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11601results about "Bio-organic fraction processing" patented technology

Method for preparing herbal biological fiber and biological paper pulp

The invention discloses a method for preparing a herbal biological fiber and biological paper pulp, and the used microbial composite agent and a preparation method thereof. The biological fiber is prepared through pretreatment of a herbal raw material, biological degumming fermentation, and subsequent mechanical treatment of a fermentation product. The composite agent comprises degumming bacteria, nutrition bacteria and decolorizing bacteria, and various strains are synergistic without antagonistic reaction. In the method for preparing the biological fiber and the biological paper pulp, a chemical additive is not needed at all, but the high-cellulose and hemicellulose biological fiber and the biological paper pulp can be industrially produced; decolorization is complete, and the produced biological fiber and biological paper pulp have white color; a bleaching process is avoided, so investment in decolorizing production equipment is saved, and fiber extracting and pulping investment cost can be effectively reduced; in addition, waste gas and waste water are not generated in the fiber extracting and pulping process, inorganic pollutants are not generated, waste water and waste residues produced in each process step can be produced and converted into a biological fertilizer, and water is recycled.

Combined anaerobic fermentation process for organic solid wastes

The invention discloses a combined anaerobic fermentation method of organic solid wastes. The organic solid wastes used for the combined anaerobic fermentation include domestic wastes, excess sludge, feces, kitchen waste, straws, etc. The method comprises the following steps: carrying out different pre-processing processes to obtain organic materials with a granularity less than 5 mm; passing through a cutting pump, adjusting the C/N ratio, adjusting the water content, etc. to obtain a homogeneous fermentation substrate with a solid holdup of 2 to 10%; hydrolyzing and acidifying the fermentation substrate in the presence of a hydrolase; fermenting for a period of 15 to 25 days under the condition of stirring at a middle temperature of 32-38 DEG C to obtain biogas, which can be used for energy supply or output of a system; aging and desalting the biogas liquid to obtain a liquid humic acid fertilizer; and processing the biogas residues to a granular humic acid fertilizer. The fermentation substrate has proper C/N ratio to obviate feedback suppression of the substrate during the fermentation of a single material and simultaneously can enhance the hydrolysis effects of celluloses, lignin, hemicelluloses, etc. The method has the advantages of easy flow pattern control, low energy consumption, and no generation of sewages, and can obtain the high-quality biogas fluid and the high-quality granular humic acid fertilizer.

Seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables

The invention discloses a seedling substrate for vegetables, belonging to the technical field of soilless culture. The substrate formula comprises the following components based on volume ratios: 10-40% of fermented vinegar dreg, 5-30% of fermented cassava dreg, 5-30% of plant ash, 5-30% of perlite, 5-30% of vermiculite and 10-25% of turf. The water content of the substrate is not bigger than 50%, and the total porosity of the substrate is 65-95%, and the total nutrient content of the substrate (N+P2O5+K2O) is 3-5%, and the grain diameter of the substrate is 0.1-4.9 mm, and the volume weight of the substrate is 0.2-0.8 g/cm3, and the gas-water ratio of the substrate is 1: 2-4, and the EC (elastic coefficient) value of the substrate is 1-3 and the pH value of the substrate is 5.8-7.5. The seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables mainly uses organic wastes as raw materials, and produces seedling substrate by high temperature fermentation treatment, and changes wastes into wealth, and turns harm into good. The invention has a low production cost, a light weight and complete nutrients such that it is suitable for growth and development for vegetable seedlings, and is a good substrate for soilless culture industrialized tray seedling for vegetables.

Organic fertilizer with livestock and poultry manure and preparation method thereof

The invention provides an organic fertilizer with livestock and poultry manure and a preparation method thereof. The organic fertilizer comprises cow manure, edible mushroom dregs, pig manure, chicken manure, maize straw powder and an Em (effective microorganisms) stock solution. The specific formula of the organic fertilizer comprises 19.7 percent of edible mushroom dregs, 10 percent of pig manure, 10 percent of chicken manure, 20 percent of maize straw powder, 0.3 percent of Em stock solution, and the balance of cow manure. The preparation method of the organic fertilizer is characterized in that a production technology of the organic fertilizer with the livestock and poultry manure mainly adopts a shallow pool type fermentation technology, namely the cow manure, the pig manure, the chicken manure, the edible mushroom dregs, the maize straw powder and the Em stock solution are poured into a mixer in proportion and are evenly mixed and stirred, the evenly mixed and stirred materials are sent into a shallow layer pool type fermentation pool, and the organic fertilizer fermentation environment temperature is controlled to be above 15 DEG C. Firstly, various raw materials including the livestock and poultry manure, the edible mushroom dregs, the straw powder and a fermentation bactericide are mixed, and then the mixed materials are put into a mixing and stirring machine to be evenly stirred, are sent into the material fermentation pool to be fermented for 8 days and are discharged from the pool to enter a secondary aerobic fermentation procedure. The organic fertilizer has the advantages of low cost and high yield and can improve the quality of crops.

