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22218 results about "Seedling" patented technology

A seedling is a young plant sporophyte developing out of a plant embryo from a seed. Seedling development starts with germination of the seed. A typical young seedling consists of three main parts: the radicle (embryonic root), the hypocotyl (embryonic shoot), and the cotyledons (seed leaves). The two classes of flowering plants (angiosperms) are distinguished by their numbers of seed leaves: monocotyledons (monocots) have one blade-shaped cotyledon, whereas dicotyledons (dicots) possess two round cotyledons. Gymnosperms are more varied. For example, pine seedlings have up to eight cotyledons. The seedlings of some flowering plants have no cotyledons at all. These are said to be acotyledons.

Seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables

The invention discloses a seedling substrate for vegetables, belonging to the technical field of soilless culture. The substrate formula comprises the following components based on volume ratios: 10-40% of fermented vinegar dreg, 5-30% of fermented cassava dreg, 5-30% of plant ash, 5-30% of perlite, 5-30% of vermiculite and 10-25% of turf. The water content of the substrate is not bigger than 50%, and the total porosity of the substrate is 65-95%, and the total nutrient content of the substrate (N+P2O5+K2O) is 3-5%, and the grain diameter of the substrate is 0.1-4.9 mm, and the volume weight of the substrate is 0.2-0.8 g/cm3, and the gas-water ratio of the substrate is 1: 2-4, and the EC (elastic coefficient) value of the substrate is 1-3 and the pH value of the substrate is 5.8-7.5. The seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables mainly uses organic wastes as raw materials, and produces seedling substrate by high temperature fermentation treatment, and changes wastes into wealth, and turns harm into good. The invention has a low production cost, a light weight and complete nutrients such that it is suitable for growth and development for vegetable seedlings, and is a good substrate for soilless culture industrialized tray seedling for vegetables.

Special seedling-raising medium for leaf vegetables

The invention discloses a special seedling-raising medium for leaf vegetables, belonging to the technical field of soilless culture. The medium comprises vinegar residue, manioc waste and other organic wastes, as well as vermiculite, grass carbon, plant ash and perlite. The formula of the medium comprises the following components in volume ratio: 25-35 parts of vinegar residue, 5-10 parts of manioc waste, 10-15 parts of plant ash, 15-20 parts of vermiculite, 20-25 parts of grass carbon and 5-10 parts of perlite; and the medium has total nutrient content of 1-3%, free water content of 25-40%, total porosity of 65-85%, volume weight of 0.1-0.8g/m<3>, pH of 5.5-7.5, EC (electrical conductivity) value of 0.5-2.0mS/cm and dry base organic matter content of not less than 25%. The special seedling-raising medium disclosed by the invention mainly takes the vinegar residue, the manioc waste and other organic wastes as raw materials, and high-temperature fermentation treatment is performed for producing the soilless culture medium, so that the wastes are changed into valuables and harmful things are further turned to beneficial things. The special seedling-raising medium has the advantages of low cost, light texture and complete nutrition, is very suitable for raising seedlings of the leaf vegetables, and becomes a good seedling-raising medium for soilless culture of horticultural crops.

High-activity antibacterial peptide-containing matrix for garden seedling cultivation, as well as preparation and application thereof

The invention discloses a high-activity antibacterial peptide-containing matrix for garden seedling cultivation, as well as a preparation method and application thereof. The high-activity antibacterial peptide-containing matrix for garden seedling cultivation is prepared from the following components: Chinese medicament residues, organic additives, inorganic additives, microbial blends, housefly larva excrement, functional microbes and a water retention agent, wherein the functional microbes have the effects of activating matrix nutrition, exogenously fixing nitrogen, antagonizing pathogenic microorganism, reinforcing absorbing capability of seedling roots to nutrition and promoting seedling growth. Furthermore, the matrix for garden seedling cultivation has comprehensive nutrient elements, stable performance, strong buffer capability, and good water and fertilizer retaining performance; and the preparation method has simple production process, short production period, wide sources and low cost of raw materials, no environmental pollution and convenience in large-scale commercial production. The matrix for garden seedling cultivation can be used for raising and cultivating garden green seedlings, and can also be used for repairing and improving the ecological environment.
Owner:广州普邦园林股份有限公司 +1

