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11290 results about "Vulcanization" patented technology

Vulcanization (British: vulcanisation) is a chemical process, invented by Charles Goodyear, used to harden rubber. Vulcanization traditionally referred to the treatment of natural rubber with sulfur and this remains the most common example, however the term has also grown to include the hardening of other (synthetic) rubbers via various means. Examples include silicone rubber via room temperature vulcanizing and chloroprene rubber (neoprene) using metal oxides.

Method for comprehensively recycling valuable metals from spent lithium ion battery

The invention discloses a method for comprehensively recycling valuable metals from a spent lithium ion battery. The method comprises the following steps: carrying out electric discharge treatment on a spent battery, crushing, pre-roasting at 300-400 DEG C, adding a reducing agent, and carrying out reduction roasting at 450-700 DEG C; carrying out water extraction and evaporative crystallization on fine aggregates obtained through the reduction roasting, so as to obtain a high-purity lithium product, leaching copper, nickel and cobalt from leached slag and roasted lump materials by virtue of ammonia oxide, carrying out magnetic separation and sieving on ammonia leaching slag so as to obtain iron and aluminum enriched products, and carrying out reduction acid leaching, purification and edulcoration on sieved products, so as to obtain a high-purity manganese sulfate solution; and carrying out extraction and selective reverse extraction on ammonia leaching liquid, so as to obtain a high-purity nickel sulfate solution and a high-purity copper sulfate solution, and carrying out vulcanization cobalt precipitation, oxidation acid leaching and extraction purification on raffinate, so as to obtain a high-purity cobalt sulfate solution. The method is high in extraction rate of valuable metals and applicable to the treatment of multiple waste lithium ion battery raw materials and efficient utilization of multiple elements, and sorting is not required.

High-heat-conductivity rubber composite material and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a high-heat-conductivity rubber composite material and a preparation method of the high-heat-conductivity rubber composite material. The high-heat-conductivity rubber composite material consists of the following ingredients in parts by mass: 100 of rubber, 4 to 6 of zinc oxide, 1 to 3 of stearic acid, 1 to 2 of anti-aging agents, 40 to 60 of carbon black, 1 to 1.5 of promoters, 1 to 3 of sulphur and 50 to 170 of heat conducting agents. The manufacture method comprises the following process steps that: the rubber is added into an open mill, the zinc oxide, the stearic acid, the anti-aging agents, the promoters, the carbon black and the heat conducting agents are sequentially added after the roll recovering, and finally, the sulphur is added. After rubber materials are uniformly mixed, the thin conduction is carried out, triangle bag packing and rolling are respectively carried out for five times, and the roll distance is regulated to 1.5mm for sheet output. The material sheets are placed into a mold, the vulcanization is carried out on a flat plate vulcanization machine, the vulcanization time is 15 to 20 minutes, the vulcanization temperature is 160 to 165 DEG C, and the vulcanization pressure is 10 to 12MPa. The material disclosed by the invention has an excellent physical and mechanical property and a high heat conduction factor.

Highly ripping-resistant high temperature sulfidation silicon rubber and method for making same

InactiveCN101157801APolymer scienceVulcanization
The invention relates to a high anti-tearing and high temperature vulcanized silicon rubber, which is made through mixing and vulcanization of peroxide vulcanization agent and a combination which uses methylvinyl silicone rubber as base adhesive. The combination, according to weight proportion, comprises 100 of methylvinyl silicone rubber with low vinyl content, 1 to 30 of hydroxyl silicone oil, 0.1 to 3 of inner mold release agent, 15 to 80 of reinforcement agent, 1 to 10 of methylvinyl silicone rubber with high vinyl content and 1 to 10 of hydrogen-containing silicone oil; wherein, the vinyl molar content of the low vinyl-content methyvinyl silicone rubber is 0.01 percent to 0.15 percent; the vinyl molar content of the high vinyl-content methylvinyl silicone rubber is 1 percent to 10 percent. The invention has the advantages that the high vinyl-content methylvinyl silicon rubber is added into the methylvinyl silicone rubber, leading unsymmetrical concentration-crosslinking or one place multiple crosslinking to be formed during sulfuration period and the silicone rubber to generate so large resistance at the place that the rubber is difficult to be torn. In addition, the broken and tensile strength of vulcanized silicon rubber products is up to 8.5 MPa, and the tear strength is up to 45 N/mm.

Graphene-containing silicon rubber heat-conducting composite material and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to the field of heat-conducting high-polymer composite materials, particularly a graphene-containing silicon rubber heat-conducting composite material and a preparation method thereof. The heat-conducting composite material is mainly composed of graphene, an inorganic heat-conducting filler and a silicon rubber matrix, wherein the graphene accounts for 0.1-10 wt% of the silicon rubber heat-conducting composite material, and the graphene constitutes a heat-conducting network in the heat-conducting composite material. The method comprises the following steps: uniformly compounding the inorganic heat-conducting filler, graphene, crosslinking agent and other assistants and silicon rubber on a double-roll open mill to obtain a heat-conducting silicon rubber prepolymer; and carrying out primary vulcanization on the prepolymer on a flat vulcanizing machine, and carrying out secondary vulcanization in a drying oven to finally obtain the composite heat-conducting silicon rubber. Since the two-dimensional graphene has large thickness-diameter ratio and can easily constitute an effective heat-conducting network in the silicon rubber, a small amount of two-dimensional graphene can obviously enhance the heat-conducting property of the silicon rubber (the heat conductivity coefficient at 40 DEG C is 4.98 W/m.K). The silicon rubber composite heat-conducting material can be widely used in the field of heat dissipation of electronic products.