Method for processing food waste by using black soldier fly larvae and material formula

The invention belongs to the field of environmental protection, relating to a method for processing food waste by using black soldier fly larvae and comprising the following steps: coarse crushing the food waste and then adding auxiliary materials to obtain culture materials for the black soldier fly larvae; and grafting black soldier fly spawn on the surface of the culture materials for the black soldier fly larvae so that the larvae hatched by the black soldier fly spawn acquires the culture materials for the black soldier fly larvae, thereby processing and cleaning the food waste. Before the black soldier fly larvae ages, a polypide collecting container is externally connected to the area for piling up the culture materials for the black soldier fly larvae and is filled with dry rice bran powder so as to guide to collect the aged black soldier fly larvae; and the rest of the processed culture materials for the black solider fly larvae is dried and then prepared into microbial organic fertilizer. The invention has strong processing capability, rapid processing speed compared with the common compost, the processing period is 4-5 days; after being processed, the volume of the food waste is reduced by 10-30%, the peculiar smell of the waste is lightened; and the invention can obtain excellent microbial organic fertilizer and insect bioprotein at the same time.

Special seedling-raising medium for leaf vegetables

The invention discloses a special seedling-raising medium for leaf vegetables, belonging to the technical field of soilless culture. The medium comprises vinegar residue, manioc waste and other organic wastes, as well as vermiculite, grass carbon, plant ash and perlite. The formula of the medium comprises the following components in volume ratio: 25-35 parts of vinegar residue, 5-10 parts of manioc waste, 10-15 parts of plant ash, 15-20 parts of vermiculite, 20-25 parts of grass carbon and 5-10 parts of perlite; and the medium has total nutrient content of 1-3%, free water content of 25-40%, total porosity of 65-85%, volume weight of 0.1-0.8g/m<3>, pH of 5.5-7.5, EC (electrical conductivity) value of 0.5-2.0mS/cm and dry base organic matter content of not less than 25%. The special seedling-raising medium disclosed by the invention mainly takes the vinegar residue, the manioc waste and other organic wastes as raw materials, and high-temperature fermentation treatment is performed for producing the soilless culture medium, so that the wastes are changed into valuables and harmful things are further turned to beneficial things. The special seedling-raising medium has the advantages of low cost, light texture and complete nutrition, is very suitable for raising seedlings of the leaf vegetables, and becomes a good seedling-raising medium for soilless culture of horticultural crops.

Pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof, belonging to the technical field of organic fertilizers. Tobacco waste and oil tea pulp are utilized as main raw materials to develop a method of the pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer. The invention breaks through the limitations of harmful substances and single product effect due to addition of chemical materials in the traditional organic fertilizer. The pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials: tobacco waste, oil tea pulp, organic substances, a poising agent and a microbial inoculant. The preparation method of the organic fertilizer comprises the following steps: crushing tobacco straws, tobacco stems, tobacco powder, oil tea pulp and organic substances, spraying the poising agent and microbial inoculant, mixing, carrying out pool stack fermentation and strip stack fermentation, screening and granulating to obtain the insect-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer. The high-efficiency biological insect-inhibiting factors contained in the organic substances containing massive mycoprotein can effectively inhibit and kill pests and pathogenic bacteria, and solve the problem of environmental pollution caused by the pesticide fertilizer.

Domestic garbage transformation technique, system and apparatus without conventional fuel for combustion supporting

The invention provides a process, a system and equipment for converting household garbage without support combustion of the prior fuels, which relates to a process and equipment for processing garbage. The process is characterized in that the household garbage is sent into a gasification furnace or an incinerator after separating, dehydrating by rolling compaction and air-drying treatment; garbage fuel is converted in the furnace by a mode of gasification or incineration, and is subjected to baking, pyrogenation, gasification and carbon residue burn-out in the furnace; the converted synthesis gas is used for cleaning energy; waste heat of incineration is absorbed by heat-exchange equipment for reclamation; garbage rolling liquid is sent into a digesting machine for anaerobic fermentation so as to produce biogas, the biogas is used as auxiliary fuel of the incinerator, and the digested residue and residual liquid are used for fertilizing crops; and inorganic substances separated from the garbage are used as raw materials to manufacture bricks, and clinker discharged from the incinerator or the gasification furnace is used for producing cement or fertilizer. The process, the system and the equipment comprehensively utilize the garbage so as to achieve complete dissolving treatment, and the equipment has a simple structure and low investment cost, and is easy to popularize..

