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21938 results about "Sludge" patented technology

Sludge is a semi-solid slurry that can be produced from a range of industrial processes, from water treatment, wastewater treatment or on-site sanitation systems. For example, it can be produced as a settled suspension obtained from conventional drinking water treatment, as sewage sludge from wastewater treatment processes or as fecal sludge from pit latrines and septic tanks. The term is also sometimes used as a generic term for solids separated from suspension in a liquid; this 'soupy' material usually contains significant quantities of 'interstitial' water (between the solid particles). Sludge can consist of a variety of particles, such as animal manure.

Process and system for converting carbonaceous feedstocks into energy without greenhouse gas emissions

The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing military waste, carbonaceous-containing industrial waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing sewage sludge and municipal solid waste, carbonaceous-containing agricultural waste, carbonaceous-containing biomass, biological and biochemical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations. One portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier becomes electrochemically oxidized in an electricity-producing fuel cell into an exit gas comprising carbon dioxide and water. The latter is recycled back to the gasifier after a portion of water is condensed out. The second portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier is converted into useful hydrocarbon products.

Combined anaerobic fermentation process for organic solid wastes

The invention discloses a combined anaerobic fermentation method of organic solid wastes. The organic solid wastes used for the combined anaerobic fermentation include domestic wastes, excess sludge, feces, kitchen waste, straws, etc. The method comprises the following steps: carrying out different pre-processing processes to obtain organic materials with a granularity less than 5 mm; passing through a cutting pump, adjusting the C/N ratio, adjusting the water content, etc. to obtain a homogeneous fermentation substrate with a solid holdup of 2 to 10%; hydrolyzing and acidifying the fermentation substrate in the presence of a hydrolase; fermenting for a period of 15 to 25 days under the condition of stirring at a middle temperature of 32-38 DEG C to obtain biogas, which can be used for energy supply or output of a system; aging and desalting the biogas liquid to obtain a liquid humic acid fertilizer; and processing the biogas residues to a granular humic acid fertilizer. The fermentation substrate has proper C/N ratio to obviate feedback suppression of the substrate during the fermentation of a single material and simultaneously can enhance the hydrolysis effects of celluloses, lignin, hemicelluloses, etc. The method has the advantages of easy flow pattern control, low energy consumption, and no generation of sewages, and can obtain the high-quality biogas fluid and the high-quality granular humic acid fertilizer.

Sewage treatment unit with good practicality

The invention discloses a sewage treatment unit with good practicality. The sewage treatment unit comprises a settling box, a purifying box and a disinfection box, wherein the top end of one side of the settling box is provided with a chemical reagent tank; the top of the settling box is provided with a stirring motor; a sludge discharge outlet is formed in the bottom end of the settling box; the interior of the purifying box is provided with, from top to bottom, a magnet adsorption screen, a biomembrane filter screen and an active carbon filter screen; the sidewall of the disinfection box is provided with an ozone generator; and gas-distributing pipes are arranged in the disinfection box. The sewage treatment unit provided by the invention can effectively eliminate heavy metals, microbes, organic harmful substances, particulate matters and other impurities in water, is capable of removing pigments and peculiar smell in water, and has improved sewage treatment effect; and since the ozone generator is mounted on the sidewall of the disinfection box, ozone generated by the ozone generator can be used for sterilization and disinfection of purified clear water after purification of sewage, so sewage is allowed to reach discharge standard.

Ecological protection greening substrate for rock slope

InactiveCN101485282AQuick closurePrevent weathering and peelingCultivating equipmentsSoilless cultivationFiberSludge
The invention discloses a rock slope ecological protection afforestation substrate. The substrate is prepared by evenly mixing a mixture of mixed and fermented straw, cattle manure, edible fungus refuse (the waste after the edible fungus production), sludge and organic matter fibers, compound fertilizer, a soil moisture holding agent, a binding agent, attapulgite powder and a pH regulator. The rock slope ecological protection afforestation substrate is used to carry out the spray seeding and greening on the exposed rock slope, the discarded mine and the mountain gap, and can maximally restore the vegetation ecology in a shorter period, thereby reaching the aims of afforestation and slope protection. The substrate can supply a reasonable physical structure and nutrient contents needed by the growth of the vegetation, and ensure the sufficient cohesion force between the substrate mixture on the slope surface and the rock slope so as to ensure that the vegetation on the slope surface can take root and grow well on the rock slope. The substrate can ensure the stability of the substrate mixture on the slope surface so as to resist the rain erosion. The substrate can rapidly seal the slope surface and prevent the slope surface from flaking off due to efflorescence together with the vegetation.

