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25539 results about "High frequency" patented technology

High frequency (HF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) between 3 to 30 megahertz (MHz). It is also known as the decameter band or decameter wave as its wavelengths range from one to ten decameters (ten to one hundred metres). Frequencies immediately below HF are denoted medium frequency (MF), while the next band of higher frequencies is known as the very high frequency (VHF) band. The HF band is a major part of the shortwave band of frequencies, so communication at these frequencies is often called shortwave radio. Because radio waves in this band can be reflected back to Earth by the ionosphere layer in the atmosphere – a method known as "skip" or "skywave" propagation – these frequencies are suitable for long-distance communication across intercontinental distances and for mountainous terrains which prevent line-of-sight communications. The band is used by international shortwave broadcasting stations (2.31–25.82 MHz), aviation communication, government time stations, weather stations, amateur radio and citizens band services, among other uses.

Smart recognition apparatus and method

A qualifying connection for an instrument attaches to a source of electrosurgery energy to and the instrument and has first and second parts coupled to the instrument and the source, respectively. Optical couplings on the connection transmit invisible energy to identify the instrument and are proximate on the first and second parts. A light modifier on the first part is proximal to the second part for modification of radiation in the infrared wavelengths so infrared transmitters encode signals and non contact coded proximity detectors on the second part are the coupled detectors. Non contact coded proximity detectors respond to modified infrared light establishing an Nth bit identification code. An infrared light supply in the source pass from the transmitters across the communicating couplings for encoding signals by modification of the infrared light with a light modifier. Mechanical attachments include conjugating male and female portions physically extending between the parts for mating engagement. The attachments juxtaposition the parts when the attachments geometrically conjugate to geographically positioning the couplings proximate for communicating. The attachments have one or more conductors for delivery of high frequency energy from the source to the instrument. A cable fits between the first part of the connection and the instrument and has electrical conductors for carrying energy passing through the first part of the connection from the source to the instrument. An identifying circuit couples to the second part and responds to invisible light optically communicated across the couplings for verifying the type of instrument connected by the cable to the source.

High frequency thermal ablation of cancerous tumors and functional targets with image data assistance

This invention relates to the destruction of pathological volumes or target structures such as cancerous tumors or aberrant functional target tissue volumes by direct thermal destruction. In the case of a tumor, the destruction is implemented in one embodiment of the invention by percutaneous insertion of one or more radiofrequency probes into the tumor and raising the temperature of the tumor volume by connection of these probes to a radiofrequency generator outside of the body so that the isotherm of tissue destruction enshrouds the tumor. The ablation isotherm may be predetermined and graded by proper choice of electrode geometry and radiofrequency (rf) power applied to the electrode with or without temperature monitoring of the ablation process. Preplanning of the rf electrode insertion can be done by imaging of the tumor by various imaging modalities and selecting the appropriate electrode tip size and temperature to satisfactorily destroy the tumor volume. Computation of the correct three-dimensional position of the electrode may be done as part of the method, and the planning and control of the process may be done using graphic displays of the imaging data and the rf ablation parameters. Specific electrode geometries with adjustable tip lengths are included in the invention to optimize the electrodes to the predetermined image tumor size.

Apparatus and method for optimized compression of interlaced motion images

An interlaced image processing module and corresponding method facilitate improved processing of interlaced motion images. In one embodiment, the interlaced image processing module receives image data frames having interlaced first and second fields and produces a reference field and error field. The reference field corresponds to the still image content of the interlaced frame, whereas the error field corresponds to the motion content of the interlaced frame, particularly the motion between fields. Motion between fields is thus represented in the error field, without redundant representation of the still image content provided by the first field. Where there is little motion between fields, the error terms will be small so the predictor preserves the coding efficiency provided by any auto-correlation in the image. Further, the interlaced image processing method does not rely upon pixel group classification, and thus avoids classification errors, and the loss of coding efficiency from still image content in motion classified blocks. Finally, problems presented by relative motion between fields are avoided, as are local artifacts. Another embodiment transforms the interlaced fields into frame data having a high frequency field and a low frequency field.
Owner:QUVIS +1

