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8948 results about "Carbonization" patented technology

Carbonization is the conversion of organic matters like plants and dead animal remains into carbon through destructive distillation.

Method for preparing C/SiC composite material through low-cost fused silicon impregnation method

The invention relates to a method for preparing a C/SiC composite material through a low-cost fused silicon impregnation method, which comprises the following steps: performing calcining pretreatment on a carbon felt or graphite felt at 400-600 temperature; immersing the pretreated carbon felt or graphite felt in a melamine and boric acid solution, thus coating a boron nitride protective layer; immersing in a carbon/silicon carbide slurry water solution, performing impregnation to ensure that pores of the carbon felt or graphite felt are fully filled with carbon/silicon carbide, placing in a sintering furnace, and performing primary fused silicon impregnation treatment at 1600-1800 DEG C; immersing in liquid phenolic resin, and performing carbonization treatment under the protection of an inert atmosphere at 800-1000 DEG C to ensure that all the resin is carbonized; and finally, performing secondary fused silicon impregnation treatment to ensure that carbon produced by carbonization of the resin totally reacts with silicon to generate silicon carbide, thus obtaining the C/SiC composite material. The obtained C/SiC composite material is high in density, low in air pore and free silicon content, and favorable in material strength, toughness and frictional wear performance, and can be used for manufacturing of brake pads.

Coking furnace capable of recycling heat energy and coking method

The invention discloses a coking furnace capable of recycling heat energy, and the coking furnace comprises a furnace body, an exhaust gas recycling system and a raw coal gas treatment system, wherein the furnace body sequentially comprises a coal feeding segment, a rapid coal heating segment, a raw coal gas leading-out segment, a coal carbonization coking segment, a coke quenching and tempering segment, a dry coke quenching segment and a coke discharging segment from top to bottom; the exhaust gas recycling system comprises an exhaust gas leading-out unit, an exhaust gas heat exchanger, a commutator and the like; and the raw coal gas treatment system comprises a raw coal gas leading-out unit. By using the coking furnace disclosed by the invention, continuous coal carbonization coking canbe achieved and the exhaust gas after combustion is used for dry coke quenching in the furnace; pre-dried coal can be quickly heated to 300 DEG C during entering the furnace, the coal is carbonized and coked in the furnace body, and the exhaust gas generated by self-combustion is used for dry coke quenching at the furnace bottom after the exhaust gas is cooled by heat exchange with air, thus continuously producing coke; the pollution is less in the production process; the coal industrial chain is extended, the coking cost is lowered, the coking coal types are broadened, and the product quality is improved; the profit margins are expanded in a large extent; and the maintenance cost is low.

Method for preparing fewer-layer graphene on basis of biomass waste

ActiveCN105060289AReduce pollutionAbundant and easy-to-obtain raw materialsCarbon layerArgon atmosphere
The invention discloses a method for preparing fewer-layer graphene on the basis of biomass waste, which comprises the following steps: carrying out hydrothermal treatment on the biomass waste, and carrying out carbonization by heating and calcination, thereby obtaining a carbonization material; immersing the carbonization material in an acid solution to remove impurities, thereby obtaining biomass carbon; and quickly heating the biomass carbon in an argon atmosphere, and carrying out high-temperature graphitization to obtain the biomass fewer-layer graphene. The hydrothermal process is combined with the high-temperature graphitization to directly strip the biomass waste, and the carbonization and high-temperature graphitization are carried out. Thus, the prepared biomass fewer-layer graphene has the advantages of fewer layers (2-10 layers), fewer defects, fewer oxy groups, high electric conductivity and small carbon layer interval. The method is simple to operate, has the advantages of low cost and high graphene yield, and can easily implement industrialized large-scale production. The prepared biomass fewer-layer graphene can be used in the fields of lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors and the like, is beneficial to green production of battery industry, and has important practical value and favorable application prospects.