Tobacco composite microbial fertilizer and its preparation method

Disclosed are a tobacco composite microbial fertilizer and its preparation method. The tobacco composite microbial fertilizer contains an active functional bacteria ingredient, an organic fertilizer ingredient and an inorganic composite fertilizer ingredient, wherein the active functional bacteria ingredient contains phosphate solubilizing bacteria-Bacillus megaterium powder, potassium bacteria-Bacillus mucilaginosus powder, tobacco growth-promoting rhizobacteria-Bacillus amyloliquefaciens powder and tobacco endophytic antagonistic bacteria-Brevibacillus laterosporus powder; and the organic fertilizer ingredient contains decomposed manure, a rapeseed cake fertilizer and straws. The invention also relates to a preparation method of the tobacco composite microbial fertilizer. The fertilizerprovided by the invention has advantages of an organic fertilizer, an inorganic fertilizer and a microbial fertilizer. According to the invention, utilization rate of the fertilizer can be raised, soil organic matters can be increased, tobacco plant rhizosphere microbial proliferation can be promoted, soil physical and chemical property and biological activity can be improved, comprehensive and balanced nutrients can be provided for the early growth of tobacco seedling, the occurrence of soil borne disease can be decreased, and flue-cured tobacco output and quality can be substantially improved.

Seed coating agent special for direct seeding rice

InactiveCN101310582AEfficiently regulate changes in moisture contentRegulating changes in moisture contentSeed coating/dressingDiseaseAdditive ingredient
The invention discloses a seed coating agent specially used for direct seeding rice, which is characterized in that the seed coating agent mainly contains the following ingredients by weight: 2 to 8 percent of super absorbent resin, 1 to 5 percent of oxygenates, 0.1 to 0.5 percent of sparrow and rat destruction agent , 0.5 to 2 percent of bactericide, 0.5 to 2 percent of pesticide, 0.02 to 0.2 percent of plant growth regulator, 3 to 10 percent of trace element fertilizer and the margin is special type mineral clay. The powder raw materials are crushed to more then 100 meshes and are mixed evenly, the mixture is coated on the surfaces of rice seeds by a seed-coating method for direct sowing, thus clay sacculus integrating 'a small water reservoir, a small oxygen reservoir, a small drug storage and a small fertilizer storage' are formed around the rice seeds and at the roots of seedlings; the seed coating agent has the effects of preserving and providing water, ventilating and providing oxygen, promoting seedling emergency, preventing diseases and killing pests, preventing mice and destructing sparrows, strengthening seedlings and roots and increasing production. The seed coating agent is also characterized by low dosage, low cost, simple and convenient operation, and the like, thereby being applicable to coating rice seeds which are directly sowed both on flooded paddy fields and dry paddy fields.

Composite type artificial algal reef

The invention discloses a composite type artificial algal reef comprising a mature algal reef and a seedling reef. The mature algal reef comprises a solid base. The upper surface of the solid base is embedded with a metal frame, wherein the shape of the metal frame is identical to that of the upper surface of the solid base and the size of the metal frame is identical to that of the upper surface of the solid base. A conch net bag is arranged in the metal frame. The center of the upper surface is embedded with a metal stand column. A steel ring is welded to the upper end of the stand column. A plurality of seedling ropes are fixed between the metal frame and the steel ring. The seedling reef is fixed to the side face of the solid base of the mature algal reef, and algal seedlings are attached to the seedling reef. By the adoption of the composite type artificial algal reef, the attaching effect of alga is guaranteed, the repair period of an algae field is shortened, the success rate of repair and reconstruction of the algae field is improved, the adhesive rate of the seedlings is increased, and the seedling reef is firm, durable, small in size, light, and convenient to carry; the net bag made of waste conches is placed in the metal frame, and a biophile reef can be composed through diffusion and attachment of spores of fronds on the seedling ropes; resource utilization of the waste conches is achieved, and composite type artificial algal reef has the advantages of being economical and easy and convenient to use.

Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis scale seedling culturing method

InactiveCN101822157AUnsleepImprove germination rateSeed and root treatmentHorticultureParis polyphylla var. yunnanensisHigh survival rate
The invention relates to a Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis scale seedling culturing method. The method comprises the following steps of: selecting Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis plants more than 10 years old and reserving seeds for planting; collecting mature seeds; washing the collected seeds to remove episperm; spreading and drying the seeds in a shade and ventilating place within 12 hours, wherein a temperature is maintained and an accumulation thickness is less than or equal to 6 cm; spreading the seeds uniformly and drying; filling the seeds into a ventilating container; storing the container in a shade environment with a suitable temperature, wherein the storage time is no more than 2 months; clearing impurities and residues in a seedling culturing field; fertilizing decayed farm manure and calcium superphosphate; plowing and raking soil; forming a furrow; spreading humus soil on the furrow surface; flatting the furrow surface; sowing in early June next year; taking the stored seeds, and after sterilizing, broadcasting the seeds uniformly according to the thickness of sowing; earthing after broadcasting; covering mantle on the furrow surface; irrigating sufficiently and performing seedling management. A method for drying the seeds of the Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis in shade in an environment without direct sunlight is adopted, the dormancy of the seeds of the Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis is broken, and the scale production of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis seedlings is realized, so that germchit guarantee is provided for large-area popularization and cultivation of the Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The method has the characteristics of simple and easily-learned operation, high survival rate of germchit, low production cost, healthy and strong germchit, stable and reliable technology, high repeatability, and capacity of effectively solving the problem of scale seedling cultivation of the Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis.

Method for tissue-culture breeding and wild-simulated cultivation of dendrobium candidum

The invention discloses a method for tissue-culture breeding and wild-simulated cultivation of dendrobium candidum, which comprises: inoculating dendrobium candidum tender straw slices onto a culturemedium for culture under conditions of a temperature of 22 to 24 DEG C and an illuminance of 1,000 to 1,500 Lx to first induce the growth of calles to form protocorms and then promote the multiplicative growth of the protocorms into 5 to 8 centimeter strong seedlings; and moving the seedlings out of a culture room, hardening the seedlings at a normal temperature for 3 to 5 days and transplanting the seedlings into the ground in a green house. The plane basic layer of a cultivation check field in the green house are provided with spaced breather holes; the upper layer of the cultivation check field is a cultivation medium; the seedlings are planted at a row spacing of 12*8cm and a spacing in the row of 12*8cm; in the green house, the temperature is 0 to 28 DEG C, the humidity is 60 to 70 percent and the shade density is 70 to 80 percent; and disease and pest prevention and control are carried out periodically and the dendrobium candidum can be harvested in 3 to 4 years. The method improves the civil year breeding coefficient of the dendrobium candidum by about 10 times, provides enough seedlings for large-scale cultivation, solves the problem of wild-simulated cultivation and realizes scale cultivation.

Standardized cultivation method of super double cropping rice

The invention discloses a standardized cultivation method of super double cropping rice. Currently, the super double cropping rice is cultivated still according to a traditional method for cultivating ordinary rice, yield is not stable, the quality is not high, and grain safety and income increasing of farmers are seriously affected. The standardized cultivation method includes the technical measures of selection of varieties, selection of environment of producing area, robust seedlings cultivation, field cultivation and management, integrated control over plant diseases and insect pests and the like, and systematized standardized cultivation technology integration research of the super double cropping rice is carried out. According to a test result after 56 thousand of hm2 is popularized and applied, the yield of 667 m<2> reaches 456.67 kg/ 667 m<2> averagely, the yield increase range reaches 42.57 kg/ 667m<2> averagely, the rate of growth reaches 10.27% averagely, the increased income of every 667 m<2> reaches 100.58 RMB/ 667 m<2> averagely, the cost for using chemical pesticide to control diseases, pests and the like is lowered, and the cost is saved by 6.5-7.2 RMB/ 667 m<2>. According to the technical standard, the production of the super rice is indexed and scientized, the technical operability is high, the application effect is good, the standardized cultivation method is deeply popular by mass farmers, and the gained economic benefit, social benefits and ecological benefits are remarkable.

