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5440 results about "Bud" patented technology

In botany, a bud is an undeveloped or embryonic shoot and normally occurs in the axil of a leaf or at the tip of a stem. Once formed, a bud may remain for some time in a dormant condition, or it may form a shoot immediately. Buds may be specialized to develop flowers or short shoots, or may have the potential for general shoot development. The term bud is also used in zoology, where it refers to an outgrowth from the body which can develop into a new individual.

Mushroom cultivating method utilizing residues of sophora flower buds after extraction of rutins

The invention discloses a mushroom cultivating method utilizing residues of sophora flower buds after extraction of rutins. The mushroom cultivating method utilizing the residues of the sophora flower buds after the extraction of the rutins comprises processing burdening, namely weighing cultivation raw materials which comprise, based on the weight percent, cotton seed hull of 42-60%, the residues of the sophora flower buds after the extraction of the rutins of 28-40%, bran of 10-20%, gypsum of 0.6-2%, calcium superphosphate of 0.3-1%, carbamide of 0.2-1% and sugar of 0.8-2% and adding water into the cultivation raw materials after uniform mix of the cultivation raw materials to enable water content of the cultivation raw materials to achieve 55-65%; bagging and sterilizing after the burdening processing; inoculating and cultivating hypha; building a shed and earthing up; coloring; and managing fruiting. The mushroom cultivating method utilizing the residues of the sophora flower buds after the extraction of the rutins has the advantages of being simple in operation, capable of cultivating the mushroom by adding small amount of nutritional ingredients, quick in spawn runing, low in production cost and capable of effectively utilizing by-product residues in phytoextraction industries in a maximum limit and achieving sustainable development.

Planting method of Chinese trichosanthes

The invention relates to a planting method of Chinese trichosanthes, belonging to the technical field of plantation and comprising the steps of: variety breeding, seedling reproduction, transplanting, field management, disease and pest control, harvesting and processing, wherein the variety breeding step includes the sub-steps of the tests in different production places, amplification and verification tests, resistance test, field pest investigation and trichosanthes nematode control; the seedling reproduction step includes the sub-steps of seed reproduction and root reproduction; the transplanting step includes the sub-steps of land selection and preparation, ridging, reproduction and planting, planting method implementation and field management; the land selection and preparation step includes the sub-steps of detection on chemical characteristic of soil, basic fertilizer application and disinfection; the reproduction and planting step includes the sub-steps of seed bud selection, rood cutting and breeding, planting and shed putting up; the planting method implementation step includes the sub-steps of planning density control and staminiferous plant matching; the filed management step includes the sub-steps of intertillagement and weeding, top application, shed putting up, pruning and cold prevention, in particular to intertillagement and weeding, root airing, intercrop, earthing, vine supporting and racking, top application, pruning, flower and fruit protection, chemical control and foliage application; and the disease and pest control step includes the sub-steps of control of diseases and pest and control method implementation.

Flat black tea (Black Jinkui) and making process thereof

A making process for a flat black tea includes the following steps: shoots are picked at the beginning of the emergence of a bud and two leaves; the shoots are spread for 1 to 2 hours, the thickness of the spread shoots is 1cm to 2cm, and the shoots are turned for just one time every half an hour; the fresh shoots are put into a withering trough, spread by 1.5cm to 2.0cm and then withered by 36 DEG C to 40 DEG C of hot air for 4 to 6 hours; the withered shoots are first gently rolled for 2 minutes, pressurized for 1 to 2 minutes and loosened for 2 minutes; the shoots are then fermented, the temperature is 40 DEG C to 50 DEG C for spring tea and 35 DEG C to 40 DEG C for summer tea, and the fermentation time is 4 to 5 hours; after being deblocked, the shoots are put into a trough type electric heater and carded, the carding temperature is 130 DEG C to 150 DEG C, and the time is 10 to 15 minutes; after being carded, the shoots are pressed to become flat under 130 DEG C to 150 DEG C, and the time is 10 to 15 minutes; the shoots are then put into a flat tea-shaping dryer and shaped, the shaping temperature is 110 DEG C to 130 DEG C, and the time is 5 to 10 minutes; after shaping, the drying temperature is 90 DEG C to 100 DEG C, and the time is 4 to 5 minutes; finally, the shoots are put into an aroma-increasing machine to increase aroma, the aroma-increasing temperature is 90 DEG Cto 110 DEG C, and the aroma-increasing time is 5 to 10 minutes. The invention solves the problem on how to cleanly, mechanically and continuously produce black flat Houkui tea.

