cost, low energy consumption and less slag.
Owner:TSINGHUA UNIV +1

Beneficiation method for recycling specularite

The invention discloses a benefication method for recovering specularite. The method comprises the processes of primary grinding, grading, primary low intensity magnetic separation, and tailings discarding by primary high intensity magnetic separation; rough concentrate pre-classification by the primary low intensity magnetic separation and the primary high intensity magnetic separation, secondary grinding, secondary low intensity magnetic separation to obtain concentrates, secondary high intensity magnetic separation to obtain concentrates; and selective flocculation desliming secondary conducted on high intensity magnetic separation tailings (middlings), and anionic reverse flotation. The method further comprises the step of arranging a cylindrical slag separating sieve before the primary high intensity magnetic separation. With the advantages that the iron concentrate grade and the iron recovery are high, the loss of granular iron minerals is low, the mineral process flow is short, concentrates and tailings can be obtained in advance and the energy consumption of the benefication is low, the invention can be used not only for selecting specularite ores, but also for selecting weakly magnetic iron minerals, such as hematite, goethite, siderite, limonite, and the like.
Owner:SINOSTEEL MAANSHAN INST OF MINING RES

Method for comprehensively recycling valuable metals from spent lithium ion battery

The invention discloses a method for comprehensively recycling valuable metals from a spent lithium ion battery. The method comprises the following steps: carrying out electric discharge treatment on a spent battery, crushing, pre-roasting at 300-400 DEG C, adding a reducing agent, and carrying out reduction roasting at 450-700 DEG C; carrying out water extraction and evaporative crystallization on fine aggregates obtained through the reduction roasting, so as to obtain a high-purity lithium product, leaching copper, nickel and cobalt from leached slag and roasted lump materials by virtue of ammonia oxide, carrying out magnetic separation and sieving on ammonia leaching slag so as to obtain iron and aluminum enriched products, and carrying out reduction acid leaching, purification and edulcoration on sieved products, so as to obtain a high-purity manganese sulfate solution; and carrying out extraction and selective reverse extraction on ammonia leaching liquid, so as to obtain a high-purity nickel sulfate solution and a high-purity copper sulfate solution, and carrying out vulcanization cobalt precipitation, oxidation acid leaching and extraction purification on raffinate, so as to obtain a high-purity cobalt sulfate solution. The method is high in extraction rate of valuable metals and applicable to the treatment of multiple waste lithium ion battery raw materials and efficient utilization of multiple elements, and sorting is not required.
Owner:GUANGDONG GUANGHUA SCI TECH

Recycling method for valuable metal from waste nickel-cobalt-manganese lithium ion battery

The invention relates to a method for recycling valuable metal from a waste nickel-cobalt-manganese lithium ion battery. The method comprises the following steps of: dismounting, discharging and crushing the battery, soaking crushed waste nickel-cobalt-manganese lithium ions into sulfuric acid with certain concentration, adding a reducing agent to strip positive and negative pole pieces, and leaching valuable metals of nickel, cobalt, manganese and lithium; and replacing leach liquor with iron powder to remove copper, carrying out hydrolyzing to remove iron and aluminum, and dosing an impurity-removed solution to synthesize an aluminum coated nickel, cobalt and manganese ternary positive electrode material precursor, evaporating and concentrating the synthesized solution, adding carbonateor introducing carbon dioxide to recycle lithium. According to the method disclosed by the invention, stripping and leaching are synchronously completed, chemical precipitation is performed to removecopper, iron and aluminum, slag amount is small, slag filter performances are good, and the impurity-removed solution is used for synthesizing the aluminum coated nickel, cobalt and manganese ternaryprecursor, so that the recovery rate of valuable metal is increased; and the recovery rate for nickel, cobalt and manganese is 96% or higher in the whole process, the total recovery rate of lithium is90% or higher, the technological process is short, operation is simple, equipment is less, and the cost is low.
Owner:JINCHUAN GROUP LIMITED +1

High-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete of carbon doped nano-tube and preparation method of high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete

The invention provides high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete of a carbon doped nano-tube. The high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete is prepared by taking cement, a carbon nano-tube, silica fume, a water reducing agent, silica sand, coal ash, quartz powder, steel fiber and water as raw materials, wherein all the components in the mixture are calculated in parts by mass: 1000-1200 parts of cement, 250-350 parts of silica fume, 250-350 parts of slag powder, 40-50 parts of water reducing agent, 1200-1400 parts of silica sand, 180-230 parts of water, 190-230 parts of steel fiber, 180-250 parts of coal ash, 80-120 parts of quartz powder, 0.1-5 parts of carbon-nano-tube dispersing agent and 1-10 parts of carbon nano-tube powder. The invention also provides a preparation method of the high-strength and high-toughness reactive powder concrete. The reactive powder concrete obtained by the invention has the high compression strength of 250-300MPa and breaking strength of 45-60MPa, which are higher than the 200-level related performances of the traditional RPC (Reactive Powder Concrete). Meanwhile, the initial cracking strength of the reactive powder concrete material prepared by using the carbon nano-tube is greatly improved and is up to 10MPa in a direct stretching state, and the tensile strain corresponding to peak stress is up to more than 0.5%, so that the toughness and strength of the traditional RPC material are greatly improved.
Owner:浙江固邦新材料有限公司

Ectopic leaching restoring device and restoring method for chromic slag polluted soil