Organic rice cultivation method

The invention discloses an organic rice cultivation method, which comprises the following four steps of: 1) rice seedling raising, 2) fertilizer application; 3) reasonable close planting and 4) field management. The organic rice cultivation method is characterized in that the step of fertilizer application comprises the following two sub-steps of: 1) preparing and applying composted farmyard manure: evenly spraying microbial manure into farmyard manure, covering the farmyard manure with a plastic film, processing for 21 days to obtain the composted farmyard manure and then applying the composted farmyard manure in a paddy field; and 2) applying microbial manure: applying the microbial manure in the paddy field with water depth being less than 3cm and transplanting rice seedlings 15 days later after the microbial manure is applied. The organic rice cultivation method has the advantages that the heavy-metal ions and the chemical residues thereof in soil can be eliminated; the caking and the desertification of the soil can be gradually eliminated, the content of organic matters is improved, the pH (potential of hydrogen) is regulated, the granular structure is optimized and the breeding of harmful pathogenic bacteria is inhibited; the nutrients are sufficient; and a large quantity of nitrogen elements in air and various intrinsic elements in the soil are fully utilized, and low-carbon, environmental-friendly, sustainable, circular and high-efficiency agricultural economy is formed.

Method for conducting afforestation on saline-alkali soil

ActiveCN103392456ANew comprehensive measures for effective soil reduction and soil improvementLow cost of improvementClimate change adaptationAfforestationRevegetationPlant roots
The invention discloses a method for conducting afforestation on saline-alkali soil. The method includes the steps of firstly, digging deep planting pits in the saline-alkali soil; secondly, paving two layers of isolating curtains at the bottom of each planting pit and the inner wall of each planting pit respectively; thirdly, arranging filtering layers between each isolation layer and the bottom of each planting pit and between each isolating layer and the inner wall of each planting pit; fourthly, preparing mixed matrix, filling the matrix into the pits and tamping down the matrix; fifthly, planting seedlings; sixthly, conducting maintenance management. According to the method for conducting afforestation on the saline-alkali soil, the difficult problems of lowering the salt content, improving the soil and conducting afforestation on the saline-alkali soil are solved. Through the measures of discharging salt and blocking salt, the salt content in the distribution range of the plant root systems is lowered, the plant root systems are promoted to absorb nutrient and water and discharge salt in a unidirectional mode, and a soil environment which is beneficial to plant growth is created. According to the method for conducting afforestation on the saline-alkali soil, the survival rate and the preserving rate of the seedlings are improved, and the method is low in cost compared with a traditional method for improving the saline-alkali soil by merely paving the salt isolating layers, replacing soil and conducting afforestation, is suitable for the saline-alkali soil afforestation and the plant cover recovery project, and can also be used in the manual construction and the machine and human coordinated construction.

Application method of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus in large-scale tobacco cultivation

InactiveCN103125251AImprove qualityImprove mineral nutritionHorticulture methodsBiotechnologySporeling
The invention relates to an application method of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus in large-scale tobacco cultivation. A primary arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi fungicide is inoculated and propagated separately, and propagule spore density of an arbuscular mycorrhiza of each fungi after the propagation is 30 pieces per gram of dry soil. A float breeding method is adopted to conduct arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi fungicide combinedinoculation to tobacco, mycorrhization tobacco seedlings are obtained, and the mycorrhization tobacco seedlings are directly applied to field production. When being transplanted, the mycorrhization tobacco seedlings are conducted with a two-step inoculation, and the mixed fungicide is mixed by propagated acaulospora mellea, glomus mosseae and glomus intraradices at a proportion of 0.5-1: 1:1. A colony formed by the propagation of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus is close to a natural state, and fungus cooperate and play a better role of growth promoting and quality improving. According to the application method of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus in the large-scale tobacco cultivation, by means of the two times of inoculations of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, the proportion of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus and the tobacco in a symbiotic system built during a seedling stage of the tobacco is guaranteed, and the beneficial effects of the symbiotic system to the development of the tobacco seedlings are ensured. The application method of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus in the large-scale tobacco cultivation is simple and practical in method and environment friendly.
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