Method for manufacturing high thermal conductivity graphite film

The invention discloses a method for manufacturing a high thermal conductivity graphite film, which adopts polyimide films as raw materials and is formed through two processes of carbonization and graphitization. The technological processes of the high thermal conductivity graphite film comprise the steps as follows: a, the polyimide films are selected as the raw materials, and a piece of graphite paper is clamped between each layer of the polyimide films; b, the polyimide films which are provided with the graphite paper at intervals, crossed and stacked are placed into a carbonization furnace to be carbonized in an environment of nitrogen or argon, the carbonized temperature ranges from 1000 DEG C to 1400 DEG C, and the time is controlled from 1 hour to 6 hours; and c, after the carbonization, the graphitization is performed also in the environment of nitrogen or argon, the temperature is controlled in a range from about 2500 DEG C to 3000 DEG C, and the time is controlled within 12 hours. The method for manufacturing the high thermal conductivity graphite film has a simple manufacturing process, the high heat dissipation capacity of the graphite film is guaranteed, the bending-resistant performance is enhanced, and a requirement for a thin and light electronic product of a consumer is met to a certain extent.

Refractory high-entropy alloy/titanium carbide composite and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a refractory high-entropy alloy/titanium carbide composite. A refractory high-entropy alloy serves as a matrix phase, and titanium carbide serves as a wild phase; and elements in the refractory high-entropy alloy are selected from at least four kinds of elements of W, Mo, Ta, Nb, V, Ti, Zr, Hf and Cr. A preparation method of the refractory high-entropy alloy/titanium carbide composite comprises the steps that at least four kinds of carbonization metal powder in tungsten carbide, molybdenum carbide, tantalum carbide, niobium carbide, vanadium carbide, the titanium carbide, hafnium carbide, zirconium carbide and chromium carbide are selected and mixed according to the equal molar ratio or the ratio close to the equal molar ratio to form high-entropy matrix powder; and after the high-entropy matrix powder and titanium powder are mixed, alloy mechanization is carried out, then spark plasma sintering or hot-press sintering is carried out, and the refractory high-entropy alloy/titanium carbide composite is obtained. The density and cost of the composite are reduced while the hardness of the composite is improved, excellent high-temperature performance is achieved, and the requirement for manufacturing a high-temperature structural component is met.

Carbonising and/or Activating Carbonaceous Material

A method is provided for carbonizing and activating carbonaceous material, which comprises supplying the material to an externally fired rotary kiln maintained at carbonizing and activating temperatures, the kiln having a downward slope to progress the material as it rotates, the kiln having an atmosphere substantially free of oxygen provided by a counter-current of steam or carbon dioxide, and annular weirs being provided at intervals along the kiln to control progress of the material. There may further be provided an externally fired rotary kiln for carbonizing and activating carbonaceous material having a hollow rotary body that has a downward slope towards a discharge end thereof, and which is provided at intervals along its length with annular weirs for controlling progress of the carbonaceous material. In embodiments, there is also provided a process is for producing discrete solid beads of polymeric material e.g. phenolic resin beads having a mesoporous structure, which may be useful as feedstock for the above mentioned carbonization/activation process or which may have other utility e.g. as ion exchange resins. The process may produce resin beads on an industrial scale without aggregates of resin building up speedily and interrupting production. The process comprises the steps of: (a) combining a stream of a polymerizable liquid precursor e.g. a novolac and hexamine as cross-linking agent dissolved in a first polar organic liquid e.g. ethylene glycol with a stream of a liquid suspension medium which is a second non-polar organic liquid with which the liquid precursor is substantially or completely immiscible e.g. transformer oil containing a drying oil; (b) mixing the combined stream to disperse the polymerizable liquid precursor as droplets in the suspension medium e.g. using an in-line static mixer; (c) allowing the droplets to polymerise in a laminar flow of the suspension medium so as to form discrete solid beads that cannot agglomerate; and (d) recovering the beads from the suspension medium. There is also provided apparatus for forming discrete solid beads of polymeric material, said apparatus comprising: a first line for conveying s stream of a polymerizable liquid precursor; a second line for conveying a stream of a dispersion medium with which the polymerizable liquid precursor is substantially or completely immiscible; an in-line mixer configured to receive a combined flow from the first and second lines and to disperse the polymerizable liquid precursor as droplets in the dispersion medium; a vertical polymerization column configured to receive the dispersion medium with the droplets dispersed therein and to permit the polymerizable liquid precursor polymerize while descending the column in a descending flow of polymerization medium; and a vessel at the base of the column for receiving the descending flow of dispersion medium and collecting polymerized solid beads.

