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Wireless repeater for sensor system

A low cost, robust, repeater for a wireless ambient sensor system that provides an extended period of operability without maintenance is described. The repeater includes a controller and first and second transceivers. The controller is configured to control operation of said first transceiver and said second transceiver. The wireless repeater includes a repeater identification. The controller is configured to manage a sensor unit identification table that contains a list of sensor unit identification codes, where entries for the sensor unit identification table are received by the second transceiver from the base unit and identified by the repeater identification. The controller controls the first transceiver and the second transceiver to forward data from sensor units listed in said sensor unit identification table and to ignore data from sensor units not listed in said sensor unit identification table. The controller also controls the first transceiver and the second transceiver to forward data from the base unit that is addressed to sensor units listed in said sensor unit identification table and to ignore data from the base unit that is addressed to sensor units not listed in said sensor unit identification table. The controller places the first transceiver and the second transceiver in a low-power mode when no transmissions are expected from the base unit or from the sensor units listed in the sensor identification table.

Light emitting device using led

A light-emitting device (10) using an LED is proposed. This light-emitting device (10) is provided with a packaging substrate (1), a light-emitting element (2) which is mounted on this packaging substrate (1) with its face down, a fluorescent member (3) that is arranged face to face with a light-extracting surface (S) of the light-emitting element (2) without contacting the light-emitting element (2) and an optical member (4) which receives light that has been emitted from the light-emitting element (2) and made incident thereon through the fluorescent member (3), and aligns the incident light toward the outside of the device. Light, emitted from the light-emitting element (2), is made incident on the fluorescent member (3) to excite the fluorescent material so that the fluorescent material re-emits light having a wavelength different from that of the incident light. Those light rays, emitted from the light-emitting element (2), which have not been absorbed by the fluorescent member (3) and have passed through the fluorescent member (3) and those light rays that have been emitted from the fluorescent material are made incident on the optical member (4) and are aligned. Because the fluorescent member (3) is not made in contact with the light-emitting element (2), it does not receive the heat from the light-emitting element (2) through heat conduction, and consequently becomes less susceptible to degradation due to heat. Moreover, with the face-down mounting structure, the fluorescent member (3) and the optical member (4) can be placed closer to the light-emitting element (2) as long as they dose not contact the light-emitting element (2). Consequently, the service life of the fluorescent material or the fluorescent-material-mixed resin that tends to deteriorate can be lengthened, lights can be extracted more efficiently, and light rays can be properly aligned in a predetermined direction.

Method, System and Apparatus for Simulating Fluid Flow in a Fractured Reservoir Utilizing A Combination of Discrete Fracture Networks and Homogenization of Small Fractures

The present invention includes a method, system and apparatus for simulating fluid flow in a fractured subterranean reservoir. A three-dimensional hybrid reservoir model representative of a fractured subterranean reservoir is created. The model includes porous matrix blocks and a network of long fractures overlying the matrix blocks. The networks of long fractures include two-dimensional fracture blocks. Matrix and fracture flow equations for fluid flow in the matrix and fracture blocks are obtained. The effective fluid flow transmissibilities between the matrix blocks and the fracture blocks are determined. The matrix and fracture flow equations are coupled via the effective fluid flow transmissibilities. The matrix and fracture flow equations are then solved simultaneously for flow responses. Two-dimensional fracture blocks are used which ideally overly and are fluidly connect to underlying matrix blocks. The long fractures may be in direct in fluid communication with one or more intersecting wells. Where long fractures intersect with one another, the intersection of the long fractures may be modeled as a point source to enhance numerical stability during simulation. The hybrid reservoir model may utilize networks of fractures in conjunction with an underlying grid of matrix blocks wherein fracture characteristics such as (1) orientation; (2) fracture aperture; (3) fracture length; and (4) fracture height are more realistically modeled than in previously known reservoir models.

System and method for variable threshold sensor

ActiveUS20060273896A1Low costSensitive detection effectAlarmsElectric signalling detailsPagerThe Internet
A sensor system that provides an adjustable threshold level for the sensed quantity is described. The adjustable threshold allows the sensor to adjust to ambient conditions, aging of components, and other operational variations while still providing a relatively sensitive detection capability for hazardous conditions. The adjustable threshold sensor can operate for extended periods without maintenance or recalibration. In one embodiment, the sensor is self-calibrating and runs through a calibration sequence at startup or at periodic intervals. In one embodiment, the adjustable threshold sensor is used in an intelligent sensor system that includes one or more intelligent sensor units and a base unit that can communicate with the sensor units. When one or more of the sensor units detects an anomalous condition (e.g., smoke, fire, water, etc.) the sensor unit communicates with the base unit and provides data regarding the anomalous condition. The base unit can contact a supervisor or other responsible person by a plurality of techniques, such as, telephone, pager, cellular telephone, Internet (and/or local area network), etc. In one embodiment, one or more wireless repeaters are used between the sensor units and the base unit to extend the range of the system and to allow the base unit to communicate with a larger number of sensors.
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