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4351 results about "Potassium hydroxide" patented technology

Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash. Along with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), this colorless solid is a prototypical strong base. It has many industrial and niche applications, most of which exploit its caustic nature and its reactivity toward acids. An estimated 700,000 to 800,000 tonnes were produced in 2005. About 100 times more NaOH than KOH is produced annually. KOH is noteworthy as the precursor to most soft and liquid soaps, as well as numerous potassium-containing chemicals. It is a white solid that is dangerously corrosive. Most commercial samples are ca. 90% pure, the remainder being water and carbonates.

Method for preparing lithium cobaltate by directly using invalid lithium ion battery

The invention provides a method for preparing lithium cobaltate by directly using an invalid lithium ion battery. The method comprises the following steps: crushing the invalid lithium ion battery or scraps generated when a lithium cobaltate battery is produced by a mechanical crusher at normal temperature; adding water and one or more of acetic acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid or nitric acid to produce mixed aqueous solution of the battery scraps and acid; filling the mixed aqueous solution into a hermetic pressure reactor, and controlling the temperature in the reactor to be between 50 and 150 DEG C; introducing or adding one leaching additive of sulfur dioxide or hydrogen, or adding hydrazine hydrate; stirring and leaching, cooling, and filtering; adding one precipitator of sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate and ammonium carbonate, or adding composite precipitator consisting of one of the sodium carbonate, the potassium carbonate and the ammonium carbonate and one of sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide to obtain mixture of lithium carbonate, cobalt carbonate and cobalt hydroxide; drying and calcining at high temperature to produce a lithium cobaltate product. The method is particularly suitable for the treatment scale of medium-sized and small enterprises, and is an effective method for directly materializing cobalt secondary resources.

Environment-friendly type sludge firming agent

The invention provides an environment-friendly silt curing agent, which is manufactured through the following steps: one or two among fly ash, calcium sulfate, sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate, one or two among slag, slag combination, potassium hydroxide, calcium oxide, sodium silicate or silicon dioxide, one or two among carbide slag, lime or gypsum, as well as one or two among triethanol amine surfactant, calcium lignosulfonate or sodium lignosulfonate form a plurality of optimal compound formulations according to respective attributes, are optimized, compounded, ground till the Brinell specific surface areas are between 300 and 900 m2/kg respectively and then mixed, wherein particle sizes are between 0.00040 and 0.5 mm. As a large amount of waste is utilized, the curing agent saves raw materials, solves the problems about waste discharge and environmental pollution, controls waste through waste, and has important significance to environmental protection. The invention aims to provide the environment-friendly silt curing agent which has strong adaptability to a plurality of types of silt and soil, is good in curing effect, good in durability after curing and capable of utilizing industrial waste, and can be widely applied to fill engineering, embanking or embankment reinforcement engineering, road engineering and other fields.
Owner:天津渤海环保工程有限公司 +1

Process and equipment for nitrogen oxide waste conversion to fertilizer

The present invention describes a process for converting vapor streams from sources containing at least one nitrogen-containing oxidizing agent therein to a liquid fertilizer composition comprising the steps of: a) directing a vapor stream containing at least one nitrogen-containing oxidizing agent to a first contact zone, b) contacting said vapor stream with water to form nitrogen oxide(s) from said at least one nitrogen-containing oxidizing agent, c) directing said acid(s) as a second stream to a second contact zone, d) exposing said second stream to hydrogen peroxide which is present within said second contact zone in a relative amount of at least 0.1% by weight of said second stream within said second contact zone to convert at least some of any nitrogen oxide species or ions other than in the nitrate form present within said second stream to nitrate ion, e) sampling said stream within said second contact zone to determine the relative amount of hydrogen peroxide within said second contact zone, f) adding hydrogen peroxide to said second contact zone when a level of hydrogen peroxide less than 0.1 % by weight in said second stream is determined by said sampling, g) adding a solution comprising potassium hydroxide to said second stream to maintain a pH between 6.0 and 11.0 within said second stream within said second contact zone to form a solution of potassium nitrate, and h) removing said solution of potassium nitrate from said second contact zone.