Preparation method of anode material for power lithium ion battery

The invention discloses a preparation method of an anode material for a power lithium ion battery. The preparation method comprises the following steps: by adopting petroleum coke ground until the grain size is 1-6mu m, calcined petroleum coke or needle coke as a raw material, adding additives, adding a mixture to a reaction kettle to carry out first high-temperature carbonization coating under the protection of the inert atmosphere, then grinding the mixture with a grinder until the grain size is 5-13mu m, then carrying out superhigh-temperature graphitization at a temperature above 3200 DEG C, adding one or a mixture of petroleum asphalt, coal asphalt and resin to a material obtained after graphitization, and then enabling the mixture to enter a carburization furnace to undergo second coating under the protection of the inert atmosphere to obtain the anode material for the power lithium ion battery, namely a spheroidal artificial graphite material which is formed through bonding after being coated with granules and undergoes two-time coating and three-time high-temperature treatment. The preparation method has the advantages that the discharge rate property of the anode material is improved, the low temperature properties of the anode material are improved, and the latest requirements of the market for the product are further met.

Coal-fired power plant coal dust prepared activated coke flue gas comprehensive purification system and technology

InactiveCN102350214ARealize reburning and denitrificationFull joint removalDispersed particle separationResource utilizationCoal dust
The invention relates to a coal-fired power plant coal dust prepared activated coke flue gas comprehensive purification system and a technology. The technology provided by the invention comprises the following steps of: using coal dust in a coal-fired power plant as a raw material, simultaneously carrying out carbonization and activation on coal dust in an activated coke preparation reactor to obtain powdered activated coke, using pyrolysis gas obtained during the preparation process as reburning fuel and sending it into a boiler so as to remove part of NOx; sending the powdered activated coke into a flue gas adsorption tower, adsorbing pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, mercury and the like at an appropriate temperature, injecting ammonia gas and nitrogen oxide to perform a catalytic reduction reaction so as to remove nitrogen oxide; reusing the adsorbed activated coke after regeneration; sending the activated coke into the boiler for combustion after multiple adsorption/regeneration; regenerating the activated coke after adsorbing sulfur dioxide to obtain high-density sulfur dioxide gas to realize resource utilization. By the utilization of coal resources in a coal-fired power plant, the comprehensive purification of flue gas and the resource utilization of sulfur dioxide are realized without discharge of waste water, exhaust gas and solid waste.

Silicon-carbon composite material with nano micropores and preparation method as well as application thereof

The invention discloses a silicon-carbon composite material with nano micropores and a preparation method as well as application thereof. The material comprises nano-silicon (Si) particles and a carbon nanofiber matrix, wherein the nano-silicon particles are dispersed in the carbon nanofiber matrix; and nano pores and micropores communicated with the nano pores are distributed in the carbon nanofiber matrix. The method comprises the steps of dissolving the nano-Si particles and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) in a solvent to prepare a mixed spinning solution, then carrying out electrostatic spinning on the mixed spinning solution, and curing spinning trickles in a coagulating bath to obtain a porous PAN-Si composite nanofiber; and then carrying out oxidation and carbonization treatment in sequence to obtain the silicon-carbon composite material with a nano micropore structure. The silicon-carbon composite material is applied to preparation of lithium ion battery cathode materials. Compared with the prior art, the silicon-carbon composite material ensures the overall electron transport capacity of the material while reserving buffer space for expansion of the nano-Si particles.
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