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Microcapsule of organic phase change energy storage material and preparation method thereof

ActiveCN101555401AHas infrared reflective propertiesHas infrared absorption propertiesEnergy storageHeat-exchange elementsChemistryIn situ polymerization
The invention discloses a microcapsule of an organic phase change energy storage material and a preparation method thereof. The microcapsule of an organic phase change energy storage material comprises a core and a nucleocapsid, wherein the material of the core comprises the organic phase change energy storage material; the nucleocapsid at least comprises an inner layer and an outer layer, the inner layer is packaged by any one of an in situ polymerization method, an interface polymerization method, a reaction phase separating method, a double agglomeration method and a sol-gal process, and the outer layer is packaged by any one of an in situ polymerization method, a reaction phase separating method, a sol-gal process and a double agglomeration method. The microcapsule has adjustable size, nucleocapsid composition and shell thickness, favorable flexibility, mechanical strength, penetrability resistance and dispersibility and can be widely applied to the fields of energy sources, materials, aero-space, textile, electric power, medical apparatus, architecture, and the like, such as solar utilization, industrial afterheat and waste heat recovery, architecture energy storage, dress with constant temperature, air conditioners for cool and heat accumulation, constant temperature of electric appliances, and the like.
Owner:BEIJING NEW BUILDING MATERIAL

Heart valves and suture rings therefor

InactiveUS6945997B2Reduce stress pointImproving long-term functionalityHeart valvesInsertion stentTissues types
Improved, adaptable tissue-type heart valves and methods for their manufacture are disclosed wherein a dimensionally stable, pre-aligned tissue leaflet subassembly is formed and its peripheral edge clamped between and attached to an upper shaped wireform and a lower support stent. A variety of adaptable structural interfaces including suture rings, flanges, and conduits may be attached to the support stent with or without an outlet conduit disposed about the wireform to provide a tissue-type heart valve adaptable for use in either a natural heart or in mechanical pumping devices. The methods include forming individual leaflets with a template and using the template to attach the leaflets together to form a tissue leaflet subassembly. The template and leaflets include a straight edge terminating in oppositely directed tabs, and a curvilinear cusp edge extending opposite the straight edge. The template may include a guide slot in its straight edge and the assembly includes aligning two leaflet tabs with the template and passing sutures through the guide slot and through the leaflet tabs. The leaflet subassembly is mated to a wireform with the tabs extending through commissure posts of the wireform. A support stent having an upper surface matching the lower surface of the wireform sandwiches the edges of the leaflet subassembly therebetween. Separated tabs on the leaflet subassembly are passed through the wireform commissures and attached to adjacent stent commissures so as to induce clamping of the leaflet tabs between the stent commissures and wireform commissures upon a radially inward force being applied to the leaflets.
Owner:EDWARDS LIFESCIENCES CORP

Method for improving catalyst reacting activity in the propylene producing through propane dehydrogenation

A method to promote the activity of a catalyst for dehydrogenation of propane to propylene is as follows: (1) an inorganic oxide bonding agent, a promoter and an acid solvent are added into a heat-resistant oxide; then after the oxide bonding agent, the promoter, the acid solvent and the oxide are kneaded evenly, the oxide is molded by rolling or band-extruding; (2) the catalyst carrier prepared is dried for 2 to 10 hours under the temperature of 60 centigrade degrees, and calcined under the temperature of 400 to 800 degrees; (3) the calcined carrier is immersed in a rare earth metal water solution under the temperature of 60 to 100 centigrade degrees for 2 to 10 hours; (4) the catalyst carrier modified by the rare earth is immersed in a water solution comprising platinum metal elementsand the fourteenth metal elements under the temperature of 400 to 600 centigrade degrees for 2 to 10 hours, and then the carrier is filtered, washed with distilled water, dried under the temperature of 60 to 180 centigrade degrees for 2 to 10 hours, and calcined under the temperature of 400 to 600 centigrade degrees for 2 to 10 hours; (5) the catalyst prepared is activated in the air under the temperature of 400 to 600 centigrade degrees for 3 to 10 hours, and reduced in a hydrogen flow under the temperature of 400 to 600 centigrade degrees for 2 to 10 hours; the reduced catalyst is used for catalytic reaction for dehydrogenation of propane to propylene.
Owner:SOUTHEAST UNIV