Gel plugging agent for deep profile control of higher temperature oil reservoir and preparation method of gel plugging agent

The invention relates to a gel plugging agent for deep profile control of a higher temperature oil reservoir, and a preparation method of the gel plugging agent. The gel plugging agent comprises 0.3-0.8 percent of nonionic polyacrylamide, 0.6-1.3 percent of a cross-linking agent A, 0.45-1.44 percent of a cross-linking agent B, 0.02-0.04 percent of a temperature stabilizer and 0.01-0.08 percent of a pH value regulator, wherein the cross-linking agent A is methenamine; the cross-ling agent B is hydroquinone or resorcinol; the temperature stabilizer is sodium thiosulfate, sodium bisulfite or sodium sulfite; and the pH regulator is sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate. The gel plugging agent disclosed by the invention has strong temperature resisting performance and can be used for the profile control operation of the high temperature oil reservoir with 100-160DEG C; the gel plugging agent has the characteristics of high strength after being gelatinized, stronger plugging capability for the stratum and favorable thermal stability; and in addition, after the gel plugging agent is stood at the temperature of 130 DEG C for 90 days, the strength change is little and gel breaking and hydration are avoided.

Method for preparing activated carbon material with humic acid as raw material and application of activated carbon material

The invention relates to a method for preparing activated carbon with humic acid as a raw material and an application of the activated carbon. The method comprises the steps of mixing industrial humic acid with an activating agent which is potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, zinc chloride, potassium carbonate or phosphoric acid uniformly to react under inert atmosphere protection for 1-5 hours; then cooling the product, washing the product in an acid solution until the pH value is 6-7 and drying the product, thus obtaining the activated carbon. The method is convenient to operate, is relatively low in energy consumption and is suitable for large-scale industrial production. The humic acid porous activated carbon material obtained by the method has a rich porous structure and a relatively big specific surface area, is used for preparing water purifiers or electrode materials of supercapacitors, and has methylene blue dye adsorption value of 600mg/g. Besides, the humic acid porous activated carbon material is used as the electrode material of a supercapacitor to assemble a high-performance supercapacitor. The specific capacitance of the activated carbon single electrode is 351Fg<-1>. Various test results show that the activated carbon is microporous-mesoporous composite carbon and has specific surface area of about 3200m<2>/g, the pore size distribution of the activated carbon is 1-5nm, and the pore volume of the activated carbon is about 2cm<3>/g.

Method for preparing hollow zeolite socony mobil-5 (ZSM-5) nanometer zeolite

The invention relates to a method for preparing hollow zeolite socony mobil-5 (ZSM-5) nanometer zeolite. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: mixing single-dispersion ZSM-5 nanometer zeolite of which the silicon-aluminum molar ratio of SiO2/Al2O3 is over 20 and the partical size ranges from 100 to 400 nanometers with 0.05 to 0.5 mol/L of an aqueous solution of alkaline substances, wherein the alkaline substances are selected from a mixture in which a molar ratio of quaternary ammonium salt to sodium hydroxide is 1:1, a mixture in which a molar ratio of the quaternary ammonium salt to potassium hydroxide is 1:1, n-butylamine and quaternary ammonium base; and stirring at the temperature of between 80 and 200 DEG C for 10 to 200 hours, and separating. By the method, a regular cavity structure is formed, so that reactants and products are easy to transfer, and the crystallinity is high; and the method is simple, low in cost and high in yield, and can be used for mass production. The hollow ZSM-5 nanometer zeolite with different silicon-aluminum ratios can be obtained by using different matrixes or under different treatment conditions, and the sizes of cavities of hollow ZSM-5 nanometer zeolite can be regulated by changing the treatment condition.

High-adsorptivity modified activated carbon and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to high-adsorptivity modified activated carbon which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30-40 parts of grape vine, 40-50 parts of sawdust, 100-120 parts of activated carbon, 30-40 parts of corn cob, 6-9 parts of potassium hydroxide, 7-10 parts of sodium lauryl sulfate or polyethylene glycol, 7-10 parts of urea, 2-5 parts of zinc nitrate, 2-5 parts of nickel nitrate, 10-14 parts of Arabic gum or sodium alginate, 7-10 parts of modified attapulgite and a right amount of water. According to the invention, the grape vine, sawdust and corn cob are subjected to high-temperature heat treatment, and the prepared activated carbon has large specific surface area, realizes new application of wastes and achieves the effects of convenient carbonization activation process and less pollutant discharge; and by using the potassium hydroxide, urea, zinc nitrate and nickel nitrate substances for modification, the activated carbon increases the gap and enhances the adsorption capacity. Besides, the high-adsorptivity modified activated carbon is accessible in raw materials, simple in process, low in cost and suitable for industrial production, causes no generation of harmful substances and has favorable application prospects.