Novel method for innocent treatment and utilization of dead livestock and poultry

The invention discloses a novel method of the harmless treatment and utilization of livestock and poultry which died of disease according to the steps as follows: firstly, various kinds of the animal bodies of the livestock and the poultry which died of disease are collected; secondly, the animal bodies are crushed; thirdly, the crushed animal bodies are sterilized under high temperature and highpressure and separated for filtering, the material of oil and fat flows into a cooling pool, and the material of hair and bone is dried; fourthly, the material of hair and bone after drying is carbonized; fifthly, the material of oil and fat after cooling is added with catalyst, high-efficiency compound microorganism, trash, organic wastewater and sludge; sixthly, the mixed organic material is put into an anaerobic tower to be fermented, and then biogas, biogas slurry and biogas slag are processed for three-phase separation; seventhly, the biogas is used for burning and generating electricity; eighthly, the biogas slurry inside a fertilizer storing pool is used as farmland fertilizer; ninthly, the biogas slag is added with the high-efficiency compound microorganism and the catalyst for secondary ferment; tenthly, the material after the secondary ferment is made into agricultural high-efficiency organic fertilizer. The invention solves the problem of the environmental pollution caused by the livestock and poultry which died of disease and change the waste livestock and poultry which died of disease into valuables.

Formula and method for manufacturing ceramic tile blank bodies and glazed tiles by utilizing polished waste residues

The invention discloses a formula and a method for manufacturing ceramic tile blank bodies by utilizing polished waste residues. The formula adopts ingredients by weight portions: porcelain clays account for 18 to 40 parts, clays account for 20 to 30 parts, limestone grains account for 1 to 10 parts, wollastonite grains account for 3 to 15 parts, glazed tile sludge residues account for 3 to 10 parts, ceramic polished waste residues account for 15 to 45 parts, soluble glass accounts for 1 to 2 parts, thinners account for 0.15 to 0.4 parts, sodium tripolyphosphate accounts for 0.05 to 0.2 parts, and a proper amount of water is adopted. A manufacturing method of the ceramic tile blank bodies comprises the steps as follows: a. raw materials are put in a ball grinder for ball milling after being blended so as to form sizing agents with proper fineness and screen tailings through milling, and the sizing agents are processed through deferrization, sieving and spray drying so as to form powders; and b. the powders are put in a die cavity of a press forming machine to form waterish blanks through pressing, the waterish blanks are dried in a drying kiln, the dried waterish blanks are applied with base pulp and then enter a biscuit firing kiln, biscuit firing is carried out under the temperature ranging from 1080 to 1160 DEG C, heat preservation is carried out in an area with the temperature ranging from 1040 to 1060 DEG C, the sintering time of the area is prolonged, and the sintering process for oxidizing atmosphere can be enhanced at the same time so as to obtain the ceramic tile blank bodies.

Water treatment

This is a method of water and wastewater treatment for removal of pollutants in at least two-step process comprising (a) treatment of water producing at least partially treated intermediate effluent, (b) treatment of the intermediate effluent with a sacrificial metal and producing ions of said sacrificial metal, and providing very thoroughly treated effluent, (c) recuperating sacrificial metal ions generated in the step (b) and recycling the recuperated ions in the step (a), the recuperated and recycled ions from the step (c) improve treatment efficiency of step (a) by additionally removing pollutants from the intermediate effluent using recuperated ions, resulting in cleaner intermediate effluent, and, therefore, the pollutant loading rate in step (b) is reduced, intermediate effluent is further treated more thoroughly, and the demand for the sacrificial metal in step (b) is reduced. Step (a) can preferably be a biological, biological-abiotic, physical chemical, or combination of these steps. Step (b) is preferably a spontaneous cementation-driven electrochemical process. The combination of said steps (a), (b) and (c) produces a synergistic effect resulting in improved removal of said pollutants and in reduced need in said sacrificial metal. For example, a drinking quality water can be very economically and reliably obtained from wastewater. In addition to the superb treatment efficiency and reduced reagent requirements, the waste sludge from the system is beneficially disposed in-sewers, in sanitary landfills or on land.

Green bioactive organic fertilizer

The invention relates to a green bioactive organic fertilizer, which effectively solves the problems of soil hardening, environmental pollution, and harm from residual chemical substances of grains, vegetables and fruits to human bodies. The solved technical scheme is that the green bioactive organic fertilizer is prepared by taking sludge, waste powder, poultry and animal feces, straw powder, residues, feather powder, amino acid original powder, phosphoesterases complex, a first group of complex bacteria, and a second group of complex bacteria as raw materials; uniformly mixing the sludge, the waste powder, the poultry and animal feces, the straw powder, the phosphoesterases complex and the first group of complex bacteria; stacking and covering the mixture with a sack for performing a biogenic reaction, and keeping a reaction product at the temperature of 50 to 55 DEG C for 2 days; adding the residues, the feather powder, the amino acid original powder into the reaction product, uniformly mixing the mixture for performing a secondary reaction, and keeping a reaction product at the temperature of 50 to 55 DEG C for 7 to 10 days; and adding the second complex bacteria into the latest reaction product, uniformly mixing, palletizing, checking and packaging the mixture. The green bioactive organic fertilizer has the advantages of scientific formulation, simple preparation method, good effect, no pollution and no harm to human bodies.
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