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46386results about How to "Avoid clogging" patented technology

Methods and apparatus for skin treatment

InactiveUS6920883B2Thermal damage is minimizedMinimizes and avoids damageDiagnosticsSurgical instruments for heatingDermisFace lifting
Methods and apparatus for electrosurgically treating human skin. The skin may be treated by applying thermal energy to the dermis to shrink the skin following liposuction, or to induce collagen deposition at the site of a wrinkle for wrinkle reduction or removal. In another embodiment, a method involves electrosurgically removing or modifying tissue in the head or neck to provide a face-lift or a neck-lift. In one embodiment, the working end of an electrosurgical instrument is positioned in at least close proximity to the dermis by approaching the dermis from the underside (reverse side) of the skin.

Endovascular system for arresting the heart

Devices and methods are provided for temporarily inducing cardioplegic arrest in the heart of a patient and for establishing cardiopulmonary bypass in order to facilitate surgical procedures on the heart and its related blood vessels. Specifically, a catheter based system is provided for isolating the heart and coronary blood vessels of a patient from the remainder of the arterial system and for infusing a cardioplegic agent into the patient's coronary arteries to induce cardioplegic arrest in the heart. The system includes an endoaortic partitioning catheter having an expandable balloon at its distal end which is expanded within the ascending aorta to occlude the aortic lumen between the coronary ostia and the brachiocephalic artery. Means for centering the catheter tip within the ascending aorta include specially curved shaft configurations, eccentric or shaped occlusion balloons and a steerable catheter tip, which may be used separately or in combination. The shaft of the catheter may have a coaxial or multilumen construction. The catheter may further include piezoelectric pressure transducers at the distal tip of the catheter and within the occlusion balloon. Means to facilitate nonfluoroscopic placement of the catheter include fiberoptic transillumination of the aorta and a secondary balloon at the distal tip of the catheter for atraumatically contacting the aortic valve. The system further includes a dual purpose arterial bypass cannula and introducer sheath for introducing the catheter into a peripheral artery of the patient.

Method for analyzing a fluid sample

A method for extracting nucleic acid from a fluid sample comprises the steps of introducing the sample into a cartridge having a sample flow path and a lysing chamber in the sample flow path. The lysing chamber contains at least one filter for separating cells or viruses from the sample. The sample is forced to flow through the lysing chamber to capture the cells or viruses with the filter, while used sample fluid flows to waste. The captured cells or viruses are disrupted to release their nucleic acid, the nucleic acid is eluted from the lysing chamber, and optionally the nucleic acid is amplified and detected in a reaction chamber of the cartridge.

Neuro-thrombectomy catheter and method of use

InactiveUS20020133111A1Avoid cloggingEnergy intensiveElectrotherapyCatheterThrombusCavitation
A microcatheter for removing thromboemboli from cerebral arteries in patients suffering from ischemic stroke. The microcatheter provides an extraction lumen that can be scaled to a very small diameter that is still capable of extracting and emulsifying thrombus without clogging the channel. The microcatheter of the invention uses a series of spaced apart energy application mechanisms along the entire length of the catheter's extraction lumen to develop sequential pressure differentials to cause fluid flows by means of cavitation, and to contemporaneously ablate embolic materials drawn through the extraction lumen by cavitation to thereby preventing clogging of the lumen. The catheter system thus provides a functional high-pressure extraction lumen that is far smaller than prior art catheter systems. Preferred mechanisms for energy delivery are (i) a laser source and controller coupled to optic fibers in the catheter wall or (ii) an Rf source coupled to paired electrodes within the extraction lumen. Each energy emitter can apply energy to fluid media in the extraction channel of the catheter-wherein the intense energy pulses can be sequentially timed to cause fluid media flows in the proximal direction in the channel.

Systems and methods for improved connection to wound dressings in conjunction with reduced pressure wound treatment systems

Described are improvements to the structure and functionality of a reduced pressure adapter used to connect a distribution manifold and a reduced pressure source instrumentation in a reduced pressure wound treatment (RPWT) system. The reduced pressure adapter reduces instances of unintentional liquid ingress into ancillary lumens of a reduced pressure delivery tube, while channeling the liquid to a primary lumen of the reduced pressure delivery tube.

Wellbore shoe joints and cementing systems

InactiveUS6082451AReduced inner body thicknessEasy to bendCleaning apparatusFluid removalBungBiomedical engineering
A new method for introducing wellbore cement into a wellbore shoe joint has been invented, the shoe joint having a hollow tubular body, the shoe joint containing an amount of wellbore fluid, the shoe joint disposed in a wellbore cementing system between a float shoe, guide shoe, or other flow apparatus beneath the shoe joint, and a hollow tubular member above the shoe joint, the hollow tubular member being a lower part of a wellbore tubular string of a plurality of tubular members (e.g., casing) extending from an earth surface down into a wellbore, the method including moving a wellbore wiper plug into the hollow tubular body of the shoe joint, moving the plug within the shoe joint to push wellbore fluid from the shoe joint and, in one aspect, debris in the fluid, the fluid flowing to the float shoe, guide shoe or other flow apparatus, flowing wellbore cement into the hollow tubular body of the shoe joint.

Battery Thermal System for Vehicle

ActiveUS20090280395A1Avoid blockage concernWell heat transferFuel cell heat exchangeCell temperature controlRefrigerantEngineering
A battery thermal system for use in a vehicle having a power plant, an air conditioning system and a battery pack, and a method of operation, is disclosed. The battery thermal system may include a refrigerant-to-coolant heat exchanger that selectively receives a refrigerant from the vehicle air conditioning system; a battery radiator located adjacent to a cooling fan; a valve that receives a liquid coolant from the battery pack and selectively redirects the liquid coolant to the refrigerant-to-coolant heat exchanger and the battery radiator; and an electric pump for pumping the liquid coolant through the battery pack, the valve, the refrigerant-to-coolant heat exchanger and the battery radiator. The battery thermal system may also include a battery coolant heater for selectively heating the coolant that flows into the battery pack.
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