High speed memory control and I/O processor system

An input/output processor for speeding the input/output and memory access operations for a processor is presented. The key idea of an input/output processor is to functionally divide input/output and memory access operations tasks into a compute intensive part that is handled by the processor and an I/O or memory intensive part that is then handled by the input/output processor. An input/output processor is designed by analyzing common input/output and memory access patterns and implementing methods tailored to efficiently handle those commonly occurring patterns. One technique that an input/output processor may use is to divide memory tasks into high frequency or high-availability components and low frequency or low-availability components. After dividing a memory task in such a manner, the input/output processor then uses high-speed memory (such as SRAM) to store the high frequency and high-availability components and a slower-speed memory (such as commodity DRAM) to store the low frequency and low-availability components. Another technique used by the input/output processor is to allocate memory in such a manner that all memory bank conflicts are eliminated. By eliminating any possible memory bank conflicts, the maximum random access performance of DRAM memory technology can be achieved.

Electronic Atomization Cigarette

ActiveUS20070267031A1Reduce cancer riskRespiratorsNervous disorderVapor–liquid separatorTar
The present invention relates to an electronic atomization cigarette which only contains nicotine without harmful tar. The electronic atomization cigarette includes a shell and a mouthpiece. The external wall of the shell has an air inlet. An electronic circuit board, a normal pressure cavity, a sensor, a vapor-liquid separator, an atomizer, a liquid-supplying bottle are sequentially provided within the shell, wherein the electronic circuit board comprises an electronic switching circuit and a high frequency generator. A stream passage of the sensor is provided on one side of the sensor, and a negative pressure cavity is provided in the sensor. The atomizer and the liquid-supplying bottle is in contact with each other. An atomization cavity is arranged in the atomizer. A retaining ring for locking the liquid-supplying bottle is provided between one side of the liquid-supplying bottle and the shell, and an aerosol passage is provided on the other side of the liquid-supplying bottle. The air inlet, normal pressure cavity, vapor-liquid separator, atomizer, aerosol passage, gas vent and mouthpiece are sequentially interconnected. The advantages of the present invention include smoking without tar, significantly reducing the cancerogenic risk. Furthermore, users still feel as if they are smoking and experiencing the same excitement, and the cigarette is no need to be lit and is no fire risk.

Ultrasonically Powered Medical Devices and Systems, and Methods and Uses Thereof

The present invention provides a new family of ultrasonically powered medical devices and systems for powering such devices. Disclosed are methods for improving the overall power transfer efficiency of devices according to the present invention, as well as a wide variety of medical uses for such devices and systems. Devices of the present invention comprise a transducer that, during operation, converts electrical energy into high frequency, low amplitude mechanical vibrations that are transmitted to a driven-member, such as a wheel, that produces macroscopic rotary or linear output mechanical motions. Such motions may be further converted and modified by mechanical means to produce desirable output force and speed characteristics that are transmitted to at least one end-effector that performs useful mechanical work on soft tissue, bone, teeth and the like. Power systems of the present invention comprise one or more such handheld devices electrically connected to a power generator. Examples of powered medical tools enabled by the present invention include, but are not limited to, linear or circular staplers or cutters, biopsy instruments, suturing instruments, medical and dental drills, tissue compactors, tissue and bone debriders, clip appliers, grippers, extractors, and various types of orthopedic instruments. Devices of the present invention may be partly or wholly reusable, partly or wholly disposable, and may operate in forward or reverse directions, as well as combinations of the foregoing. The devices and systems of the present invention provide a safe, effective, and economically viable alternative source for mechanical energy, which is superior to AC or DC (battery) powered motors, compressed air or compressed gas, and hand powered systems.