Novel method for innocent treatment and utilization of dead livestock and poultry

The invention discloses a novel method of the harmless treatment and utilization of livestock and poultry which died of disease according to the steps as follows: firstly, various kinds of the animal bodies of the livestock and the poultry which died of disease are collected; secondly, the animal bodies are crushed; thirdly, the crushed animal bodies are sterilized under high temperature and highpressure and separated for filtering, the material of oil and fat flows into a cooling pool, and the material of hair and bone is dried; fourthly, the material of hair and bone after drying is carbonized; fifthly, the material of oil and fat after cooling is added with catalyst, high-efficiency compound microorganism, trash, organic wastewater and sludge; sixthly, the mixed organic material is put into an anaerobic tower to be fermented, and then biogas, biogas slurry and biogas slag are processed for three-phase separation; seventhly, the biogas is used for burning and generating electricity; eighthly, the biogas slurry inside a fertilizer storing pool is used as farmland fertilizer; ninthly, the biogas slag is added with the high-efficiency compound microorganism and the catalyst for secondary ferment; tenthly, the material after the secondary ferment is made into agricultural high-efficiency organic fertilizer. The invention solves the problem of the environmental pollution caused by the livestock and poultry which died of disease and change the waste livestock and poultry which died of disease into valuables.

Method for comprehensively recycling fecal sewage of large-scale livestock and poultry farms and farmland crop straws

InactiveCN102173507AOvercome the problem of insufficient productionIncrease gas productionBio-organic fraction processingWaste based fuelFecesSlurry
The invention relates to a method for comprehensively recycling the fecal sewage of large-scale livestock and poultry farms and farmland crop straws, which comprises the following steps of: (1) performing anaerobic digestion, namely regulating the solid content of the fecal sewage of livestock and poultry to be between 5 and 10 percent, adding anaerobic digestion inocula, and performing the anaerobic digestion to generate methane; (2) performing energy utilization on the methane, namely purifying the methane obtained in the step (1) to be used as fuel gas or allowing the purified methane to be used for power generation to perform energy utilization; (3) performing solid-liquid separation, namely performing the solid-liquid separation on biogas residues and biogas slurry which are obtainedin the step (1) to obtain the biogas slurry and the biogas residues of which the moisture content is about 60 percent; (4) preparing a biological organic compound fertilizer from the biogas slurry, and mixing the biogas residues and part of biogas slurry with the straws and part of excrement to perform aerobic compost; and (5) mixing and performing the aerobic compost, namely mixing part of biogas slurry obtained in the step (3) and the crushed straws, regulating the moisture content of the mixture to be between 50 and 60 percent, and performing the aerobic compost. In the method, clean resources are recovered by the anaerobic digestion, and the biogas slurry is used for producing the biological organic compound fertilizer with a high additional value.

Green bioactive organic fertilizer

The invention relates to a green bioactive organic fertilizer, which effectively solves the problems of soil hardening, environmental pollution, and harm from residual chemical substances of grains, vegetables and fruits to human bodies. The solved technical scheme is that the green bioactive organic fertilizer is prepared by taking sludge, waste powder, poultry and animal feces, straw powder, residues, feather powder, amino acid original powder, phosphoesterases complex, a first group of complex bacteria, and a second group of complex bacteria as raw materials; uniformly mixing the sludge, the waste powder, the poultry and animal feces, the straw powder, the phosphoesterases complex and the first group of complex bacteria; stacking and covering the mixture with a sack for performing a biogenic reaction, and keeping a reaction product at the temperature of 50 to 55 DEG C for 2 days; adding the residues, the feather powder, the amino acid original powder into the reaction product, uniformly mixing the mixture for performing a secondary reaction, and keeping a reaction product at the temperature of 50 to 55 DEG C for 7 to 10 days; and adding the second complex bacteria into the latest reaction product, uniformly mixing, palletizing, checking and packaging the mixture. The green bioactive organic fertilizer has the advantages of scientific formulation, simple preparation method, good effect, no pollution and no harm to human bodies.
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