Lithium ion battery silicon-based composite anode material, preparation method thereof and battery

The invention relates to a lithium ion battery silicon-based composite anode material, a preparation method of the lithium ion battery silicon-based composite anode material, and a battery. The lithium ion battery silicon-based composite anode material adopts an embedded composite core-shell structure, a core has a structure formed by embedding nano silicon particles into a gap of an inner layer of hollowed graphite, and a shell is made from a non-graphite carbon material. According to the silicon-based composite anode material, mechanical grinding, mechanical fusing, isotropic compression processing and carbon coating technologies are combined, so that the nano silicon particles can be successfully embedded into the inner layer of the graphite and the surfaces of graphite particles are uniformly coated; the high-performance silicon-based composite anode material is obtained and is excellent in cycle performance (the 300-times cycle capacity retention ratio is more than 90%) and high in first efficiency (more than 90%); in addition, the silicon-based composite anode material is high in specific energy and compaction density, and can meet the requirements of a high-power density lithium ion battery; the preparation process is simple, the raw material cost is low, and the environment is protected.
Owner:BTR NEW MATERIAL GRP CO LTD

Electromagnetic shielding optical window with double-layer pane metal gridding structure

The invention relates to an electromagnetic shielding optical window with a two-double pane metal grating structure and belongs to the optical transparent piece electromagnetic shielding technical field; the electromagnetic shielding optical window is formed by placing two layers of pane metal gratings or metal silk screens with the same structure parameters on two sides of the optical window or a transparent underlay in parallel; a side length of a pane of the two-double pane metal grating is greater than two times of a side length of a pane of the prior monolayer pane metal grating; the space between two layers of pane metal gratings is two to four times of the side length of the pane; compared with the prior monolayer pane metal grating, the optical window adopting the two-double pane metal grating structure does not reduce light transmittance, substantially improves the shielding efficiency of microwaves and millimeter waves, solves the problems that the high light transmittance and strong electromagnetic shielding efficiency can not simultaneously considered in the prior optical window electromagnetic shielding technology and is suitable for electromagnetic shielding in aerospace equipment, security facilities, medical diagnostic instruments and other military and civil optical transparent pieces.
Owner:HARBIN INST OF TECH

Nano porous high-temperature-insulating material taking thixotropic colloid as template agent and preparation method for high-temperature-insulating material

InactiveCN105314999AAvoid reunion and scatter problemsSimple preparation processCeramicwareThermal conductivityAerospace
The invention relates to a high-temperature-insulating material and a preparation method therefor and particularly relates to the high-temperature-insulating material, which has a nano porous structure, prepared through forming an aqueous-phase uniform three-dimensional-network nano porous structure by taking thixotropic colloid as a template agent and adding a binding agent, aggregates, powder materials, an opacifier and admixtures. The preparation method for the high-temperature-insulating material, disclosed by the invention, is simple and easy in operation, low in production cost and environment-friendly and safe in process, does not need high-pressure special equipment, is free of combustible and explosive or other harmful substances and is beneficial to mass production. The high-temperature-insulating material disclosed by the invention has the characteristics of light weight, high strength and low coefficient of thermal conductivity, can be used for preparing high-temperature-insulating bricks, heat-insulating plates, special-shaped pieces and coating materials and can be applied to the heat insulating protection of equipment such as high-temperature furnace hearths, pipelines and valves in the fields of aerospace and military industries, metallurgical forging, petroleum refining, electric power and the like, so that the safety of use and the level of energy saving and consumption lowering are improved.
Owner:浙江圣润纳米科技有限公司

Iron-based bio-char material, preparation process thereof, and application thereof in soil pollution treatment

