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10256 results about "Hazardous substance" patented technology

Pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof, belonging to the technical field of organic fertilizers. Tobacco waste and oil tea pulp are utilized as main raw materials to develop a method of the pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer. The invention breaks through the limitations of harmful substances and single product effect due to addition of chemical materials in the traditional organic fertilizer. The pest-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials: tobacco waste, oil tea pulp, organic substances, a poising agent and a microbial inoculant. The preparation method of the organic fertilizer comprises the following steps: crushing tobacco straws, tobacco stems, tobacco powder, oil tea pulp and organic substances, spraying the poising agent and microbial inoculant, mixing, carrying out pool stack fermentation and strip stack fermentation, screening and granulating to obtain the insect-proof disease-resistant organic fertilizer. The high-efficiency biological insect-inhibiting factors contained in the organic substances containing massive mycoprotein can effectively inhibit and kill pests and pathogenic bacteria, and solve the problem of environmental pollution caused by the pesticide fertilizer.

Nano-biological water body remediation agent for aquaculture and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a nano-biological water body remediation agent for aquaculture and a preparation method thereof. The nano-biological water body remediation agent comprises a carrier and complex bacteria attached to the carrier, wherein the carrier comprises the following ingredients in percentage by weight: 10-70 wt% of nano tourmaline, 10-70 wt% of nano titanium dioxide, 10-70 wt% of modified zeolite and 10-50 wt% of montmorillonite, and the complex bacteria comprise photosynthetic bacteria, denitrifying bacteria, nitrifying bacteria and phosphorus accumulating bacteria. The nano-biological water body remediation agent for aquaculture, disclosed by the invention, is economical and environment-friendly and is simple and convenient to prepare; the adsorption characteristics of the natural mineral materials are cooperated with the degradation characteristics of the microorganisms, so that organics in a water body can be efficiently adsorbed and degraded, and the remediation efficiency of water quality is higher; and the microorganisms can increase the dissolved oxygen in the water body while harmful substances, such as ammonia nitrogen and hydrogen sulfide, are efficiently decomposed, excellent-quality baits can be supplied to aquatic livestock through the propagation of the microorganisms, and the secondary pollution on the water body cannot be caused.

Porous semiconductor and process for producing the same

The present invention provides a filter with which organic matter, bacteria, viruses, and other harmful substances can be trapped, and the trapped material can be sterilized and decomposed, at low cost and extremely high efficiency. A porous ceramic or metal is used as a substrate, and a porous semiconductor composed of a semiconductor material having a light emitting function is formed in the interior or on the surface of this substrate. An electrode is provided to this product to serve as a filter, voltage is applied so that ultraviolet light is emitted while a fluid is being filtered, and any harmful substances are filtered and simultaneously sterilized and decomposed. The porous semiconductor layer is preferably composed of columns grown perpendicular to the substrate plane, and has the function of emitting ultraviolet light with a wavelength of 400 nm or less. The pores in the porous substrate column are through-holes perpendicular to the substrate plane, and the average size of these pores is preferably from 0.1 to 100 μm. The distal ends of the columns preferably have a pointed shape. To manufacture, a suspension of semiconductor particles having a light emitting function is filtered through the porous substrate serving as a filter medium so as to form a deposited layer of semiconductor particles on the porous substrate surface. A deposited layer of p-type semiconductor particles and a deposited layer of n-type semiconductor particles may also be formed so that these form a pn junction. Further, the present invention is characterized in that an insulating layer is formed on the top and bottom surfaces of the porous semiconductor layer, and semiconductor particles are dispersed in the insulating layer, with the bandgap of the semiconductor particles in the porous light emitting layer or the porous semiconductor layer being at least 3.2 eV, and being doped with gadolinium, which is the light emitting center.
In addition, the porous semiconductor layer may be made of porous silicon nitride composed of columnar Si3N4 particles with an average aspect ratio of at least 3 and an oxide-based binder phase containing at least one of rare earth element, and emit visible light or ultraviolet light.

Method for electrochemically preparing graphene

The invention discloses a method for electrochemically preparing graphene, which preferably comprises the steps of pressing a high-purity graphite raw material to form a graphite electrode, carrying out anodization through the graphite electrode by using sulfuric acid aqueous solution or acetic acid and the like mixed acid solution as an electrolyte to prepare a graphite intercalation product, and obtaining expanded graphite by high temperature or microwave and other methods; and then pressing the expanded graphite to prepare a reaction electrode, and carrying out secondary electrochemical intercalation and expansion to finally obtain laminar graphene. According to the invention, in the preparing process, potassium permanganate and other strong oxidizers are not used, and the damage of the strong oxidizers to the structure and performance of graphene are avoided; alkali metal, fuming sulfuric acid oxydol and other inflammable and explosive dangerous substances are not used, and toxic or harmful substances are not introduced, so that the production is safe and environment friendly; and at the same time, the method is simple in process flow, easy to operate, low in cost, high in yield, mild in reaction conditions and low in energy consumption, and is suitable for industrialized large-scale production.

Neutral inorganic composite material for dehydration, solidification and modification of high water content sludge

The invention discloses a neutral inorganic composite material for dehydration, solidification and modification of high water content sludge. The composite material comprises a powdery mixture consisting of the following components in part by weight: 100 parts of water hardened solidifying material consisting of hydrated gypsum and magnesium oxide, 80 to 120 parts of inorganic water absorption ash material, 20 to 40 parts of inorganic substance aid hardened material, 1 to 10 parts of high polymer coagulant and 1 to 5 parts of modifying functional agent. After being treated by the neutral inorganic composite material, the solidified sludge has high compressive strength; the pH of the lixivium is neutral, and meanwhile, harmful substances such as heavy metal and the like in the sludge can be effectively solidified; the treated sludge meets the requirement of landfill soil, soil for earthwork or soil for greening and farmlands; and the neutral inorganic composite material can be widely applied to the dehydration, solidification and modification of the high water content sludge such as sludge from waterworks, dredged bottom mud of rivers and lakes, residual building soil and the like.
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