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9521 results about "Natural gas" patented technology

Natural gas (also called fossil gas) is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium. It is formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure under the surface of the Earth over millions of years. The energy that the plants originally obtained from the sun is stored in the form of chemical bonds in the gas.

Power transmission line polling system

The invention discloses a power transmission line polling system. The system comprises a personal computer (PC) side control terminal, a server and a handheld personal digital assistant (PDA), wherein the PC side control terminal, namely a PC side management system, performs polling task management, polling condition management, defect management, defect standard management and geographic information system (GIS) geographic information management; the server receives and transmits information and stores data in real time, comprises an enterprise database and a Socket detectaphone which is used for detecting wireless data in real time, and is called a server Socket data receiving and transmitting system for short; and the handheld PDA performs field polling, is a mobile terminal which feeds back polling information through general packet radio service (GPRS), and is called a PDA mobile terminal polling system for short. The advanced technologies of a global positioning system (GPS) and a palm computer are fused in the system, and power transmission line polling is realized by using a component GIS technology and introducing the concept of embedded GIS; the system performs relatively precise positioning and complete defect data acquisition, can be used for a line polling step in a power system which is used for power transmission, power distribution and the like, and also can be widely applied to the management of the outdoor entities of telecommunication, coal gas, natural gas and the like which are related to the polling; and the operating cost is effectively lowered, and the economic benefit is effectively improved.

Thermoset nanocomposite particles, processing for their production, and their use in oil and natural gas drilling applications

Thermoset polymer particles are used in many applications requiring lightweight particles possessing high stiffness, strength, temperature resistance, and/or resistance to aggressive environments. The present invention relates to the use of two different methods, either each by itself or in combination, to enhance the stiffness, strength, maximum possible use temperature, and environmental resistance of such particles. One method is the application of post-polymerization process steps (and especially heat treatment) to advance the curing reaction and to thus obtain a more densely crosslinked polymer network. In general, its main benefits are the enhancement of the maximum possible use temperature and the environmental resistance. The other method is the incorporation of nanofillers, resulting in a heterogeneous “nanocomposite” morphology. In general, its main benefits are increased stiffness and strength. Nanofiller incorporation and post-polymerization heat treatment can also be combined to obtain the benefits of both methods simultaneously. The present invention relates to the development of thermoset nanocomposite particles. It also relates to the optional further improvement of the heat resistance and environmental resistance of said particles via post-polymerization heat treatment. Furthermore, it also relates to processes for the manufacture of said particles. Finally, it also relates to the use of said particles in the construction, drilling, completion and/or fracture stimulation of oil and natural gas wells; for example, as a proppant partial monolayer, a proppant pack, an integral component of a gravel pack completion, a ball bearing, a solid lubricant, a drilling mud constituent, and/or a cement additive.

Semi-closed brayton cycle gas turbine power systems

A semi-closed combined cycle power system 100 is provided which can also convert an open combined cycle gas turbine 10 into a non-polluting zero emissions power system. The prior art open combined cycle gas turbine 10 includes a compressor 20 which compresses air A' and combusts the air A' with a fuel, such as natural gas. The products of combustion and the remaining portions of the air form the exhaust E' which is expanded through the turbine 40. The turbine 40 drives the compressor 20 and outputs power. The exhaust E' exits the turbine 40 and then can optionally be routed through a heat recovery steam generator 50 to function as a combined cycle. According to this invention, the exhaust E' is not emitted into the atmosphere, but rather is routed to a divider 110. The divider 110 includes two outlets for the exhaust E' including a return duct 120 and a separation duct 130 which both receive a portion of the exhaust E'. The return duct 120 routes a portion of the exhaust E' back to the compressor 20. Before reaching the compressor 20, an oxygen duct 150 adds additional oxygen to the exhaust E' to form a gas mixture C which includes CO2 and steam from the exhaust E' and oxygen from the oxygen duct 150. This gas mixture C has characteristics which mimic those of air, so that the compressor 20 need not be modified to effectively compress the gas mixture C. The gas mixture C is compressed within the compressor 20 and routed to the combustor 30 where the fuel combusts with the oxygen of the gas mixture C' and produces exhaust E' which is substantially entirely CO2 and steam. This exhaust E' is routed through the turbine 40 and expanded to drive the compressor 20 and output power. The exhaust E' exits the turbine 40 and is routed back to the divider 110, preferably by way of a heat recovery steam generator 50 or other heat removal device, so that the semi-closed cycle operates as a combined cycle power system 100. The divider 110 directs a portion of the exhaust E' to a separation duct 130 which leads to a condenser 140. In the condenser 140 the exhaust E' is separated by condensation of the steam/water portion of the exhaust and removal of the remaining CO2 as gas from the condenser 140. The only exhaust from the semi-closed power system 100 is water and CO2 from the condenser. The CO2 exhaust is substantially pure and ready for appropriate further handling and disposal. Hence, no pollutants are emitted from the semi-closed power system 100. The return duct 120 can

Process and system for converting carbonaceous feedstocks into energy without greenhouse gas emissions

The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing military waste, carbonaceous-containing industrial waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing sewage sludge and municipal solid waste, carbonaceous-containing agricultural waste, carbonaceous-containing biomass, biological and biochemical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations. One portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier becomes electrochemically oxidized in an electricity-producing fuel cell into an exit gas comprising carbon dioxide and water. The latter is recycled back to the gasifier after a portion of water is condensed out. The second portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier is converted into useful hydrocarbon products.

Integrated hydraulic station

The invention belongs to the technical field of compressed natural gas filling, and particularly relates to an integrated hydraulic station which realizes high integration of an oil tank, plunger pumps, motors, a valve block, a cooler, an instrument and a sensor. The reversing function of hydraulic oil is provided through cooperation of an electro-hydraulic reversing valve and a proximity switch on a hydraulic cylinder, the functions of circulating heating of the low-temperature hydraulic oil, discharging of the high-pressure hydraulic oil and avoiding the hydraulic oil channeling back betweenthe double pumps are realized through cooperation of an unloading valve, a one-way valve and the electro-hydraulic reversing valve in the valve block, the high-pressure difference automatic stop function and the high-pressure gas discharging function are provided, combustible gas leakage and expansion deformation of the oil tank which cannot be recovered caused by high-pressure gas channeling back are avoided, the functions of low oil level monitoring alarm, temperature monitoring alarm and low oil temperature automatic circulating heating before starting of the hydraulic oil tank are provided, a three-way ball valve is adopted to replace an oil return valve block in the aspect of cooling oil return of the hydraulic oil, thus the oil return control function is realize, and the cost and space of the hydraulic station are also reduced.
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