Single flower selfing isolation method for small chili

The invention belongs to the technical field of plant breeding, and in particular relates to a single flower selfing isolation method for small chili. The method comprises the following steps: (1) selecting an excellent single plant, namely in the flowering period, selecting the excellent single plant according to a breeding objective, and marking; (2) preparing a capsule shell, namely separating a shell cap from a shell body of a hollow hard capsule shell; (3) selecting a flower bud, namely selecting a large flower bud which is expected to bloom in the next day; (4) treating the flower bud, namely holding the flower bud to be treated by one hand, holding the capsule shell, which is matched with the flower bud in size, by the other hand, slightly sleeving the flower bud with the lower opening of the capsule shell over the widest part of the flower bud, and marking a flower stalk; (5) managing after the treatment in a method which is the same as a conventional field management method for the production of small chili. The capsule shell used in the method is low in cost and does not hurt the flower bud and the flower stalk when being used, the operation is convenient and easy, and the work efficiency is high; moreover, the capsule shell with certain elasticity and permeability does not influence the cracking of anther and pollination, and thus the selfing setting rate of the small chili is high.

Green biological seedling raising matrix

The invention discloses a green biological seedling raising matrix, relating to the seedling raising matrix technology. The preparation method comprises the following steps of: mixing straw powder, organic fertilizer and nutrient soil to be uniform, adding water until the water content is 45-55%, adding compound bacteria and then mixing to be uniform, stacking for fermenting, turning when the temperature increases to 50 +/- 2 DEG C, turning and cooling for 1-2 days when the temperature is increased to 50 DEG C again, adding microelements and growth hormone, stirring to be uniform, and packaging. The invention has the beneficial effects that: (1) the matrix is rich in organic matters and beneficial biological germs, has comprehensive nutrition and is loose and soft; (2) the matrix is seed-saving and labour-saving and can shorten seedling raising period; (3) the matrix can be used to ensure uniform and strong seedlings and high sprout rate; (4) the matrix can protect roots and hold water and fertilizer and has good air permeability; (5) the matrix has the functions of promoting flower bud differentiation and improving the yield; and (6) the matrix has the effect of resisting soil diseases. The matrix disclosed by the invention is applicable to seedling raising of vegetable, melon and fruit, flower and plant, tea, tobacco and cotton.

Preparation method of freeze-drying ginkgo fruit

The invention relates to a preparation method of freeze-drying ginkgo fruit, which mainly comprises the following steps of: scalding gingkoes with testa removed; removing endotesta; subjecting the gingkoes to treatments of debitterizing, curing, secondary cooking in sugar, and sugaring; freezing and drying the gingkoes in vacuum to reach the water content of less than 3% and the sugar content of 9-15% in the product; and finally adopting deoxidized packaging to obtain a freeze-drying ginkgo fruit product. As the raw materials are subjected to the debitterizing, curing and color protection treatments in the invention, the bad bitter taste of internal buds in the gingkoes is overcome, the appearance, shape and color of gingko nutlet are kept unchanged, and the crispness and hardness of the product are increased. As the secondary cooking in sugar and the sugaring are performed, nutrient components of the product are increased, and the palatability of the product is improved; the water content is lower than 3% at the same time as the biological active components in the gingko nutlet are preserved to the maximum extent due to the freezing and drying of the gingkoes in vacuum; therefore, the preparation method is suitable for preserving the product; moreover, the freeze-drying ginkgo fruit is suitable for people to carry and have in leisure and a trip.

Method for propagating camellia japonica quickly

InactiveCN102217482AReduce incubation timeProtect ecological resourcesHorticultureRootstockEconomic benefits
The invention discloses a method for propagating camellia japonica quickly, which comprises the following steps of: pruning branches of tea trees, and performing special processing; collecting cions of required varieties; and grafting, cutting and sealing tightly. Particularly, the method comprises the specific steps of: (1) collecting the branches; (2) collecting the cions; (3) grafting; (4) cutting; and (5) conveying the branches of the tea trees into a shed. The method has the advantages that: 1, the pruned branches of the wild tea trees can be grafted and cut immediately on the premise ofprotecting ecological resources, the branches, which are used as tree stocks, of the tea trees root, and the cions sprout buds within half a year and bloom in the second year, so the aim of shortening the marketing time by over 5 years is fulfilled under the condition of not taking 3 to 5 years for culturing the tree stocks into consideration; and 2, a section of pruned branch of the tea trees can root, sprout and bloom within two years by grafting and cutting; and the wild tea trees are not used as the tree stocks, so the populations of theaceae plants are protected effectively, ecology and society are facilitated, the cost is reduced, the economic benefit is improved, and the survival rate of cutting and grafting is over 85 percent.

Method and apparatus for trimming buds and flowers

ActiveUS20120279193A1Enabling flowEnabling processingHedge trimming apparatusBud removersSprayerWaste collection
The present invention discloses an apparatus for trimming plants, in particular, buds and flowers, to remove unwanted plant material. A typical application would be to process a plant to leave only trimmed buds and flowers for use in potpourri, fragrant sashes, or as a prelude to further processing of essential oils. The invention enables faster and safer production of plant material than prior plant processing machines. The apparatus employs an original combination of a slotted metal drum and a lawn mower type cutting reel that are rotated in the same direction, but at different speeds, to create a cutting interface that shears the unwanted plant material off and then collect this debris though a novel vacuum manifold into a waste collection device. The cutting interface between the slotted drum and the cutting reel is adjustable to keep the distance between the two between 0.002 and 0.006 inches for a very sharp and clean cut. The invention includes a roller brush and sprayer system to keep the cutting interface clean, without buildup of oils and other organic plant material. The invention is built upon a frame that moves on wheels and that allows for adjustment for operation in a level or tilted configuration to best suit the processing of particular types of plant material. The manifold cover is easily removed for cleaning and for sharpening or adjustment of the cutting blades.