The invention relates to an ectopic leaching restoring device and a restoring method for chromic slag polluted soil. The device is provided with an integrated soil leaching and dewatering system and mainly comprises a feeding system, a soil leaching-dewatering system, a waste gas treating system, an elution collecting treating system and an automatics control system. The chromic slag polluted soil firstly enters a reaction tank leaching section through the feeding system; a chrome-containing component in the soil is transferred into a liquid phase of a leaching agent; the liquid phase is rotated following a spiral stirring thruster; a muddy water mixture is conveyed into a reaction tank dewatering section; the filtrate is discharged through a tank wall with a water-permeable filtering function; the remained soil is conveyed to a mud discharging device following the rotating of the spiral stirring thruster; and lastly, the soil after being leached and dewatered is discharged. The device provided by the invention has the advantages that a power source is utilized to realize the soil leaching and muddy water separating, the energy consumption is low, the structure is simple, the use is convenient, the treating efficiency is high, and the purified degree of the polluted soil after being treated by using the device is above 85%.
Owner:INST OF PROCESS ENG CHINESE ACAD OF SCI

Composite tailing non-fired and non-steamed building block brick and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN102093004AHigh waste rateSolve the problem of excessive dosageSolid waste managementBrickSlag
The invention discloses a composite tailing non-fired and non-steamed building block brick and a preparation method thereof. The brick comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight or volume: 50-300 parts of tailing and 3-30 parts of cement; and at least two components are selected from the active wastes such as fly ash, coal gangue, shale slag, alkaline residue, carbide slag, chemical gypsum and the waste residue of metallurgical industry to be mixed with the raw materials. The preparation method comprises the following steps: mixing to stir, compressing and shaping, performing natural curing or utilizing the solar heaing hydrating maintenance to prepare the composite tailing building block brick. By adopting the preparation method of the invention, the single performances of the tailings and slags can be changed, thus the product can have higher strength and quality owning to the interaction of materials; the technology does not adopt firing and steaming, the cost is low; different sizes of solid bricks, perforated bricks, hollow blocks, floor tiles, grass planting bricks, roadside bricks and artistic rails can be prepared by changing the mould; and various harmful slags such as tailings can become good, the Chinese development direction of the comprehensive utilization of resources is satisfied and the brick of the invention has development and application prospect.
Owner:郭东京 +2

Method for recycling iron on line from iron-containing industrial slag and preparing glass ceramics frit

The invention relates to a method for recycling iron on line from iron-containing industrial slag and preparing a glass ceramics frit, belonging to the technical field of resource comprehensive utilization and material preparation and mainly comprising a two-step method process of iron-containing industrial slag online rough adjustment and modification for reducing iron and fine adjustment and modification for preparing the frit. The method comprises the steps of: discharging high-temperature iron-containing slag into a high-temperature furnace device, and simultaneously adding a reducing agent and a modifying agent to ensure that slag components are adjusted to reach the optimal component point in which iron oxide is reduced; after fully reacted, separating reduced molten iron from the slag, and recycling to obtain high-temperature molten iron; further adding a modifying agent and an adjusting agent into the slag remained after the separation to ensure that the slag components are adjusted to achieve the quality requirement of slag glass ceramics on the frit; and water-hardening, drying and grading the qualified slag to prepare the glass ceramics frit. The invention realizes multiple purposes that the heat of the slag is directly utilized and metal iron is recycled to prepare a high addition value product as well as solid wastes are massively utilized, and the like.
Owner:UNIV OF SCI & TECH BEIJING

Method for extracting tungsten, titanium and vanadium from waste SCR (selective catalytic reduction) catalyst

The invention discloses a method for extracting tungsten, titanium and vanadium from a waste SCR (selective catalytic reduction) catalyst, which comprises the following steps: crushing the waste SCR catalyst, adding a strongly alkaline solution, and reacting; filtering, separating, then adding strong acid into the sodium tungstate and sodium vanadate mixed solution, and reacting to obtain tungstic acid and a sodium salt and vanadic acid mixed solution; regulating the pH value of the sodium salt and vanadic acid mixed solution until precipitate is separated out, thus obtaining ammonium vanadate; then adding sulfuric acid into the tungsten-and-vanadium-removed SCR catalyst, and reacting to obtain a titanyl sulfate solution and solids such as aluminum slag and the like; then adding water into the titanyl sulfate solution, and hydrolyzing to obtain titanic acid and a waste acid solution; and finally, respectively calcining the obtained ammonium vanadate, tungstic acid and titanic acid to obtain vanadium pentoxide, tungsten trioxide and titanium dioxide. According to the invention, tungsten, titanium and vanadium can be extracted from the SCR catalyst through the reaction with strong alkali and strong acid at a low temperature, the equipment requirement is low, the energy consumption is low, some products having added values can be coproduced, and no secondary pollution is generated, thereby facilitating popularization and application.
Owner:成都新智金森环保科技有限公司

Manual thermit welding electrode and preparation and using methods thereof

The invention discloses a manual thermit welding electrode and preparation and using method thereof which belong to the technical field of welding. A welding compound of the welding electrode comprises a thermit, a slag forming constituent and an alloying agent. Raw materials are weighed according to the proportion and arranged in a ball mill, a grinding ball and a milling medium are added, and the welding compound is obtained by drying after wet grinding; the welding compound is filled in a cylinder which is made of paper, a lead wire is arranged at one end of the cylinder, and the other end is sealed by a plastic plug, thereby forming the thermit welding electrode; the welding electrode is arranged in a sleeve which is made of paper and sealed for preservation. When in use, the sleeve is fixed on the plug at the back end of the welding electrode, the sleeve is held by a hand, and the lead wire at the front end of the welding electrode is ignited, and then the manual welding or cutting operation can be carried out. The welding electrode is small, lightweight and portable, the welding and the cutting operations are simple, rapid and safe, the welding and the cutting operations can be carried out anytime and anywhere, and the welding electrode can be applied in the welding and the cutting of steels, stainless steels or copper alloy materials.
Owner:TSINGHUA UNIV
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