The invention relates to the technical field of soil heavy metal remediation, and specifically discloses a method for preparing an iron-based bio-char material, a prepared iron-based bio-char material, and a method for applying the iron-based bio-char material in treating soil heavy metal pollution. According to the material, biomass is adopted as a raw material; a high-temperature carbonization method is adopted; during the bio-char preparation process, an iron-containing compound is added, such that iron is doped according to a certain ratio, and the iron-based bio-char material with special structure and function is formed. The material has the advantages of simple preparation process, low production cost, and short production period. The obtained iron-based bio-char material has a unique effect in repairing arsenic-cadmium composite polluted soil. With the material, bio-availability of arsenic and cadmium in soil can be effectively reduced, arsenic and cadmium contents in agricultural products planted in the arsenic-cadmium composite polluted soil can be greatly reduced, and no toxic or side effect is caused on crops. The material is safe to apply, and can be used in a large scale in treatment of arsenic-cadmium composite polluted soil.
Owner:GUANGDONG INST OF ECO ENVIRONMENT & SOIL SCI

Well treating fluids and methods

The present invention provides a method for reducing the amount of water produced from a subterranean formation as a result of stimulation of the subterranean formation. The method comprises the introduction of a first and second reactive polymer which leak-off into the formation and which are capable of subsequently reacting together to form a reaction product which selectively reduces the permeability of the formation to water flow through the formation. The reactive polymers react in situ to form a reaction product that binds to the formation in such a manner that the flow of water is selectively retarded through the matrix while the flow of oil is substantially unaffected.
Owner:HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVICES INC

Mesoporous Y-type zeolite molecular sieve and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a mesoporous Y-type zeolite molecular sieve and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method comprises the following steps of: firstly preparing a Y-type zeolite guiding agent; and then guiding synthesis of the mesoporous Y-type zeolite molecular sieve by using amphiphilic organosilane N,N-dimethyl-N-[3-(trimethoxysilane)propyl]octadecyl ammonium chloride (TPOAC) as a mesoporous template, wherein siloxane group at the organosilane terminal is firstly hydrolyzed into silicon hydroxyl; then the silicon hydroxyl is linked to a skeleton on the zeolite surface through chemical bonds; and other alkyl terminals are polymerized and then participate in pore expansion. According to the method disclosed by the invention, mesoporous zeolites can be synthesized by using a one-step hydrothermal process; the method is simple in preparation process, easy to operate and low in cost and good in connectivity between mesopores and micropores, and facilitates macromolecular diffusion. As the prepared mesoporous zeolite molecular sieve has the mesopores and the micropores, the defect of a single pore structure is avoided; and the mesoporous Y-type zeolite molecular sieve has broad application prospect in the catalytic field, in particular in macromolecular diffusion-limited reaction.
Owner:SOUTH CHINA UNIV OF TECH

Super-hydrophilic and underwater-super-oleophobic oil-water separation mesh membrane, and preparation method and application thereof

The invention discloses a super-hydrophilic and underwater-super-oleophobic oil-water separation mesh membrane, and a preparation method and an application thereof. According to the method, fabric mesh with a specification of 100-300 meshes is subjected to ultrasonic cleaning, and is air-dried under normal temperature; a hydrophilic polymer water-sensitive agent and a cross-linking agent are dissolved in water according to a ratio of 1:9-9:1; the mixture is well mixed by magnetic stirring, such that a solution with a concentration of 1-99% is prepared; nano-sol is prepared with a sol-gel method; the solution and the nano-sol are prepared into a mixed solution with a concentration of 1-99%, and the solution is well dispersed through ultrasonic dispersion; the mesh is soaked in the mixed solution and is vertically lifted, or the mesh is directly sprayed by using a high-pressure spraying gun; and the mesh is bake-dried, such that the super-hydrophilic and underwater-super-oleophobic oil-water separation mesh membrane is obtained. Contact angles of the super-hydrophilic and underwater-super-oleophobic oil-water separation mesh membrane with water and oil in air are both 0 DEG, and the membrane is super-hydrophilic. Under water, the contact angle of the membrane with oil drops is larger than 150 DEG, and the membrane has an oil drop low adhesion characteristic. The mesh membrane provided by the invention can be used in oil-water mixture separation and oil-containing sewage processing.
Owner:SOUTH CHINA UNIV OF TECH
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