Efficient breeding method of sugarcane health seedling

The invention relates to a high-efficiency breeding method of healthy seedlings of cane, the method is proposed aiming at the problems that seed performance degenerates, yield is greatly reduced and the quality is reduced, which are caused by that the cane is taken as asexually propagated crop, propagation coefficient is low, the amount of seeds used for cane implantation is large, and after the implantation of a plurality of years, the cane is easy to be infected with a disease; improved type healthy seedlings of the cane can be cultured by nine steps of seedling mild water detoxication processing, seedling sprouting, in vitro peeling inoculation, induction culture, virus check, propagation culture, rootage culture, domesticated seedling-refining and outdoor temporary planting; the method adopts the combination of mild water detoxication and stem tip detoxication with thorough detoxication and good effect; the direct peeling inoculation of the explant does not need to be treated with disinfection processing, has low pollution rate and light browning, and is easy to generate clustering buds by induction; the propagation coefficient is high, the speed is high, the period is short; the seed performance is table, the seedling is strong; the virus detection is precise and accurate; the survival rate of the outdoor temporary planting is high and is up to more than 90 percent; the production cost is low, the efficiency is high, and the method is suitable for industrialized production.

Rapid propagation method for tube seedlings of high-grade polygonatum cyrtonema hua

InactiveCN102550413AGood quality hypertrophyGood for field cultivationHorticulture methodsPlant tissue cultureBudSugar
A rapid propagation method for tube seedlings of high-grade polygonatum cyrtonema hua relates to the tissue culture technology of plants. The formulas of culture mediums are as follows: an induction culture medium includes MS, 1.0 mg/L of 6-BA, and 0.5 mg/L of NAA, a proliferation culture medium for root tubers with buds include MS, 10 mg/L of 6-BA, 0.5 mg/L of NAA, and 60 g/L of sugar, and a proliferation culture medium for the bud body parts include MS, 1.0 mg/L of 6-BA, 0.5 mg/L of 2,4-D, and 60 g/L of sugar, a proliferation and seedling strengthening culture medium for the root tuber parts include MS, 1.0 mg/L of 6-BA, 0.5 mg/L of NAA, 0 to 50 mg/L of paclobutrazol, and 60 g/L of sugar, and a rooting culture medium for the root tuber parts include MS, 0.5 mg/L of 6-BA, 0.5 mg/L of NAA, and 0.5% of activated charcoal. The method comprises the steps as follows: the surface layers of the root tuber parts of the disinfected root tubers with buds are removed, the root tubers with buds are cut into root tubers and buds after being cultivated in the induction culture medium and the proliferation culture medium, the root tubers are transferred to enrichment culture and cultivated circularly for 3 to 6 generations, the buds are transferred to proliferation culture of the bud parts and are proliferated in a compound and circulating manner for 3 to 6 generations, and proliferation strong seedling culture and rooting culture are performed to final end products which are the root tubers with buds. The method is applicable to rapid propagation and scale production.

Method of performing mixed sowing of astragalus sinicus and oilseed rape and returning green manures to field

InactiveCN103460952AIncrease productionGive full play to the growth characteristicsHorticultureAstragalus sinicusBud
The invention provides a method for performing mixed sowing of astragalus sinicus and oilseed rape and returning green manures to the field. The method comprises the following steps: a, sowing astragalus sinicus, namely sowing seeds of astragalus sinicus 25-35 days before harvesting of late rice, and keeping field water suitable for growth of astragalus sinicus; b, sowing oilseed rape, namely oversowing seeds of oilseed rape 1-3 days after harvesting of late rice; c, turning over and pressing the astragalus sinicus and the oilseed rape, namely when the astragalus sinicus is in a full-blossom period and the oilseed rape is in a bud period, simultaneously turning over and retting two types of green manures about 15 days before planting of early rice, wherein routine ploughing, fertilizing and early rice transplanting can be performed after retting is performed for 8-10 days. The method provided by the invention can be used for solving the problems of single planting variety and single planting structure in production and utilization of green manures in the southern double-crop rice region, effectively solving the problems that green manure nutrients are imbalanced after uni-sowed Chinese milkvetch or oilseed rape is turned over and pressed and thus nutrient supply can not meet the requirements of the whole early rice growth period on the nutrients, and the like, being beneficial to the improvement on the yield and quality of aftercrop early rice and playing a role in directly promoting the green manure development re-arisen in China.
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