Active carbon for super capacitor and a preparation method thereof

The invention relates to an electrode material for an electrochemical super capacitor, more particularly to an active carbon for the super capacitor and a preparation method thereof. The inventive active carbon for the super capacitor is obtained by the steps of drying, carbonizing and activating starch that is taken as raw material. The preparation method thereof comprises the following steps of: 1) drying moisture in the starch; 2) putting the dried starch in an electric resistance furnace to be heated up to 350-550 DEG C under the protection of an inert gas, keeping constant temperature for 1-4 hours, and taking out after cooling to obtain a carbonizing material; 3) grinding and mixing the carbonizing material with potassium hydroxide saturated solution uniformly, drying the moisture and putting the mixture in the electric resistance furnace to be heated up to 750-850 DEG C under the protection of the inert gas, keeping constant temperature for 1-4 hours, and taking out the mixture after cooling to be ground, washing to a neutral state and drying to obtain the active carbon; the proportion by weight of the carbonizing material to potassium hydroxide solid is 1:4-8. The invention has extensive source of the raw materials, high specific surface area of the prepared active carbon and low production cost.

Hierarchical pore ZSM-5 molecular sieve and synthetic method thereof

The invention discloses a hierarchical pore ZSM-5 molecular sieve and a synthetic method thereof. The hierarchical pore ZSM-5 molecular sieve is formed by the accumulation of crystalline grains with order nano-layered structures and is integrally structured. The synthetic method comprises the following steps of: with quaternary ammonium salt as a structure-directing agent (SDA), tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) as a silicon source, aluminium isopropoxide (AIP) as an aluminum source, and potassium hydroxide (KOH) as an alkali source, adding a cationic surface active agent (CSF) to prepare a synthetic liquid with the molar ratio of (20-100) SiO2: (1-3) Al2O3: (10-30) SDA: (10-50) KOH: (1,000-3,000) H2O: (1-10) CSF; adding 10 to 20% of Silicalite-1 molecular sieve seed crystal gel; performing hydrothermal crystallization according to the conventional method; processing a product by washing, drying and roasting to obtain the ZSM-5 molecular sieve. The molecular sieve is an agglomeration which is formed by the self-assembly under mutual effect of CSF, seed crystal gel and an inorganic species and is of a lamella and hierarchical zeolite structure; the molecular sieve is relatively high in specific surface area, relatively short in a diffusion path and relatively high in stability. The preparation method also has the advantages of high degree of crystallinity, high yield and simple operation steps, and is easy to separate.

Method for decomposing vanadium slag with solution of potassium hydroxide under normal pressure

The invention relates to a method for decomposing vanadium slag with solution of potassium hydroxide under normal pressure, which comprises the following steps: adding the vanadium slag or pre-treated vanadium slag, water and KOH into a reactor, controlling the mass ratio of the KOH to the vanadium slag and the concentration of solution of KOH, performing oxidation reaction in the presence of oxidizing gas, and controlling the reaction temperature and reaction time in the reaction process; diluting the obtained reaction slurry with a diluting agent to obtain mixed slurry which contains potassium hydroxide, potassium vanadium, potassium chromate and tailings; and performing filtering separation on the mixed slurry to obtain the tailings and vanadium and chromium-containing aqueous solution. The method is only operated under normal pressure, is easy to perform and has high safety; the operation temperature is far lower than the traditional vanadium extraction temperature; the extraction rate of vanadium is high; and synchronous extraction of chromium in the vanadium slag can be realized. The total amount of the vanadium in the tailings is 0.2-1 weight percent (based on the amount of V2O5) and the total amount of the chromium is 0.2-1 percent (based on the amount of Cr2O3).
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