Pitted-surface metal and rubber composite conductive particle

The invention provides a pitted-surface metal and rubber composite conductive particle, which is formed by adhering a metal surface layer to a rubber basic body or slitting after adhesion, wherein the metal surface layer is a pitted surface and has pits or bumps or both the pits and the bumps; the pits or the bumps are formed on an external surface of the metal surface layer or an internal surface or both the external surface and the internal surface; the depths of the pits are smaller than the thickness of the metal surface layer; the heights of the bumps are greater than or equal to one tenth of the thickness of the metal surface layer; the metal surface layer is made of metal or alloy; gold, silver, copper or nickel can be coated on the external surface of the metal surface layer; the rubber basic body is made of silicon rubber or polyurethane rubber; an adhesion layer can be arranged between the metal surface layer and the rubber basic body; the adhesion layer is made of a heat vulcanization adhesive, a prime coating agent or a material which is the same as that of the rubber basic body; and aids such as a coupling agent can be coated on the internal surface of the metal surface layer. The metal surface layer is high in strength, stable in conductivity, high in strength of the adhesion layer and high in elasticity of the rubber basic body; and the pitted-surface metal and rubber composite conductive particles can serve as conductive parts of various kinds of keys of a mobile phone, an automobile and the like, and the cost can be controlled.

Sneaker sole material with high wear resistance and low hardness and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN102212216AReduce weightOverall Weight ImprovementSolesPolymer scienceVulcanization
The invention discloses a sneaker sole material with high wear resistance and low hardness and a preparation method thereof, particularly a method for preparing a sneaker sole material which is suitable for middle and high-grade sneaker soles with higher requirements on wear resistance and comfort. The sneaker sole material comprises the following components: butadiene rubber (BR), natural rubber (NR), styrene butadiene rubber (SBR), softening oil, a reinforcing agent, an activating agent, a coupling agent, a vulcanizer, a vulcanization accelerator, a tackifier and an anti-aging agent. A series of sole material with high wear resistance (DIN abrasion is less than or equal to 40mm<3>, and the length of grinding marks is 3.0 to 4.0mm) and low hardness (ShoreA 60-66) is prepared by screening the proportion of rubber composition, the coupling agent, the accelerator, and the activating agent and reasonably controlling a process on the basis of the rubber, the softening oil and the reinforcing agent. The material has the advantages that: (1) the total weight of a sneaker sole is expected to be reduced, namely the thickness of a rubber outer sole of a sneaker can be reduced under the condition that the material has the wearing life which is the same as that of the conventional sneaker sole, so that the total weight of the sole is reduced; (2) the humidity and slip resistance is improved, namely the hardness of the sole is lower and the sole is easy to distort under the condition of stress, so that the contact area of the sole and the ground is increased, and the aim of improving the humidity and slip resistance of the sole is fulfilled; and (3) the comfort is improved.

Mixed filling type thermal conductive silicone rubber composite and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a preparation method of a mixed filling type thermal conductive silicone rubber composite. Raw materials comprises the following components, by mass, 100 parts of raw silicone rubber, 10 parts of white carbon black, 1 to 3 parts of hydroxy silicone oil, 100 to 200 parts of a thermal conductive filler, 2 to 4 parts of a silane coupling agent and 2 parts of a di-2,5-vulanizator. The preparation method comprises the following steps: adding raw silicone rubber to a double roller mill; adding white carbon black, the thermal conductive filler, the silane coupling agent and hydroxy silicone oil according to a formula design after roller packaging; adding a peroxide vulcanizer after repeatedly and uniformly mixing; mixing uniformly to obtain mixed silicone rubber; putting in a die and carrying out first-stage vulcanization after cold pressing mold filling; and putting a molded sample in an air blasting drier and carrying out second-stage vulcanization to obtain a finished product. In the present invention, mixed particles of SiC and AlN are employed to fill high temperature vulcanized silicon rubber, effective thermal conductive net chains are formed in silicone rubber matrixes, so the obtained heat-conducting silicone rubber composite material has a good heat conducting performance.

Environmental-friendly synthetic organosilicon leather and method for producing same

The invention relates to environmental-friendly synthetic organosilicon leather and a method for producing the same. The synthetic organosilicon leather comprises vinyl polysiloxane gum, white carbon black, a structured treatment agent, a plastifying agent, an inhibitor, hydrogen containing silicone oil, a platinum catalyst and silicone rubber masterbatch. The method for producing the synthetic organosilicon leather comprises the following steps: mixing the raw materials to obtain solid mixed silicone rubber through vulcanization via addition, rolling the solid mixed silicone rubber by a multi-roll rolling machine to fit textile-based fabric, heating and vulcanizing to form the synthetic organosilicon leather. The environmental-friendly synthetic organosilicon leather is efficiently produced with a simple process and can be produced on a large scale. The produced synthetic organosilicon leather has good mechanical properties and excellent characteristics of being resistant to high andlow temperature, weathering aging and physical inertia, is easy to cut and sew and is waterproof and breathable. The combustion and decomposition product of the synthetic organosilicon leather contains no harmful substance, can be recycled and accords with environmental protection requirements.
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