X ray high frequency high voltage generator for medical use diagnose

The invention discloses a medical diagnosis X-ray high frequency high pressure generator, comprising a power supply, a central control unit, a high frequency inverter circuit, a pulse width modulation driving circuit and a high pressure transform and high pressure output circuit. The generator transforms the industrial power to two ways of high frequency and high pressure, a positive direct current high pressure and a negative direct current high pressure are obtained through rectifying and wave-filtering to provide an X-ray ball tube to work. As the frequency is high, the ripple of the rectified and wave-filtered high electric pressure is tiny, and the X-ray quality projected by the X-ray ball tube is high, and the clearance of photos of the perspective and photograph is also high. The X-ray ball tube of a photograph bed or the X-ray ball tube of an electric perspective bed can work if allocated with the high pressure power. The invention is convenient for the medical staff to use the X-ray to do the work of diagnosing diseases. As the high pressure power supply, the invention is also suitable in the safety inspection fields such as industrial flaw detection, civil aviation, station and customs etc, and provides a stable and high qualified high pressure power supply for the equipments.

Dual mode electrosurgical clamping probe and related methods

The present invention provides systems, apparatus and methods for selectively applying electrical energy to body tissue in order to ablate, contract, coagulate, or otherwise modify a target tissue or organ of a patients. An electrosurgical apparatus of the invention includes a shaft having a shaft distal end bearing an active electrode and a return electrode. At least one of the active electrode and the return electrode is moveable such that the shaft distal end can adopt a closed configuration or an open configuration. The apparatus can operate in an ablation mode or a sub-ablation mode. The closed configuration is adapted for clamping and coagulating a target tissue while the apparatus is operating in the sub-ablation mode, while the open configuration is adapted for ablating the target tissue via molecular dissociation of tissue components. A method of the present invention comprises clamping a target tissue or organ with an electrosurgical probe. A first high frequency voltage is applied between the active electrode and the return electrode to effect coagulation of the clamped tissue. Thereafter, a second high frequency voltage is applied to effect localized molecular dissociation of the coagulated tissue. The present invention allows the ablation or modification of the target tissue with minimal or no damage to surrounding, non-target tissue.

Relay device and ultrasonic-surgical and electrosurgical system

A relay device relays signals between a single switch unit and each of an ultrasonic surgical device that supplies an ultrasonic signal and an electrosurgical device that supplies a high-frequency signal, the switch unit being used for on/off control of outputs of the ultrasonic surgical device and the electrosurgical device, the ultrasonic surgical device and the electrosurgical device being connected to an ultrasonic/high-frequency treatment instrument capable of performing an ultrasonic treatment using ultrasonic vibration in accordance with the supplied ultrasonic signal and performing a high-frequency treatment in accordance with the supplied high-frequency signal. The relay device includes a switch detection unit for detecting the turn-on/off of the switch unit, a switch element for outputting a switch signal, which is used for on/off control of outputs of the ultrasonic signal and the high-frequency signal, to each of the ultrasonic surgical device and the electrosurgical device in accordance with a detection output of the switch detection unit, and a control unit for performing on/off control of the switch signal of the switch element in accordance with the detection output to control at least one of an output timing and an output mode of each of the ultrasonic signal and the high-frequency signal.

Electrosurgical apparatus having a curved distal section

Apparatus and methods for advancing and retracting a medical instrument within an introducer device, wherein the instrument includes a distal tip, a distal linear portion, a first distal curve, a substantially linear inter-curve portion, and a second proximal curve. The length of the distal linear portion and the angle of the first curve determine the position of the distal tip within a lumen of the introducer device, such that the distal tip occupies a substantially central transverse location within the lumen and the distal tip avoids contact with the introducer device. The length of the inter-curve portion and the angle of the second curve determine deflection of the distal tip from a longitudinal axis of the shaft when the second curve is extended distally beyond a distal end of the introducer device. Also, methods and apparatus for treating an intervertebral disc by ablation of disc tissue. A method of the invention includes positioning at least one active electrode within the intervertebral disc, and applying at least a first high frequency voltage between the active electrode(s) and one or more return electrode(s), wherein the volume of the nucleus pulposus is decreased, pressure exerted by the nucleus pulposus on the annulus fibrosus is reduced, and discogenic pain of a patient is alleviated. In other embodiments, a curved or steerable probe is guided to a specific target site within a disc to be treated, and the disc tissue at the target site is ablated by application of at least a first high frequency voltage between the active electrode(s) and one or more return electrode(s). A method of making an electrosurgical probe is also disclosed.
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